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Gandhian Principles

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Nahom Abegaze

on 29 October 2012

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Transcript of Gandhian Principles

non-violence & love Ahimsa soul-force Satyagraha self-governance Swaraj desirelessness
courage and self-sacrifice
strictness in diet
vegetarianism/veganism
weekly/monthly fast
avoidance of bodily pleasures
relentless self-control abstinence
yoga (preamble)
meditation/necessary rejuvenation
rejoicing in suffering
practice of humility
practice of nonviolence/love for all things (unification) Self-discipline reflecting on/about self Introspection Mahatma Gandhi:
Principles and practice doctrine of Hinduism, Buddhism & Jainism
to do no harm (Sanskrit)
kindness (non-violence) towards ALL living things
NOT only physical, but verbal restraint
Why?
b/c all things fundamentally connected/unified (sacred)
also, an essential duty (accumulation)
consequential: positive reverberations

Implications:
extreme discipline
nonretaliation
intentions are significant, even negligence
idyllic economic equality as prompting power balance
afterlife is inherent born of truth and love
sacrificial joy
empowering (from within)
belief/faith in divine powers
nondualism (body-soul)
acknowledgment of spiritual nature
revaluations:
suffering
oppressor
power source(s) resistance against outside control (power over)
self rule through peaceful means----------->>>>>>>>>>>>true freedom
fulfilled at the expense of:
pleasures/luxuries
ignorance
slavish opposition
monopolization
corporatocracy
Capitalism, but NOT capital importance of questioning
understanding through persistent inquiry
long training:
in self-denial
spiritual resistance
embrace hidden forces
cultivate:
spirit of service
truth
non-violence
self-restraint
patience
aids in 'awakening' from 'false consciousness' SEEK
TRUTH Ahimsa Satyagraha Swaraj Discipline Reflection "Blueprint for a Better Life" "Swaraj is to be attained by educating the masses to a sense of their capacity to regulate and control authority." p.176 "[Economic equality] is the master key to non-violent Independence." p.247 "But if even a single individual realizes the ideal of [Non-violence] in its fullness, he covers and redeems the whole society...it will not always need a perfect being to administer an ideal state, once it has come into being. What is needed is a thorough social awakening to begin with. The rest will follow..." p.249 "If we have no love for our neighbors, no change, however revolutionary, can do us any good...Even is a most perfect world, we shall fail to avoid inequalities, but we can and must avoid strife and bitterness..." p.250 Geronimo We Shall Remain: Apache conception of power as fundamental
given by god(Usen/Ysun)
p-f-w and/or p-f-a
Everything was sacred (unified)
Geronimo's internal battles
manifest externally (violent vengeance)
leveraging of possessions
non-transformative use of p-o
Geronimo's subscription to Western values as symbolic
his resistance seen as the last for natives Wounded Knee "A devotee of truth may not do anything in deference to convention. He must always hold himself open to correction, and whenever he discovers himself to be wrong, he must confess it at all costs and atone for it." p.160 “Perhaps the best of uses would be to cultivate the power of independent thought. We are often thoughtless and therefore like only to read books or, worse still, to talk....as a matter of fact there is an art of thinking just as there is an art of reading. we should be able to think the right thought at the right time
and not indulge in thinking useless thoughts as well as in reading useless
books....it is my experience during every incarceration that it affords us a fine
opportunity of thinking...to some purpose..." Gandhi, pg. 238 Power shifts: once masters/now at margins
Angered & frustrated culmination
ethnic cleansing
post-violent movement:
Native American approach is endorsed
hard power soft power "[We] were about to be obliterated culturally, our spiritual way of life, our entire way of life was about to be stamped out; this was a rebirth of our dignity & self pride." “Satyagraha is a relentless search for truth, and a determination to reach truth. I can only hope you will realize the import of what you are doing. And if you do, your path will be easy --easy because you will take delight in difficulties and you will laugh in hope when everybody is in despair” pg. 223 "All exploitation is based on the cooperation, willing or forced, of the exploited." p. 248 “Instead of thinking of improving the world let us concentrate on self-improvement. We can scarcely find out if the world is on the right or the wrong path. But if we take the straight and narrow path we shall find all taking it too or discover the the method of inducing them to take it...” p.236 We Shall Remain: "I should have fought until I was the last man alive." -Geronimo (last words) https://vimeo.com/42741526 Problem Assessment: “Three-fourths of the miseries and misunderstandings in the world will disappear if we step into the shoes of our adversaries and understand their standpoint” pg. 222 "...no special legislation without a change of heart can possibly bring about organic unity. And when there is a change of heart, no such legislation can possibly be necessary..." p. 192 Participation: “[The] success of the movement depends more on yourself than on outside support. If there is nothing in you, or if there is not much in you, any amount of enthusiasm brought about by a passing visit like mine will be of no avail...” pg.221 Insights? Western society:
coercion vs. persuasion
power structures
implementation of Gandhian ideas
principles too ideal/unrealistic?
Tree of life
Gandhi on Communism
"Tribal War" by Nas & Damian Marley ft. K'naan Asking Why? “Constant development is the law of life, and a man who always tries to maintain his dogmas in order to appear consistent drives himself into a false position” pg. 160 Program Management: "[To prepare for home-rule] individuals must cultivate the spirit of service, renunciation, truth, nonviolence, self-restraint, patience... they must engage in constructive work in order to develop these qualities." pg.193 MK Gandhi Institute for Non-violence The Role of Outside Agents: "...There are moments in your life when you must act even though you cannot carry your best friends with you. The still small voice within you must always be the final arbiter when there is a conflict of duty." p. 133 "The question is whether you are capable of suffering that may be imposed upon you or may be your lot in the journey towards the goal. Even whilst you are suffering you may have no bitterness-no trace of it-against your opponents." p. 221
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