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The Development of Liberalism Timeline Assignment

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sierra maynard

on 8 October 2012

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Transcript of The Development of Liberalism Timeline Assignment

THE DEVELOPMENT OF LIBERALISM Ancient Greek Democracy A system of political reforms called demokratia (meaning rule by the people) was introduced by Cleisthenes, a Athenian leader. This Athenian democracy was implimented for two centuries, but democratic ideas and processes evolved and continue to influence politicians and governments today. Magna Carta Magna Carta was written by a group of Barons with the purpose to protect thier rights and properties against a tyrannical king. It ws written in response to specific grievances and practical matters related to the feudral system. Magna Carta served as an inpiration and a justification in liberty's defiense during the American Revolution. Also rights outlined in Magna Carta were embedded into laws and contributed to the constitution and Bill of Rights. Renaissance 14th to 16th Century
The Renaissance period, meaning 'rebirth' or 'reconstruction' marked the rebirth of humanism and the revival of culture and science. Most significantly, this period marked the birth of new ideologies that moved away from the status quo, the teachings of the teachings of the church and the role of the monarchy. Haudensaunee Confederacy 15th Century to 1776
Haudensaunee confederacy refers to ' people of the long house' , is the joining of nations. It is believed to be one of the first and longest lasting participatory democracies. The confederacy is made up of the Oneidas, Onadagas, Mohanks, Cayugas and Senecas aboriginal nations. It was created to unite the nations and provide a peaceful means of decision-making. It is believed that the American Constitution was modelled in the likeness of the Haudensaunee Confederacy. Reformation 1517- 1648
Reformers including Martin Luther, John Calvin and other early protestants began to reject the rituals, doctrines and the structure of the Cathlic Church: this led to the creation of Protestantism. Other factors such as the fall of the Eastern Roman Empire and the invention of the printing press contributed to the development and spread of protestant beliefs. The protestant reformation began in 1517 by the publication of the Ninety- Five Theses and concluded by the signing of the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 that ended the European religious wars. bibilography
Perspectives on Ideology textbook Industrial Revolution 18th to 19th century
The industrial revolution was mainly an economic revolution. It changed our society from a mainly agricultural society to a more industry and manufacturing focused society. It began in Great Britian then influenced followed revolution countries such as Germany, the United States and France. The greatest advances were in steam power and the use of new fuels such as coal and petruleum. Advances not only in transportation came about during this revolution but also in communication methods. Communication was improved by the invention of the telegraph. As a result of the revolutions, newly found democratic rights spread throughout Europe and North America. Enlightenment 18th Century
This period helped promote the beliefs of classical liberalism, rooted from a revival of Greek and Roman teachings. Their teachings emphased the use of logical argument and reason. Humanists arose from this time period, they developed an interpretation of history and beliefs involving the purpose of life, human nature and the structure of society being based on reason instead of religion. American Revolution 1776
Liberal thinkers such as John Locke had a huge influence on the American Revolution of 1776. They inspired American colonists to fight for independence from the British Crown and led to the establishment of a republican form of government. A government where governing authority was intrusted in the hands of its citizens not a ruling monarch. The French Revolution 1789-1799
The French Revolution was an attempt to transform a society through the implimentation of liberal principles. The government was bankrupt despite the ordinary citizens being burdened by paying high taxes and an inefficient taxation system contributed to the problem. After the king showed no sign of fulfilling his promises of acting on necessary reforms to resolve the government's problems as a response, the Third Estate began to revolt against his authority. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizen was approved by the national assembly.This fundamental document reflected how the principles of liberalism came to influence french society; as it outlines individual freedoms. Changes in the Class System In the 19th Century the middle class underwnet epansion as a consiquence of the industrial revolution. Within the middle class there was an extreme difference in wealth (at the lower end small shop-keepers and at the higher end large capitalists that owned companies). Despite this gap, they shared a common vision in the expansion of the economy. With this, also came the shared assumptions, such as " the sum of everyone's individual success led to the success of a society as a whole." To achieve thier vision they created certain demands of the government, one in which was the need to reduce the cost of competition, accomplished by providing transportation and communication infrastructure. This would prevent unfair competition.The ideas of the new middle class reflectd liberal ideology in terms of the government's involvment in the economy and the rights of individuals.
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