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Transcript of Machiavelli
Who was Machiavelli?
Niccolò Machiavelli was a Florentine historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, and humanist, as well as a writer during the Italian Renaissance. As a writer, he published a world renowned book called "The Prince".
Political Science and Human Nature
Political science is the study of human nature and how people react to certain situations.
Machiavelli was always quick to mock human nature and question the loyalty of citizens. He has overall characterized the human race as self-centered and lazy.
During Machiavelli's studies in human nature, he finds that people tend to have more respect and will for someone who is feared rather than someone who is loved.
Machiavelli finds that in battle, soldiers who fear their commander were most likely not to flee battle and remain loyal.
" A prince must imitate the fox and the lion, for the lion cannot protect himself from traps and the fox cannot defend himself from wolves. One must therefore be a fox to recognize traps and a lion to frighten wolves."
Machiavelli made his most lasting mark on history as a writer. Though he wrote short stories and plays, his most influential work was his novel "The Prince". "The Prince", originally written in 1513, was not published until 1532, five years after his death. The Prince was an examination of how a leader could gain power and stay in power. He wrote it with hopes of gaining favor from the Medici family. "The Prince" is one of the best examinations of how politics work and is studied by political thinkers today.
Niccolo Machiavelli was an important Florentine figure during the Renaissance whose philosophy revolved around diplomacy and military affairs, as well as reinforced obedience with cruelty.
Machiavelli's work was focused on political science. He is often referred to as the "father of modern political theory." He also took his experiences while working in government by analyzing peoples behaviors or human nature.
He focused on military sciences and war strategy as well.
"Hatred is gained as much by good work as by evil"
The Work of Machiavelli in
"It Is better to be feared than loved , if you cannot be both."
~ Excerpt from Machiavelli's "The Prince"
Military science is the study of war strategy.
During Machiavelli's study of military science, he finds that a prince must have the strength and ruthlessness of a lion and the carefulness and cleverness of a fox. In other words, strength is nothing without intelligence.
Machiavelli was also greatly influenced by Ancient Rome. He has displayed his immense respect and support for this older civilization by attempting to copy the Roman's army and governmental systems.
Life of Machiavelli
Niccolo Machiavelli was born in Florence, Italy on May 3rd, 1469 to a very wealthy and influential family.
After undergoing rigorous training , he entered the Florentine government in 1494 which is also the same year the Medici family lost its power.
Machiavelli was soon exposed to the ambitious and cruel ways of commander Cesare Borgia, son of Pope Alexander VI. Coming in contact with Borgia had a lasting effect on Machiavelli and would later impact him when he takes charge of the Florentine militia.
Machiavelli combined politics and military science in his book, "The Prince", to create a 3 fold impact on literature (which is considered an art), politics and military sciences.
This proves that Machiavelli has supreme awesomeness because he impacted so much during the Renaissance.
When the Medici family returned to power in 1512, Machiavelli was dismissed from his post and suspected of conspiracy. This led to his arrest and torture.
Machiavelli's "The Prince"
Machiavelli was released in 1513 and retired to a small farm seven miles south of Florence where he focused on his works of literature, including 'The Prince.'
Niccolo Machiavelli passed away on June 21st, 1527 with much mystery surrounding his death.
Machiavelli was a strong, innovative thinker during the Renaissance. He was not afraid to put his ideas into action or write them for all to examine. His book "The Prince", is still relevant in modern politics today from the time it was written in 1513. It is for this reason that Machiavelli had one of the biggest influences on history from his contributions during the Renaissance.