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Minister of Children and Youth
Transcript of Minister of Children and Youth
Presented By: Kevin Chiu
WHAT IS IT ?
Root Word: Globalize
The process by which the world is becoming increasingly interconnected as a result of massively increased trade and cultural exchange.
Globalization has increased the production of goods and services. The biggest companies are no longer national firms but multinational corporations with subsidiaries in many countries.
Globalization is supposed to mean the integration of people, ideas, and systems across the globe but usually represents companies that make, sell, and buy products from different countries
Globalization has been taking place for hundreds of years, but has speedup up enormously over the last half-century due to the advancement of technology and new demands of the economy for the human race to thrive and to advance.
A worldwide market to target and people can get products from all different countries where they are either scares or important to life. Reduces the costs and prices of goods and services to buyers, it improves the productivity and technology of our innovated world. Creates more jobs for the nation while providing more income worldwide. It stimulates trades between countries and increase the well-being of individuals on earth. Slowly solves problems like unemployment and poverty to keep the human race flourish with its enchantment of speedy travels, mass communication and quick dissemination of information eg. Internet. A way to keep inflation cap on price and for the living standards to go up . An inward investment
Eg. American companies like Nike has been recognized world-wide and has became a multi-billionaire company with the cheap apparel they can make and sell it for two folds plus. Great for the American economy to prosper!
Companies are getting more and more power and are influencing political decisions and that some countries individual cultures are being overpowered. Developed countries are loosing jobs when companies outsource to underdeveloped countries for cheep labor. Makes the rich richer and keeps the poor, poor. Also many of these corporations commit social injustices like using child labor or forcing people to work in sweat shops with terrible conditions. They become victim of exploitation due to lower wage rates. Creates economic criminals and pirates so that the law can't cover. Might lead to incursion of communicable diseases across various nations.Social welfare schemes are under great pressure in developed countries because of deficits and other economic ramifications of globalization
Eg. The countries that makes Nike apparel like China, Vietnam, Indonesia and Mexico. Countries like these gain from employment from these plants, but the people who work in them suffer, in conditions like sweatshop and manual labor who are not given the same working conditions like in developing countries
Pros and Cons Battle
Equal Benefits ?
An absence of strictly enforced international laws means that TNCs (Transnational Corporations) may operate in developing countries in a way that would not be allowed in an developed country. They may pollute the environment, run risks with safety or impose poor working conditions and low wages on local workers. There are no guarantees that the wealth from inward investment will benefit the local community. Often, profits are sent back to the developed countries where the TNCs are based. With their massive economies of scale, may drive local companies out of business who are less likely to be able tom compete. If it becomes cheaper to operate in another country, the TNC might close down the factory and make local people redundant. Globalization operates mostly in the interests of the richest countries, which continue to dominate world trade at the expense of developing countries. The role of developing country in the world market is mostly to provide the North and West with cheap labor and raw materials.
The demand for labor in third world countries is not to be "wealthy," it is TO STAY ALIVE! Because of the discontents of globalization, people in third world countries are living off of on dollar a day. 15% of the world's population is living off of $1 a day. It is not creating a demand for labor! It is making families sell their children into labor, slavery, and prostitution.
Impact on Environment ?
Globalization may help to make people more aware of global issues such as deforestation and global warming - and alert them to the need for sustainable development. Environmentalist concerns with globalization include issues such as global warming, climate change, global water supply and water crises, inequity in energy consumption and energy conservation, transnational air pollution and pollution of the world ocean, overpopulation, world habitat sustainability,deforestation, biodiversity and species extinction.
Globalization is restructuring control over resources in such a way that the natural resources of the poor are systematically taken over by the rich and the pollution promulgated by the rich is systematically dumped on the poor. For example, 90 percent of historic carbon dioxide emissions have been by the industrialized countries. As the need for natural resources like oil, lumber, silver, copper increases due to the demand of the world economy and globalization. Mother nature has been badly effected by its terms of the human desire to make money. As globalization plays a really negative effect on the environment, companies are starting to be aware and changing its company motto to be more "greener"
Impact on Culture?
Globalization is viewed by many as a threat to the world's cultural diversity. It is feared it might drown out local economies, traditions and languages and simply re-cast the whole world in the mould of the capitalist North and West. An example of this is that a Hollywood film is far more likely to be successful worldwide than one made in India or China, which also have thriving film industries. Globalization increases or reduces cultural diversity or homogenization. For many, the influences of Western culture through TV, cinema advertising, radio, etc. are substituting for and competing with local and minority cultures. This is like a whole book on itself since there is so much to cover on how people are effected by new technological advances and how they will adapt to fit in the new modern world we live in today and how that will change the traditional or culture that they once knew. Within the last century, it wouldn't be hard to see the difference since the whole world is globalizing with ad campaigns changing peoples taste in food, 3C products, lesiurs and lifestyle. Other impacts might be religions points of view, music style and heritage. While playing its interdependency of political personal, cultures and economical factors
Searching for Globalization Captain!!
I think I see it!!
Are WE there yet?
"The UN Development Program reports that the richest 20 percent of the world's population consume 86 percent of the world's resources, while the poorest 80 percent consume just 14 percent." -UN Report
Why it matters to Canada?
