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Transcript of Shaka Zulu
The famed 19th-century leader of South Africa's Zulus brought tribal factions together for the first time, creating both a state and a powerful sense of identity for the region's largest group — a common culture that remains today. His militaristic actions also caused a rippling effect throughout Africa, forever disturbing the balance of power.
The Carib and Arawak tribes are widely believed to be the primary original native peoples of Trinidad. The native people, collectively known as Amerindians, called the island Ka-ire or I-ere, but when Columbus arrived, he named it Trinidad after the Holy Trinity.
According to Caribbean Beat, it is believed that Columbus viewed the Arawaks as a peaceful tribe, helpful to the Spanish settlers and willing to convert to Christianity, while the Caribs were viewed as war-loving savages who had worked their way from island to island, killing other tribes and eating the men. However, mainstream belief as of 2014, according to Trinidadian journalist Kim Johnson, is that the Arawaks were actually the Taino people, and there is no archaeological evidence that the Caribs were cannibals.
Shaka Zulu by Temitope and Georgia
Shaka kaSenzangakhona (Born in 1787 – the date of hes assasination 22 September 1828), also known as Shaka Zulu. He was one of the most influential monarchs of the Zulu Kingdom.Shaka Zulu is said to be one of the greatest military leaders in African history, and perhaps all of history.There is controversy around the brutality of his methods, and the strictness with which he trained his troops, but in many ways, he improved warfare methods forever.
Images of Shaka
Shaka began with a systematic reorganization of Zulu warriors, implementing a rigid training program, new blade weaponry that replaced the traditional spear, new attack formations and a strict code of obedience. Zulu society — much like Sparta — was entirely restructured to support the army.
In just a couple of years, his army had brutally executed, displaced or assimilated a vast territory with more than 200,000 inhabitants who became his subjects. Despite its violent methodology, his clan had formed one united nation — the biggest and most powerful in southern Africa.
An increasingly cruel and paranoid Shaka Zulu was assassinated in 1828, but that didn't mark the end of his effects on the history of southern Africa.
Besides creating a political entity in the Zulu Kingdom, Shaka's military campaigns caused the massive displacement of people, a crisis that became part of a decades-long period of turmoil historians call the Mfecane (or the "scattering").
From the 1820s to the 1840s, those who weren’t killed or assimilated by the encroaching Zulu warriors fled, leading to a refugee crisis and reshuffling of South Africa's traditional settlements. Many groups banded together for security, forming new communities. The tiny nations of Lesotho and Swaziland, both almost wholly enveloped by South Africa, were birthed by tribes escaping the chaos
ARAWAKS AND CARIBS
Formerly known as Island Caribs, or just Caribs, the Kalinago are an indigenous people of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean. They may have descended from the Mainland Caribs (Kalina) of South America, but they spoke an unrelated language known as Island Carib.The Arawaks are original people of northern South America and the Caribbean Islands. They particularly live in Guyana, French Guiana, and Suriname, the island of Trinidad, and coastal areas of northern Venezuela
Where do they live?
The excerpt continues on to define the Caribs and Arawaks in reference to each other. Caribs were thus named because ‘Carib’ means cannibal and cannibalism, and the Caribs were known as violent, cannibalistic marauders. In contrast, the Arawaks were viewed as a peaceful people who were constantly subjected to the threat (and reality) of Carib attacks
Importance elements of their culture
The Tainos : Rise & Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus
History of the people of Trinidad and Tobago
Capitalism and Slavery
From Columbus to Castro
A Brief History of the Caribbean
The story of the 'Caribs and Arawaks'
By Kim Johnson
The story of the Arawaks, the Caribs and the Spaniards is a well known tale told to every Caribbean child. We all, from the least educated to the most widely read, accept it almost instinctively that there were, before the Europeans landed on these our islands, a peaceful and gentle tribe of Amerindians called the Arawaks who had inhabited the entire Caribbean archipelago. So generous and guileless were these people that they embraced the Spaniards and provided every comfort for them, only to be repaid by being mercilessly slaughtered so that within a few decades not one Arawak was alive.
Although it is rarely stated there is a clear implication that, for all of its cruelty, the extinction of this people at the hands of the Spanish could almost be seen as a blessing in disguise.
This is because there was another tribe, a ferocious one called the Caribs, who were on the verge of pouncing on the Arawaks and putting them to an even more horrible end. These Caribs were, you see, eaters of human flesh. Following hard on the heels of the Arawaks, they had gobbled their way up the Caribbean archipelago, settling on each island like a swarm of locusts in a field, and only moving on when they had gorged themselves on every available Arawak. By the time of Columbus's arrival, the Caribs had eaten their way through the Lesser Antilles and already were licking their chops for the meat walking about in Puerto Rico.
And yet, also instinctively, the distastefulness of that story makes it difficult to swallow. Its nightmare quality seems to represent the final, ultimate indignity perpetrated against the first Caribbean people - already victims of the first holocaust unleashed on the world by European civilization. So we wonder, is that what really happened? Could there not have been be another side to it? Now that the 500th anniversary of Colum-bus's arrival has passed, perhaps we should look again at the chronicles of the time. Because, having taken our place in the modern world,