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BRUNEI CASE STUDY - MANGROVE FOREST DESTRUCTION
Transcript of BRUNEI CASE STUDY - MANGROVE FOREST DESTRUCTION
MANGROVE FOREST DESTRUCTION & MANAGEMENT
Characterized by shallow water with heavy growths of aquatic or semi-aquatic plants and relatively thick organic deposits.
Brackish water and mudflats
WETLAND? WHAT IS IT?
Tree species- Rhizophora & Avicennia Marina
Roots are growing upwards.
Resistance to tidal wave and to degree immersion of saltwater
WHAT IS MANGROVE FOREST?
Definitions - Wetland and Mangrove forest
Environmental issue - Brunei endangered ecosystem
1) Because of the closure to the mouth of the river and the sea - unbalanced depositions
2) impacts from human activities - littering,cockles hunting and housing development nearby.
The mangrove trees are dying and turned to white
Mangrove area in Kg Bengkurong (village) destroyed.
1) Destroyed the precious unique habitat
2) Disturbed the ecosystem
3) Endangered proboscis monkey (long-big nose) affected.
4) Losses to some flora and fauna species.
Nurul IzzahHazwani Haji Hamzah (Environmental Studies)
Ryu Ae Sol (Business and Management)
Ju Seon Yeung (Business and Management)
1) To extend and widen up the Brunei River.
2) Housing and Recreation development
Brunei Mangrove Destructions - the reasons are:-
1) Development- increasing urban growth sprawls
2) Human exploitations for wood and charcoal
3) Unbalanced depositions of the rivers/streams
4) Pond culture for shrimp farming production
why do we need to protect the mangrove forest?
1) It offers breeding grounds for small fishes and prawns-deaths to fishing resources
2) It is usually composed of many different unique species of flora and fauna.
3) It acts as tidal wave breakers/wall barriers from storm surges.
4) Unique ecosystem that provide foodchains to the living organisms in the ecosystem.
5) Their roots help to absorbs the carbon in the air.
6) It is a favourable place for eco-tourist attraction
1) Eco-friendly tourism development-building resorts for toursts attraction.
2) Planting new mangrove seedlings at suitable areas.
3) digging the mouth of the river at meragang beach to let the river flow smoothly.
4) Use zonation scheme-limit plots for prawn farming company.
5) Brunei is promoting the River safari tourism in order to protect the mangroves.
6) ARBC offers proposal to brunei for International Coastal Conservation Resouces