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Protestant Reformation

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by

Lisa Healow

on 3 November 2017

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Transcript of Protestant Reformation

established church joined with government in Switzerland
wiped out by Catholic Church in 1530s
The Protestant Reformation
Printing Press Strikes Again!
sparked a desire for reform
translated the Bible into German
excommunicated in 1520
Edict of Worms declared Luther an outlaw
1530 - Lutheranism official
Protestant Reformation:
high taxation of middle class and peasants
sale of indulgences
pardons issued by the pope to reduce a soul’s time in purgatory
Martin Luther's 95 Theses (1517):
indulgences
power of the pope
wealth of the church

John Calvin
preached predestination
viewed people as sinful by nature
enacted strict laws that regulated people’s behavior
Henry VIII (England)
Catherine of Aragon - daughter Mary
Anne Boleyn - daughter Elizabeth
Third (of six) wife - son Edward
Protestant or Catholic? Death for All!
Edward died at 15
Mary - devoutly Catholic, killed Protestants, nicknamed Bloody Mary
Elizabeth - strongly Protestant, killed Catholics
mercantilism
the idea that a nation’s strength depended on its wealth
fixed amount of wealth in the world
colonies were a source of raw materials and markets to buy goods
colonies only existed to benefit the home country
Africa
directly govern large areas occupied by non-European peoples
driven by economic interests, political competition, and cultural motives
Berlin Conference (1884-1885)
agreed that when a European nation claimed a new African territory, it had to notify other European nations and prove that it could control the territory
Early Reformers:
John Wycliffe - give up earthly possessions
Jan Hus - immorality of Church
Ulrich Zwingli
Reformation Parliament: Henry VIII became head of new Church of England (Anglican Church)
Full transcript