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Public Attitudes to Spoken Language

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by

wil mccollum

on 19 November 2014

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Transcript of Public Attitudes to Spoken Language

Public Attitudes to Spoken Language
Discuss these questions in pairs:
1. What aspects of speech may a person be judged on?

2. What sort of judgements may be made?

3. Do people adapt their language to avoid judgements? Why?
Objectives
To be able to name two types of public attitudes.

To be able to explain how people adapt their language based on judgements.
Trying to fit in, Trying to be different
Have you ever changed your speech to fit in? How? Why?

Have you ever changed your speech to be different? How? Why?
Convergence/Divergence
Which of the above terms do you think refers to speech styles separating?

Why?

These are the terms we want to be using in our analyses and discussions.
Prescriptive Attitudes
Prescriptive Attitudes
Prescriptive Attitudes
What does this video suggest about some attitudes towards spoken language?
Attitudes where people consider non-standard English as WRONG are known as PRESCRIPTIVE ATTITUDES.
Drescriptive Attitudes
Descrptive attitudes analyse communication, regardless of whether or not it's deemed 'incorrect'.
Upwards or Downwards?
Convergence and divergence can go UPWARDS or DOWNWARDS.

What do you think this means? e.g. downward convergence
Upward or downward?
Consider this video for upward or downward divergence.

Is the divergence in accent?
Or lexis/words they use?
The Mark Scheme
- SOPHISTICATED ANALYSIS OF KEY ISSUES ARISING FROM PUBLIC ATTITUDES TO SPOKEN LANGUAGE VARIETIES

- CONFIDENT ANALYSIS OF SOME ISSUES ARISING FROM PUBLIC ATTITUDES
Stereotypes and Conformity
Stereotypes
What negative judgements do people make about the way you or others speak?

Is such stereotyping fair?

Why do stereotypes exist?
Conformity
Have you ever tried to fit in through speech?
Does anyone you know?

Do they adapt their accent?

Or do they use colloquial language? e.g. bare
Accent Stereotypes
What personality traits do you associate with the following accents?

1. Essex
2. BBC (Steven Fry)
3. Scouse
4. Scottish
5.Cockney
WHY?
Is it fair?
Is it fair to make such judgements about people based on their actions?
Task
On your iPads, find examples of newspaper articles that show prescriptive/descriptive attitudes.

Compare the arguments - which do you most agree with?
Note a quote for each attitude.
Full transcript