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Great Lakes Project

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Brady Dickens

on 20 February 2013

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Transcript of Great Lakes Project

Great Lakes Extravaganza

By: Brady Dickens and Sam Gipe
Hour: 1 Table Of Contents Intro.................................................Slide 1
Table of Contents..........................Slide 2
Great Lakes Info............................Slide 3-5
Lakes and Surface Runoff............Slide 6-23
Water Cycle...................................Slide 24-26
Water Flow in Great Lakes..........Slide 27-30
Drainage Basins...........................Slide 31-35
Dredging Harbors........................Slide 36-37
Extra Slides..................................Slide 38-46
Bibliography................................Slide 47-48 Lake Michigan Lake Superior Lake Huron k Lake Superior Lake Erie Dimensions Lake Ontario Length:350 mi (560 km)
Width: 160 mi (260 km)
Avg. Depth: 483 ft (147 m)
Max Depth: 1,335 ft (407 m)
Volume: 2,900 cu mi (12,000 km3)
Surface Area: 31,700 sq mi (82,000 km2) Bibliography:
1.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Lakes
2.http://www.watershedcouncil.org/water%20resources/great%20lakes/
3.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two_Hearted_River
4.http://chopzblog.wordpress.com/agricultural-waste/the-great-lakes/
5.http://www.enchantedlearning.com/usa/statesbw/greatlakes.shtml
6.http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/literature/hemingway-short-stories/summary-analysis/big-two-hearted-river-part-i.html
7.http://www.minsocam.org/msa/collectors_corner/vft/mi2a.htm
8.http://www.wunderground.com/blog/NorthLight/comment.html?entrynum=0
9.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Michigan
10.http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/superior/superiorfacts.html
11.http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/astronomy/planets/earth/Watercycle.shtml
12.http://naturemoms.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/lake-erie.jpg
13.http://www.michiganslakes.com/Lake%20Huron11.jpg
14.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zebra_mussel
15.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Grass.Carp2web.jpg The Great Lakes were formed about ten thousand years ago when the last glacial period ended. This happen because the last of the ice sheets melted and the Great Lakes was filled with melted water. Now, The great lakes were formed by the melting of
glaciers during the last ice age. The ice sheets have carved basins into the lakes so now they can function correctly. This happened about 10,000 years ago. The great lakes were starting to form as melted water. Now, the great lakes are a great resource for trade, energy and tourism. An example of one of the great lakes...
Lake Michigan Facts The Two Hearted River flows into the ocean by taking many paths to get there. The mouth of the Two Hearted River flows into Lake Superior. After that water travels a long way, a little strait that connects Lake Superior and Huron comes and the water enters Lake Huron. The water enters the St. Clair river then lake. The Detroit river then comes which flows to Lake Erie. Next, the water travels from Lake Erie to the Niagara river to Lake Ontario. Lastly, the St. Lawrence river takes the water to the Atlantic Ocean. This is a large resource for trade and shipping to other countries. 1. Its the largest fresh water lake by surface area
2. The surface area is more than the combined areas of Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire
3. Lake superior has more water than all the lakes combined
4. Lake superior contains 10% of earths fresh water Not only does water travel from the Two Hearted River, it also travels through the Grand River. The Grand River starts in Michigan where the river connects to Lake Michigan. The water enters Lake Michigan and travels all the way up to where the water travels under the Mackinaw Bridge and the lake is now Lake Huron. Now the process is the same as the Two Hearted River, the water enters Lake St. Clair then the Detroit River. The Detroit River then becomes Lake Erie. Next comes Lake Ontario and the St. Lawerence River and the water is now in the Atlantic Ocean. The Two Hearted River Water flows into Lake Superior into the
little canal to get into Lake Huron. St. Lawrence River into the Atlantic Ocean St. Clair River Lake Erie Lake Ontario Drainage Basin
of Lake Superior Picture of Lake Superior Cross section view of Lake Superior A drainage basin is an extent or an area of land where surface water from rain and melting snow or ice converges to a single point, usually the exit of the basin, where the waters join another waterbody, such as a river or lake. This is basically saying that when it snows or rains, the water from this travels off into another body of water. This usually occurs at the drainage basin. Lake Michigan Dimensions Facts Length: 307 miles
Width: 118 miles
Avg. Depth: 279 ft
Max Depth: 923 ft
Volume: 1180 cubic miles
Surface Area: 22,400 square miles 1. Lake Michigan is the only great lake
within all of the US.
2. Lake Michigan is the sixth largest
