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FNN 400 Community Assessment - South Parkdale

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Kasia Miko

on 29 January 2016

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Transcript of FNN 400 Community Assessment - South Parkdale


Queen St. W
Roncessvalles Ave
Atlantic Ave
Queen St W @ Jameson Ave (1920s)
Exhibition GO
CPR Rail
Liberty Village
The Drake
The Gladstone
Sunnyside Amusement Park
Sunnyside Amusement Park
Miss Toronto (1920s)
Building the Gardiner Expressway (1955)
Community Situational Assessment: Stage 2
City of Toronto, 2014
Did not meet 2005 threshold - why?
Only 1 out of 15 indicators ranked satisfactory
2014 Neighbourhood Improvement Area

of households have income under
of households spend
30% or more
on shelter costs
Average household income
42% lower
than other Toronto neighbourhoods

City of Toronto, 2014
Closer look...
Most inclusive spaces: South Parkdale Toronto Public Library Branch

"Centre of the community"
Parkdale Community Health Centre (PCHC)
Parkdale Branch Library
Queen St W.
#1 Asset:
Ethics >

Healthy Communities =
Healthy Individuals
Hancock, 2009
Healthy human development
City of Toronto, 2015
City of Toronto, 2015
City of Toronto, 2015
City of Toronto, 2015
City of Toronto, 2015
City of Toronto, 2015
(25-64 years olds)
(24 years old & under)
Low income residents
Immigrants, refugees, homeless, mental health issues
City of Toronto, 2011a
Community Places for Meeting
CAMH, 2015
South Parkdale Assets Map
Local Institutions
Citizen's Associations
Gifts of Individuals
Holy Family C.S.
Saint Mary C.S.
Queen Victoria Junior P.S.
Parkdale Collegiate Institute

Greenest City
West-End Food Co-op
Parkdale Activity Recreation Centre (PARC)
Parkdale Community Health Centre (PCHC)
Health Services:
Jason's Coffee Shop
Various restaurants
PARC: Food Mapping Session
Porter, 2009

Masaryk Park
Marilyn Bell Park
Rita Cox Park
Lamport Stadium
Friends of Masaryk Park, 2014
Parkdale United Church
Holy Family Roman Catholic Church
Cultural Groups:
Little Tibet
Parkdale Village Arts Collective
Community Walk
Mittlelmark, 2008
"... everyone develops as fully as possible and achieves their maximum potential as a human being".
Food Security
Nutritious diet is affordable and accessible
Environment that maximizes healthy choices
Equal access for all
Bellows & Hamm, 2003
South Parkdale
Gentrification: decreasing affordable food options
PARC - cries for help
~22 agencies trying to address the problem
Richer et al., 2007
Food Literacy
Knowledge and skills to prepare food
Promote capacity-building in the community
Instil values
Healthy human development!
Butterfoss, 2006
Children and Youth
School-age population
5 - 24 years old
Food security & literacy #1 issue

Lifelong eating habits, chronic disease prevention, peak bone growth
Suffer academically and poorer social & cognitive development
Ta-Young, 2008
Alaimo, Olson & Frongillo, 2001

City of Toronto, 2014
Help support transition into working age (25-54 years old)
Asset for development
Demanding work schedules of parents; lack of food skills
Youth engagement:
experience, knowledge and skills
Rationale - why youth?
Ta-Young, 2008
Youth Worker Wisdom
Strategy: Grassroots Approach
Build food literacy into school curriculum
Role of Community Nutrition
Enhance food skills
Influence healthy public policies
Promote environments conducive to health
Chenhall, 2006
Promoting Healthy Communities

Combination of key strategies
Wide community involvement
Broad involvement of all community sectors
Local government commitment
Creation of healthy public policies
Ontario Health Communities Coalition; Hancock, 2009
Community defines what is important for their health !
Program: Farm to School Salad Bar BC
PHAC, 2013
Tip me at:

Not reinventing the wheel!
Fundraising tips, training information for educators, menu development, evaluation tools
Encourages fruit and vegetables consumption
Reflects target population
Food Literacy:
Knowledge of nutrition, local foods and preparation
Strengthens the community
Best Practice program
Canadian Origin
Food Security
Healthy Eating
Community Health Promotion Strategy

Cost to train educators
Cost of wholesale fruits and vegetables
Largely relies on donations
- Good Healthy Food for All!
existing partner
Queen Victoria Junior Public School
Breakfast & lunch program
School acceptance
kitchen, coordinators, volunteers
Building Our Strategies
Ottawa Charter & Farm to School
Friends of Masaryk Park, 2015
Encourages community participation
Health outside the healthcare system!
#1 Asset:
Ethics >
Mittlelmark, 2008
Action at a local level
10/12 determinants locally based
Farm to Schools
builds feelings of efficacy
Healthy human development
Hancock, 2009
Government of Canada, 2013
Mobilizing Assets &
Social Determinants of Health
Situational Assessment > Planning
Address gaps in research & identify barriers
Contact schools:
principals, teachers, parents
Collaboration with health professionals/promoters
FoodShare - determine feasibility
Funding supports: local and political sponsors
Community-Based Participatory Research
for social change!
Generate Awareness

Health Professionals
#1: Gord Perks
Yes! Farm to Schools program for school-aged youth of South Parkdale
City Councillor Ward 14 Parkdale-High Park since 2006
Advocates for community spaces
Understands South Parkdale's values and needs
Funding supports
"Toronto works because neighbourhood parks, libraries, community centres enrich our lives and bring us together".
Gord Perks, 2008
Promoting Healthy Communities
Local government commitment
Urban-based organization
Health advocacy and environmental education initiatives
Focus on local foods
Partnered with FoodShare
Healthy Communities
= Healthy Individuals !

