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Chapter 8 - Section 1 - Classical Greece

introduction
by

Ben Robinson

on 12 May 2015

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Transcript of Chapter 8 - Section 1 - Classical Greece

Chapter 8 - Section 1
Athens
Sparta
Democracy
500 B.C.

Devoted to
Military Power

Great Public Speaker
Honest
Ethical
Leader of Athens for 31 years
"The Age of Pericles"
Three Main Goals
1. Strengthen Athen's Democracy
2. Expand Athen's Power
3. Beautify Athens
Change the Balance of Power
More power to the Poor
Less power to the rich
"Everyone is equal before the law. What counts is public service not membership of a particular class, but the actual ability which the man possess."
To be a Citizen
free male
over 18
son of Athenian father
Pericles Change
both parent must be Athenian
Paid Public Office
Before Pericles
Public Servants did not get paid
so only the wealthy could work in
the Athenian government.
Pericles Changes
Increased the number of
people who got paid so even
the poor could serve in
the Athenian government and juries.
Direct Democracy
All citizens participated in
running the government
Propose new laws or vote on laws
United States
Republic
Elect Representatives
Take care of government Business
and propose and vote on laws
Expanding the Empire
Delian League
The Delian League was founded after the time of the Battle of Marathon, in 490 BC, in order to protect Greece against the 'Persian Threat'. What this meant was that many of the city-states in the Mainland and the Islands, notably Thrace, Delos, and Athens, banded together to protect themselves. Athens was the most powerful, and thus most of the city-states provided money to build up the Athenian Navy, instead of providing their own ships or troops. Delos was chosen to be the official site of the Delian League because it was centrally located and also considered to be neutral to the city-states. In response to the growing power of the Delian League, the Spartans formed their own land power, known as the Peloponnesian League. Over a period of ten years, the tensions between the naval power of the Delian League, and the land power of the Pelo League eventually erupted into war, which became the famous Peloponnesian Wars.
Athen Dominates the Delian League
Athenian Navy the strongest
in the Mediterranean region
Athens took control of the Delian League
Some worried about the Persian stealing the riches from the treasury in Delos.
So they moved the Delion's League treasury
from
Delos Island
to
Athens
The transfer made Athens stronger
Athens treated others allies as conquered people.
City-states became part of the Athenian empire
Beautifying Athens
Athens
In Ruins
After The
War With
Persia
Pericles Wants to Rebuild Athens
Greek City-States
Tribute used to "strengthen" the
military fire power of the
Delian League
Pericles used the
money to
beautify Athens
Other city-states angry
Where's
our Money?
Artist

Architects

Sculptors
How Pericles used the money.
They don't look like ships
The Acropolis
Temples Monuments Buildings
Parthenon
Athena's Temple
Peloponnesian War
Athens
Sparta
Democratic
Government
Military
Strength
Factors that led to War
Athens Grab for Power
Naval Empire
Spend the Delian Money
Pericles Punished the City-States that Resisted
Peloponnesian League
The War Rages
-Sparta-
Better land forces
-Sparta-
Located inland
-Athens-
Better Navy
-Athens-
Strong Harbor - More Money
The
Strategies
-Athens-
Keep the
fighting at Sea
-Sparta-
Keep the
fighting on Land
Block the Spartan's Land Attack.
Cut off Athen's
Food Supply
Pericles brought the
Athenians into the city
for protection
Athens became overcrowed
A plague Broke out
Pericles Dies
After 10 years
Athens and Sparta
Signed a truce
Athens attack Sicily
Sparta counter-attacks
Spartans and Persians
attack Athens
-Athens Surrenders-
Consequence
of the
War

Lasted
27
years
Cities and Crops
Destroyed
Thousand
of
Greeks
died
Economic
and
Military
Losses
King Philip II
comes to power
in Macedonia
Classical Greece
Pericles and Athens
EXIT
Athens determined to protect overseas trade
Delos Island
City-States paid
a Tribute
Pericles


http://study.com/academy/lesson/pericles-the-delian-league-and-the-athenian-golden-age.html
Full transcript