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Islam

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by

Rachel Buechel

on 16 May 2016

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Transcript of Islam

Islam
Similarities to Christianity and Judaism:
Monotheists (One God)
Believe in angels, heaven, hell, Day of Judgement
Originated in the Middle East
See themselves as children of Abraham
View Christians and Jews as "People of the Book"
Five Pillars Of Islam (Main Beliefs)
Islam
Christianity
and Judaism
1. The Testimony of Faith - Shahada
2. Prayer
3. Giving Zakat
4. Ramadan
5. Pilgrimage (Hajj) to Mecca
Have the 10 Commandments
Have 5 Pillars
Qur'an
Old Testament/
Torah
Holy City = Mecca
Holy City =
Jerusalem
“La ilaha illa Allah, Muhammadur rasoolu Allah.”

There is no true god but God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God.

Considered the most important pillar
Pray in Islam = direct link between God and the worshipper

Five prayers done everyday, each doesn't take more the a few minutes and is done facing in the direction of Mecca.

Done at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset and night.
Zakat = purification, growth

Support of the Needy, a person may give as much as they please as voluntary aims/charity

No specific percentage is given in the Qur'an, but 2.5% on capital assets (money) is common
Fasting from dawn to sundown (no food or drink)

Regarded as a method of spiritual self-purification, gaining true sympathy with those who are hungry and growth in spiritual life

Ramadan in 2016 = June 5 - July 5
Once in a lifetime obligation to those who are physically and financially able

About 2 million people travel to Mecca annually

Annual hajj is in the 12th month of the Islamic calendar, expected to be September 9-14 in 2016
Role in Daily Life
Clothing
Encourages dressing modestly, reduces showing off one's body and sexual temptation

Muslim women often wear a scarf/hijab to cover their hair, some opt to cover their entire body, leaving just enough so they can see (burqa)

Men are encouraged to dress in loose-fitting clothes, and some wear a head covering (kufi)
Prohibitions
Haram = forebidden

Examples: drinking alcohol, using mind-altering drugs, consuming pork, disrespecting family members, being uncharitable to widows and orphans
Interacting with Others
Told to be welcoming and forgiving of everyone; greet other Muslims by saying "As-salamu alaykum", or "Peace be with you"

Ideal mindset is someone who is blind to faults and does good deeds to those who have done them wrong

Also important to spread the Muslim faith, but in a peaceful and gentle manner

Rachel Buechel
Full transcript