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Sigmund Freud vs Erik Erikson

Descirbes psychoanalytic theories developed by Freud and Erikson
by

Jose Soriano

on 30 January 2013

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Transcript of Sigmund Freud vs Erik Erikson

Psychoanalytic Theory:
Two Great Minds By: Freddy Soriano Who is Sigmund Freud? Erik Erikson Sigmund Freud Psychosocial Theory
Continued Psychosocial Theory Who is Erik Erikson? 1856-1939
Freud was a Austrian neurologist
Known as the father of psychoanalysis
Believed in unconscious motives
Believed in id, ego, and superego
Developed psychosexual theories Id The first four stages of Erikson's theory

Trust vs. Mistrust (Birth to 1 year)
Infants must learn to trust their parents. Responsiveness is critical
Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt (1-3 years)
Children must learn to assert their wills and do things for themselves; or they will doubt their abilities
Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6 years)
Children develop initiative that allow them to plan and tackle big projects, but without impinging the rights of others
Industry vs. Inferiority (6-12 years)
Children must become as social and academic as their peers, or they will feel inferior 1902-1994
Neo-Freudian psychoanalytic theory
Less emphasis on sexual urges
More emphasis on social influences
Less emphasis on unconscious
More emphasis on adult development One of his most
famous theories was his idea of three components of personality
Id, Ego, Superego Impulsive, irrational, and selfish
Seeks immediate gratification
Most infants are id
Only want pleasure
Absent of moral and ethical behavior Ego Rational side of personality
Cognitive processes
Problem solving
Perception
Learning
Realistic way of gratification Superego Moral standards
Develops from ego at ages 3-6
Internal voice that set societies rules
Guilt and shame control behavior
Finds socially acceptable solutions Freud's view on personality development
suggest that the id, ego, and superego are
constantly fighting. This creates a balance
that forms your personality


Another major idea that Freud developed
was his psychosexual theory. This theory
suggest that development is mostly biological;
or nature, as opposed to nurture. Psychosexual Development There are 5 psychosexual stages that are split up by age

Oral Stage (Birth-1 year)
In this stage, libido (psychic energy of sex instinct) is focused on the mouth as a source of pleasure. It is important to find oral gratification from the mother.
Anal Stage (1-3 years)
Libido is focused on the anus. Potty training creates a conflict between biological urges and society's demand
Phallic Stage (3-6 years)
Libido focuses on genitals. During this stage, the child seeks identification from same-sex parent.
Latent Stage (6-12 years)
Libido is quiet; psychic energy is focused on school and friends
Genital Stage (12 years or older)
Puberty reawakens sexual instincts to establish sexual relationships and ultimately pursue reproduction Conclusion In conclusion, Sigmund Freud believed
that nature (biological) is more influential
than nurture (social). Erikson had a similar developmental theory
to Freud's psychosexual theory. Except, Erikson's
theory focused on social aspects. It also had eight
stages as opposed to five. This theory was called
psychosocial theory. Freud's psychosexual theory ends at age 12. Erikson's psychosocial theory continues to follow human development until age 65. This is a major
difference between the two theories. Conclusion In conclusions, Erik Erikson, believed that social
aspects have a greater influence than biological
aspects. Erikson believed nurture was more
important than nature. The final four stages of Erikson's Theory
Identity vs. Role Confusion (12-20 years)
Adolescents find out who they are (social and vocational identities); otherwise, they will be confused about their future roles
Intimacy vs. Isolation (20-40 years)
Young adults seek a to form shared identity with another person; but sometimes fear intimacy and that causes loneliness and isolation
Generativity vs. Stagnation (40-65 years)
Middle-aged adults must produce something that will outlive them, as partners or workers. Or they will become self-centered
Integrity vs. Despair (65 or older)
Older adults must come to view their lives as meaningful to face death without regrets Nature vs Nurture Freud
Psychosexual Erikson
Psychosocial Summary
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