lake in the world
3. Lake Michigan is connected to Lake
Superior and the Straits of Mackinaw so
they are technically one lake
4. Lake Michigan is great for salmon and
trout fishing Depth
Chart
Of the
Great
Lakes Lake Huron Dimensions Facts Length: 206 mi (332 km)
Width: 183 mi (295 km)
Avg. Depth: 195 ft (59 m)
Max Depth: 750 ft (229 m)
Volume: 850 cu mi (3,543 km3)
Surface Area: 23,000 sq mi (59,600 km2) 1. Lake Huron is the second largest Great lake by surface area
2. Lake Huron is the fifth largest fresh water lake in the world
3. Lake Huron has 30,000 islands
4. Lake Huron was the first great lake discovered by european explorers Lake Michigan Lake Michigan
Drainage Basin Lake Huron Lake Erie Dimensions Facts Length: 241 mi (388 km)
Width: 57 mi (92 km)
Avg. Depth: 62 ft (19 m)
Max Depth: 210 ft (64 m)
Volume: 116 cu mi (480 km3)
Surface Area: 9,940 sq mi (25,744 km2) 1. Lake Erie is the smallest lake by volume
2. Lake Erie freezes in the winter
3. Lake Erie Has the most populated basin, out of all the lakes
4. Lake Erie has a very fertile basin, and there is lots of farming The water from the Clinton River basin will always
have water that enters the ocean. The Clinton River connects to the St. Clair River which connects to the Detroit River. The water enters Lake Erie and Ontario and travels up the St. Lawrence River as it enters the Atlantic Ocean. This water travels the same way as all of the other water by traveling into the great lakes. Lake Erie basin Lake Erie I think that the idea of the Dredging Harbors is a great thing. Although it may cost a lot of money, I believe that it is a good cause. It will save our harbors for trade and tourism. There are many harbors with this problem and it will shut down many things that go on in this world. The trade or shipping is a big part of receiving goods. If that and tourism went down, lots of money will go down the drain. These are the some of the most important things to show that I believe dredging the harbors is a great idea! Dredging Harbors Bibliography Drainage Basin- Watershed Water Flow Through the Great Lakes Surface Runoff With Great Lakes Lake Huron
Drainage Basin Intro To Great Lakes Extra Slides Water Cycle The water cycle is a process in which the water on earth is being shifted around into different stages/sections of the earth. The water cycle (also known as the hydrologic cycle) is an example of the life cycle, except with water. This water starts on the land with a river or a mountain. The river flows into a ocean which the water then evaporates and turns into water vapor. That evaporation is then condensed which is turned into clouds. This also happens to plants but that is called transpiration instead of evaporation. When these clouds meet cool air over the land, the tiny droplets become precipitation. Precipitation is the process when tiny droplets become rain, sleet, snow, etc. Once this element is dropped to the ground, the whole process starts over all again. If the water cycle was taken out of the earth, there would be no earth. Living Organisms need water to survive, so without water, the biosphere would be destroyed. This also goes for the atmosphere and lithosphere, they would have no use. Without the water cycle all of the spheres of the earth would be destroyed or have no use. Also, if the water cycle was destroyed the weather/climate on the earth would not be able to function in the right way. The precipitation on earth would not happen so there would be no rain, sleet or snow. As you can see, without the water and the water cycle, the earth as we know it would definitely not be the same. Lake Erie Lake Huron Lake
Champlain Lake Champlain should not be considered the 6th great lake. All of the numbers tell me that Lake Champlain is to small to be considered a great lake. Here are the numbers:

Depth: 19.5 meters
Length: 201 kilometers
Width: 23 kilometers
Surface Area: 1269 kilometers squared
Volume: 25.8 kilometers cubed

Using these measurements tell me that Lake Champlain should not be considered the sixth great lake. The Erie Canal was built and opened in October of 1826. It was built to create a navigable route from the Atlantic Ocean into the great lakes. The Erie Canal is located from Albany, New York to Buffalo, New York connecting the Hudson River to Lake Erie. The Erie Canal has made a great trade route to the ocean. It also has made many tourists happy to travel on. Overall the Erie Canal is a great canal.

Erie Canal Purple Loosestrife is one of the non-native that is in the great lakes. It is a plant that can take over many animals/plants habitats. We need to get rid of that so all of them will not become extinct and have no living organisms in the lakes. Asian Carp is another type of species that are trying to get into the great lakes. These are a mess, they will eat everything which will destroy all animals and everything will be extinct. We do not want them here. Lastly, zebra mussels are a bad thing that needs to be gone. The zebra mussels stick to things and destroy habitats. They also bite feet! As you can see, these species need to be removed from the great lakes. Zebra
Mussels Purple
Loosestrife Asian
Carp
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