Globalization is seen in Canadian politics and policies with possible merging of the Toronto stock exchange with the London one as well as free trade agreements. These changes have both good and bad repercussions in Canada, merging of the stock markets will allow it to become part of a larger international body and get support from others, but with that comes the loss of local jurisdiction and control. As for free trade agreements, it would give Canada better access to goods and services outside of Canada but would also mean that Canada would have to bend more to the will of other, bigger countries, as Canada would be the smaller partner. Policies would have to change to incorporate these things and probably will be as the conservatives have a majority and are for free trade and Canada taking a bigger part in the international market, even though the NDP is against big business and the liberals are torn between liberalized trade and protecting domestic interests.
My view is that globalization has played a very important role in where our society stands today, although some practices and thoughts are deems wrong in this society. Our society today is very accomplished in where it stands, I believe that globalization has definitely redefined Canada as a whole, since there is so much land, and as a multicultural society, Canada as a nation would benefit as it connects the world closer. As Canada's geographical stands, most of Canadians globalization happens near the Atlantic Coast and the Pacific coast for easier trades, in some ways Canada has benefited from the rising economy to its dollar value right behind the US, but in some ways; local business and shops are unable to compete with these giants. And the tradition of farmers market, Stevston fishery and self owned small business are collapsing today very rapid due to the changing globalization and economy,
The developed countries produce 90 percent of the hazardous wastes produced around the world every year. Global free trade has globalized this environmental destruction in an asymmetric pattern. Some argue the economy is controlled by Northern corporations and they are increasingly exploiting resources of less wealthy countries for their global activities while it is the South that is disproportionately bearing the environmental burden of the globalized economy. Globalization is thus leading to a type of environmental apartheid.
When large industrialized nations seek to set up factories or offices abroad, they will often look for the cheapest option in terms of resources and labor that offers the land and material access they require. Companies that choose to physically invest in foreign countries tend to locate to the countries with the lowest environmental standards or weakest enforcement.
Coca-Cola and how its globalization :) INTERESTING
"The RECIPROCITY agreement between Canada and the US, signed in 1854 and in effect from 1855 to 1866, provided for FREE TRADE in a large number of natural products and helped to shift Canadian trade to a north-south pattern."
In the early years of CONFEDERATION, Canadian politicians conceived of Canada as a global nation. Canada sent immigration agents and trade commissioners abroad long before it opened its first diplomatic mission. Both Liberals and Conservatives sought a return to reciprocity, but were rebuffed by the US.
"Conservative Prime Minister John A. MACDONALD decided to travel in a different direction, implementing the NATIONAL POLICY of high tariffs, beginning in 1879. The policy won little support in the West and the Maritimes, but was popular in central Canada, home to most Canadian manufacturers."
In the 19th century, the Canadian economy began to transform from a colonial to a continental one. In the 1840s, Britain abandoned the mercantilist system that had given preference to imports from the colonies, including Canada. Having lost its special access, Canada had to compete with other counties, including the US, when selling goods to Britain. In response, Canada sought new markets to the south.
A Closer Look
1. "Business Globe ." businessweek.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2014. <http://www.businessweek.com/2000/00_17/b3678003.htm>.
2. "FivePropositions." unep. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2014. <http://www.unep.org/gc/gc24/docs/FivePropositions.pdf>.
3. "Globalization." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/en/article/globalization/>.
4. "Globalization." WHO. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <http://www.who.int/trade/glossary/story043/en/>.
5. "Globalization Index charting tool." 2012 Globalization tool. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <http://www.ey.com/GL/en/Issues/Driving-growth/Globalization---Looking-beyond-the-obvious---Tool#view=overview&sort=rating-descending&jump=>.
6. "Globalization#Culture." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Globalization#Culture>.
7. "Globe." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/globalisation/globalisation_rev1.shtml>.
8. "Manufacturing . net." Manufacturing . net. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2014. <http://www.manufacturing.net/articles/2010/06/the-pros-and-cons-of-globalization>.
9. "UK News." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/globalisation/globalisation_rev4.shtml>.
10. "globalization." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/globalization?s=t>.
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Thanks for watching this presentation :)
Eg. Nike apparel is 100% sweatshop material. They KNOW they are exploiting millions of workers (children and adults) who are not getting paid a fair wage, working in terrible conditions, and are dying because their families are unable to sustain to the water, food and nourishment that they require to just be living. No strict laws in these countries has made developed countries to break down tariffs and taxes when setting up new plants in devloping countries
In short, globalization has changed the 21st century as we know; rapidly and expanding. There are goods to this whole new notion of countries become closer for the greater needs of humanity, although there is a lot to look forward in globalization; there are also some downsides that could devastate the worlds as a whole is laws do not prevent such damage. I believe that globalization has redefined the world to how we live today, and how our society functions with exponential advances in medicine, technology and machinery. Globalization has reach every corner of the earth wither they know it or not. May the future look brighter and prosperous.
The Other View of SweatShop
Though maybe the music would put you in a mood mood :P
I choose very lively colors for my presentation hoping to make it more entertaining and eye catching for the presentation C: