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Chapter 8 - Section 1 - Classical Greece
Transcript of Chapter 8 - Section 1 - Classical Greece
Great Public Speaker
Leader of Athens for 31 years
"The Age of Pericles"
Three Main Goals
1. Strengthen Athen's Democracy
2. Expand Athen's Power
3. Beautify Athens
Change the Balance of Power
More power to the Poor
Less power to the rich
"Everyone is equal before the law. What counts is public service not membership of a particular class, but the actual ability which the man possess."
To be a Citizen
son of Athenian father
both parent must be Athenian
Paid Public Office
Public Servants did not get paid
so only the wealthy could work in
the Athenian government.
Increased the number of
people who got paid so even
the poor could serve in
the Athenian government and juries.
All citizens participated in
running the government
Propose new laws or vote on laws
Take care of government Business
and propose and vote on laws
Expanding the Empire
The Delian League was founded after the time of the Battle of Marathon, in 490 BC, in order to protect Greece against the 'Persian Threat'. What this meant was that many of the city-states in the Mainland and the Islands, notably Thrace, Delos, and Athens, banded together to protect themselves. Athens was the most powerful, and thus most of the city-states provided money to build up the Athenian Navy, instead of providing their own ships or troops. Delos was chosen to be the official site of the Delian League because it was centrally located and also considered to be neutral to the city-states. In response to the growing power of the Delian League, the Spartans formed their own land power, known as the Peloponnesian League. Over a period of ten years, the tensions between the naval power of the Delian League, and the land power of the Pelo League eventually erupted into war, which became the famous Peloponnesian Wars.
Athen Dominates the Delian League
Athenian Navy the strongest
in the Mediterranean region
Athens took control of the Delian League
Some worried about the Persian stealing the riches from the treasury in Delos.
So they moved the Delion's League treasury
The transfer made Athens stronger
Athens treated others allies as conquered people.
City-states became part of the Athenian empire
Pericles Wants to Rebuild Athens
Tribute used to "strengthen" the
military fire power of the
Pericles used the
Other city-states angry
How Pericles used the money.
They don't look like ships
Temples Monuments Buildings
Factors that led to War
Athens Grab for Power
Spend the Delian Money
Pericles Punished the City-States that Resisted
The War Rages
Better land forces
Strong Harbor - More Money
fighting at Sea
fighting on Land
Block the Spartan's Land Attack.
Cut off Athen's
Pericles brought the
Athenians into the city
Athens became overcrowed
A plague Broke out
After 10 years
Athens and Sparta
Signed a truce
Athens attack Sicily
Spartans and Persians
Cities and Crops
King Philip II
comes to power
Pericles and Athens
Athens determined to protect overseas trade