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The Oral Approach
Transcript of The Oral Approach
- the Oral Approach is relied on the structural view of language - both speech and structure were seen to be the basis of language and, especially, speaking ability;
- structures must be presented in situations in which they could be used outside the classroom by students;
- it is a type of behaviorist habit-learning theory; (language learning as habit formation)
- teaching adopts an inductive approach to the teaching of grammar
- the meaning of words or structures is not to be given through explanation in either the native tongue or the target language but it is to be induced from the way the form is used in a situation
The learner is expected
to apply the language learned
in a classroom to situations
outside the classroom. THEORY OF LANGUAGE - language in the classroom was viewed as purposeful activity related to goals and situations in the real world. THEORY OF LEARNING Material is taught orally before
it is presented in written form
what is good for proper pronunciation Items of grammar are graded following the principle that simple forms should be taught before complex ones. It gives students a chance for better understanding of the grammatical material The approach has theoretical principles guiding the selection of content which result in a less-confusing sequence of learning events with better contextualization of the vocabulary and grammatical patterns presented ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES Focus is primarily given to speech which was regarded as the basis of language and structure was viewed as being the heart of speaking ability. This led to less importance to other abilities such as writing. This method has been criticized for being time-consuming. Its insistence on giving the meaning of words and structures through dramatization, demonstration and association without resorting to the mother tongue has led
to the using of roundabout techniques which are time wasting (Al-Mutawa & Kailani, 1989). The learner is expected to deduce the meaning of a particular structure or vocabulary item from the situation in which it is presented which might lead to confusion on the part of the learner and misunderstanding. `` The learner is expected to apply the language learned in the classroom to situations outside the classroom. The problem here is that it is not guaranteed that learners would apply what they have learned, and even if they are willing to do so it is not guaranteed that they would be able to do it especially in countries where the language learned is not used frequently. Errors are not tolerated. This could cause stress which may hinder the learning process. Accuracy in both pronunciation and grammar are regarded as crucial. THE ORAL APPROACH