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Russian Chechnya Conflicts
Transcript of Russian Chechnya Conflicts
Advantages: lots of land, resources, and people.
Disadvantages: separatists views, and only a small portion of country makes all the decisions Overview Who?
Citizens of Chechnya vs. the Russian government.
Conflict broke out in the 1800's; continues today. Bibliography Shape of Chechnya Type of State Russia is a multinational state.
Russia has citizens that are: Russian, Tatar, Ukrainian, Chuvash , Bashkir, Byelorussian , Moldavian ethnicities.
There are large variations of religions practiced, from Russian Orthodox, Muslim, and Christian. Location of the Conflict Brooke& Olivia Chechnya and Russian Conflict What's the goal?
The Chechnyans want to gain independence. Shape: Compact Advantages:
Geographically compact, all areas equidistant from the center. Disadvantages:
Small, lack of resources. Who Borders Russia? Norway
North Korea Russia's Natural Resources Oil
Large fish and water reserves
Large mineral mines
Lots of Aluminum, and Titanium
Lots of Iron and Nickle
Lots of Tungsten and Mercury
Where is conflict occurring? Why were they fighting? The original goal was to find the hiding bandits in the Caucasus Mnts.
Chechens wanted an Islamic state within Russia, then terrorist groups formed.
After the Soviet Union broke up, the president, Yeltsin tried to use military force .
It failed miserably, in 1996, they gave up.
1996, a peace agreement was reached.
1996, Chechnya was granted statehood, but peace was never reached Timeline (Part Two) Why are they fighting?
The Russian government was trying to find the bandits hiding in the bordering mountains.
BBC News. BBC, 07 Oct. 2006. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"THE CONFLICT BETWEEN RUSSIA AND CHECHNYA." THE CONFLICT BETWEEN RUSSIA AND CHECHNYA. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"Russia - Natural Resources." Russia - Natural Resources. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"Russia: Annotated Timeline Of The Chechen Conflict." RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"Russia, Chechnya and Terrorism." About.com Terrorism Issues. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
600 mile stretch.
Between the Caspian and Black Sea.
Southwest corner of the Russian Federation.
Between Russia and Georgia Centripetal Forces Putin attempted to maintain a federal government.
Putin amended the constitution to set up an autonomy (separate state).
1996 peace treaty.
Attempts as peaceful successions. Timeline (Part One) 1858: After 30 years of violence, Chechnya is conquered by Russia.
1944: Stalin in collaboration with Nazi Germany deports Chechen population to Siberia
1991: Fall of Soviet Union, Chechnya is declared an independent state.
1991-2006: The separatists group led by Baseyev grew, when he committed a terrorist attack, then publicize the Chechen cause.
1994: The first Chechen and Russian war started.
1996: Russian government granted them statehood in a peace treaty
1999: The second Chechen war started.
2001: Caught, and jailed a separatist leader, Salman Raduyev.
2002-2003: Terrorism continues in the forms of movie shooting, and later suicide bombers.
2012: Terrorism continues in October with gunmen attack parliament, killing four people before being killed themselves.
Centrifugal Forces Religious conflicts.
Chechnya wanted to form an Islamic state.
Different wars never getting closure. Our Opinion We think that the largest challenges that are facing are different types of cultural adversities. While Chechnya has a different religion, and a different language. We also think that Russia's desire to be as large as possible, and wanted to keep Chechnya for resources, is also a large factor in the unrest within the country.
We think that the outcome of this conflict is that Chechnya will get its independence, because right now, right now Chechnya has the upper hand, and has the stronger forces, and the attention of the Russian government is divided, and Russia has so much going on. Outside Forces United Nations, and the United States.
Post 9/11, US declared war on terror, the Russian leader, Putin, disassembled anti-Russian terrorist groups.
In July 2002, the UN stopped the foreign going to Chechnya because a Russian aid worker had been kidnapped. Classifying the Dispute The border between Chechnya and Russia is the Caucasus Mountains.
It is a Positional/Locational border because the mountains are a physical feature that divides the two regions.
No need of physical demarcation because the mountains already serve as a physical boundary.