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Transcript of Classical Conditioning
-He was the founder of classical conditioning through an accidental experiment of testing animal salivation.
-Classical conditioning is
also known as "Learning
-His discovery led him
to winning a Nobel
Prize in 1904.
-Tardy bell in school.
-Toilet flushing while you're in the
-Light flashes and beeps until you
put your seat belt on.
-Commercials/ advertising/ songs Classical Conditioning -Classical conditioning has made a wide contribution to therapy with treatment to phobias and anxiety disorders. In Treatment of Addictions and Misbehavior “Train up a child in the way he should go and when he is old he will not depart from it.” Ivan Pavlov & John Watson Every Day Examples What is the US?
CR? NAME IT Present Relevance -It has also enhanced the school
experience in the classroom
through effective, learning
methods that teachers are
recommended to incorporate. The conditioned stimuli would be the taste of the alcohol or the nicotine. By pairing the taste of the substances with an unpleasant effect such as nausea and vomiting, the result will be a negative aversion to the substance. The base of classical conditioning involves an unconditioned stimulus (US), unconditioned response (UR), conditioned stimulus (CS), conditioned response (CR).
Ultimately, your CS is the independent variable, and the CR is the dependent variable.
Therefore, if a stimulus is consistently paired with a neural stimulus, it eventually becomes a conditioned stimulus that is replaced for the original stimulus.
Nevertheless, if the comparison isn't made frequently, extinction is likely to occur. (Prov. 22.6) The concept of rewards is also within Christianity; however for us, our rewards await for us eternally in heaven. Psychologically, this is a type of reinforcement of behavior. Behaviorism is naturalistic. This means that the material world is the ultimate reality, and everything can be explained in terms of natural laws. Man has no soul and no mind, only a brain that responds to external stimuli. Essentially, we exist in the context of a "biological machine." Agreement Disagreement Caroline Sharp
Sami Prichard Ivan P. Pavlov (1849-1936) John Watson (1878-1958) -Primarily focused on behaviorism and growth of the nervous system.
-His theory was based on anti-mentalism, reductions to implicit response, and reliance on conditioned reaction.
-He believed that all basic emotion was a form of either rage, fear, or love.
-His ultimate goal was to condition and control behavior. Chen, C., Lin, Y., & Hsiao, C. (2012). Celebrity endorsement for sporting events using classical conditioning. International Journal Of Sports Marketing & Sponsorship, 13(3), 209-219.Cherry, Kendra. (2013). Introduction to classical conditioning. Psychology. Retrieved from: http://www.psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsychology/a /classcond.htmCohen-Hatton,
S. R., Haddon, J. E., George, D. N., & Honey, R. C. (2013). Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer: Paradoxical effects of the Pavlovian relationship explained. Journal Of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 39(1), 14-23. doi:10.1037/a0030594
DeMar, Gary. (1989). Behaviorism. Retrieved from http://www.forerunner.com/forerunner/X0497_DeMar_-_Behaviorism.htmlGolkar,
A., Bellander, M., & Öhman, A. (2013). Temporal properties of fear extinction—Does time matter?. Behavioral Neuroscience, 127(1), 59-69. doi:10.1037/a0030892
Harris, J. A., Andrew, B. J., & Livesey, E. J. (2012). The content of compound conditioning. Journal Of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 38(2), 157-166. doi:10.1037/a0026605
Hergenhahh, B.R. (2009). An introduction to the history of psychology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov. (2013). Encyclopedia britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/447349/Ivan-Petrovich-PavlovLefrancois,
G.R. (2012).Theories of human learning. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth
Maier, B. (2008). Christian psychology meets traditional theories of psychology. Retrieved from http://christianpsych.org/wp_scp/category/behaviorism/Naik,
Payal. (1998). Behaviorism as a theory of personality: A critical look. Northwestern University. Retrieved from http://www.personalityresearch.org/papers/naik.html
Watson, J. (1913). Psychology as the behaviorist views it. Psychological Review, 20, 158-177. Watson, J. (1928). The ways of behaviorism. New York, NY: Harper & Brothers Pub. References