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Stacey Dolgin Casado "Structure as Meaning in Carmen Laforet
Transcript of Stacey Dolgin Casado "Structure as Meaning in Carmen Laforet
Jo Labanyi "Censorship or the Fear of Mass Culture"
1938: Press Law - put the press at the 'service of the state'
Ruth El Saffar
'Structural and Thematic Tactics of Suppression in Carmen Laforet’s Nada'
No personal development or change
Ending is neither optimistic nor pessimistic essentially
Contradicts the idea of positive growth experience
circular structure assumes similar disappointment and disillusionment: from her cousin's country home to Barcelona, from Barcelona to Madrid
"feather floating in the wind of circumstances generated by others"
Stacey Dolgin Casado
the cause-and-effect relationship between past and present, between Barcelona and Madrid are not established by the author
"period-piece" - the writer is dependent for approval to publish by the Regime
disillusionment and unfulfillment at the textual level and self-censorship on sociopolitical contextual level
Professor Marsha Collins
The infinite opportunities and happiness in Madrid are definitely referring to an optimistic ending
Andrea has transcended the miserable, decrepit world of Aribau Street and through her, as a character, the whole generation of post-Civil War Spaniards has transformed into art leaving a promise at the end of the novel.
Professor Roberta Johnson
Ambiguities - start with the title
Self-knowledge and self-awareness are acquired by Andrea during her year in Barcelona
Psychological and emotional passage from late adolescence to adulthood
1. Do you think that themes oscillating around the Catholic faith and morality in "Nada" interfere with the Censorship?
2. Do you agree with Professor Roberta Johnson's statement that Nada is psychological and emotional passage from late adolescence to adulthood? If not, why not?
3. What opportunities Collins referred to when she mentioned Madrid as the place of lifetime happiness and full of opportunities?
4. In 'Nada' there is nothing that accuses or blames anyone or anything for the misery and decay. Do you agree? Why/ Why not?
5.Can we clearly identify and distinguish victims from perpetrators in 'Nada'? Discuss analyzing relationships between Juan and Gloria or Roman and Ena.
Censorship in Nada
The theme of self-censorship as an artistic expression of non-conformity with a Regime.
Nada- ambiguity of the title
“no pasa nada”
“no hay que meterse en nada”
“no hay que decir nada
The censorship- "Death to Intelligence!"
'Nada' as a text that suggests and implies but never states and explains
Exclusion as part of the necessary selection process in writing
Much more is known, felt and thought by its author than what she is able or willing to communicate through the text
Self-censorship- “self-imposed abstinence from the expression of one’s own convictions, truths and ultimately from one’s identity as an individual as well as member of society”
The influence of censorship on the content of "Nada".
Francoist censor as a receiver of the text
No cause-effect relationship between miserable life of the characters and why the situation was like this
“Laforet da una vision de la ruina moral y material, de la desperación y pesimismo que existía en los anos de crisis que siguieron al fin de la contienda. (...) no parece plantearse nunca el 'por qué' de sus vidas truncadas”
Pablo Gil, La novela social espanola (1920-1971)
"Carmen Laforet did not "Nada" with the reader foremost ih her mind but, rather, with the Francoist censor as the receiver and evaluator of the text with whom she was most concerned with pleasing by appeasing" (p.355)
1936-51: censorship of all media other than the press came under the PROPAGANDA OFFICE
Censorship or the Fear of Mass Culture
Banned the use of minority languages
Double version of some items
No mention could be made of arrests, trials, crimes, suicides or the existence of censorship
mistranslation of foreign movies
popularity of poetry due to the fact that dissidence could be tolerated in minority genre
popular romances and adventure stories were strictly controlled
female writers were subjected a particularly strict critical observation
Reference to the Regime?
Strategies against censorship
resubmit the same book with a different title, present works when the senior censors were on holiday
indirect statements (irony, symbolism, metaphors)