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Transcript of BUDDHISM
"He will deliver by the boat of knowledge the distressed world."
the four noble truths
1 - life is suffering (dissatisfaction, anxiety, etc.) (dukkah)
2 - dukkah is caused by craving, the condition of ignorance
3 - dukkah can be overcome OR suffering will end when craving and clinging cease
4 - the way to overcome suffering is the Eightfold Path
"dhama has nothing to do with the dogma that the world is eternal; and it has nothing to do with the other dogma that the world is not eternal. For whether the world is eternal or otherwise, birth, old age, death, sorrow, pain, misery, grief, and despair exist. I am concerned with the extinction of these."
from the Dhammapada
Founder, teacher born as Siddhartha Gautama of the Shakya Clan, warrior caste
Nepal, 560-480 BCE
mother dreamt of a white elephant who impregnated her
took 7 steps and announced his Buddha nature
the prophecy + the four sights
from householder to renunciate
samsara: the six realms of rebirth
temptation of Mara
personification of the three poisons
"Mind attains the Unconditioned. Achieved is the End of Craving"
from atman to anatman
anitya - impermanence
anatman - no separate, permanent self; rather the human being is an impermanent composite of interdependent physical, emotional, and cognitive components
suffering is useful because it shows us how things truly are - impermanent
the Noble Eightfold Path
1 - right understanding
2 - right thought or motivation
3 - right speech
4 - right action
5 - right livelihood
6 - right effort
7 - right mindfulness
8 - right meditation
the five precepts
1 - avoid destroying life
2 - stealing
3 - sexual misconduct
4 - lying
5 - intoxicants
Way of the Elders, Path of Mindfulness
canon - authoritative collection of writings
Tipitaka - Three Baskets
1 - Dharma teachings
2 - rules of monastic discipline
3 - scholastic treatises
The Triple Gem
1 - the Buddha
2 - the Dharma
3 - the Sangha
a person is said to take refuge in...
meditation + devotion
samatha (calm abiding)
temples. shrines. stupas. philanthropy.
the Great Vehicle, the path of compassion and wisdom
2011, Chogye or Jogye Order, Korean Zen
the Great Vehicle
arises ca. first century CE
New scriptures in the form of Sutras
New conception of the Buddha(s)
New goal - the Bodhisattva and the liberation of all sentient beings
Emphasis on "skillful means"
East Asia: China, Korea, Japan
Trikaya :: Three Bodies of the Buddha
1 - Dharma/truth body - formless enlightened mind or wisdom of a Buddha
2 - Spiritual/enjoyment body - transfigured body, bliss body resulting from spiritual practice
3 - Earth/Manifest Body - the emanation body that appears on earth (the historic Buddha) - countless forms and incarnations
sunyata :: emptiness
connected to the recognition of impermanence
the world of phenomena is empty of true or inherent existence
goal is the realization of emptiness
not that we do nothing, but that one is not attached to the outcomes
Zen. zazen. kensho. koan.
Pure Land. Amida Buddha. Mountains.
the indestructible path
His Holiness, the 14th Dalai Lama
Nepal, Sikkim, Mongolia, Tibetan Diaspora, increasingly in the West
3-8th centuries CE
tantras (in Sanskrit) - ancient esoteric teachings and practices could date back to ca. 2500 BCE
visualization, ritual, mantras, mudras, mandalas, union of male and female energies, perhaps ritual intercourse
Tibetan Buddhism :: aspiration
1 - quieting of the mind
2 - intensive training - compassion and wisdom
3 - Vajrayana (the diamond vehicle) + Tantrayana (rigorous accelerated path to reach enlightenment in a single lifetime)
lamas - qualified teachers
Translate either one of the aspects of the Eightfold Path or one of the five precepts into a principle or goal for a university mission statement or code of ethics.
in the 10th century under Atisha
sometimes incarnate bodhisattvas
discovered and trained from a young age