Lake Ontario
Parks & Recreation
Target Population:
Children (6-12 years old)
Youth (13-17 years old)
Core Focus:
Healthy, local food
Hands-on learning
School and community connectedness
Government of Canada, 2013

Promoting Healthy
Communities Strategies
Wide community involvement
Broad involvement of all community sectors
community engagement
Partnerships that support local food economy
Supportive environments
to build capacity (food knowledge & skills)
Gord Perks, 2008
Food Secure Canada
- urging Federal government to step up; $1 billion investment in children's nutrition

Potential to influence healthy public policy!
FoodShare, 2015

Alaimo, K., Olson, C. M., & Frongillo, E. A. (2001). Food insufficiency and American school- aged children's cognitive, academic, and psychosocial development. Pediatrics, 108(1), 44-53.

Bellows, A. C., & Hamm, M. W. (2003). International effects on and inspiration for community food security policies and practices in the USA. Critical Public Health, 13(2), 107-123.

Butterfoss, F. D. (2006). Process evaluation for community participation. Annual Review of
Public Health. Health, 27, 323-340.

City of Toronto. (2006). Neighbourhood social profile #5: youth. City of Toronto. Retrieved from

City of Toronto. (2010). Profile of low income in the city of Toronto. City of Toronto. Retrieved from https://www1.toronto.ca/city_of_toronto/

City of Toronto. (2011). Neighbourhood profiles: south parkdale. City of Toronto. Retrieved from http://www1.toronto.ca/City%20Of%20Toronto/Social%20Development,%20Finance %20&%20Administration/Neighbourhood%20Profiles/pdf/2011/pdf1/cpa85.pdf

City of Toronto. (2014). TSNS 2020 neighbourhood equity index. Retrieved from

City of Toronto. (2015). Toronto Archives. Retrieved from http://www1.toronto.ca/wps/portal/ contentonly?vgnextoid=6c21226b48c21410VgnVCM10000071d60f89RCRD9

Chenhall, C. (2006). Public health nutrition competencies: summary of key informant interviews. Publication of Dietitians of Canada. Retrieved from https://www.dietitians.ca/Downloads/ Public/Public-Health-Nutrition-Comptencies--key-informant.aspx

Doolite, R. (2014, March 9). Toronto to expand ‘priority’ neighbourhoods to 31. Toronto Star. Retrieved from http://www.thestar.com/news/city_hall/toronto2014election/2014/03/09/ toronto_to_expand_priority_neighbourhoods_to_31.html

Friends of Masaryk Park. (2014). Masaryk park 2nd annual community clean-up day.

Retrieved from http://masarykfriends.com/masaryk-park-2nd-annual-community-clean-

Gord Perks. (2008). About Gord. Retrieved from http://gordperks.ca/about-gord/

Hancock, T. (2009). Act Locally: Community-based population health promotion, Appendix B. Prepared for The Senate Sub-Committee on Population Health. Victoria, BC. Retrieved from http://www. parl. gc. ca/40/2/parlbus/commbus/senate/com-e/popu-e/rep-e/ appendixBjun09-e. pdf.

Government of Canada. (2013). The state and impact of mental illness in the CAF and Canadian
society. National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. Retrieved from

Health Canada. (2007). Canadian community health survey, cycle 2.2, nutrition (2004): Income- related household food security in Canada. Health Canada. Retrieved from http:// www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/surveill/nutrition/commun/income_food_sec-sec_alim-eng.php

Kidd, S. (2015). ‘Community Reconsidered’. Centre for addiction and mental health. Retrieved
from http://camhblog.com/2015/01/07/community-reconsidered/

King, A. (2011). Health, not health care - changing the conversation. Ontario ministry of health and long-term care. Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.on.ca/en/common/ministry/ publications/reports/cmoh_10/cmoh_10.pdf

Kirk, M., Tomme-Bonde, L., Schreiber, R. (2014). Public health reform and health promotion in
Canada. Global Health Promotion, 21(21), 15-22.

Kirkpatrick, S.I., McIntyre, L., Potestio, M.L. (2010). Child hunger and long-term adverse consequences of health. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 164(8), 754-762.

Martinez, V. (2010). Parkdale south ward 14 community need assessment. Toronto Centre for Community Learning and Development. Retrieved from http://test.tccld.org/wp-content/ uploads/2012/11/Parkdale_2009-10_CRNA.pdf

Mikkonen, J., & Raphael, D. (2010). Social Determinants of Health: The Canadian Facts. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianfacts.org/the_canadian_facts.pdf

Mittelmark, M. B. (2008). Health promotion: A professional community for social justice. Promotion & Education, 15(2), 3-5, 46-8, 59-61.

Ontario Healthy Communities Coalition. (n.d.). From the ground up: an organizing handbook for healthy communities. Ontario Healthy Communities Coalition. Retrieved from http:// www.ohcc-ccso.ca/en/from-the-ground-up.

Parkdale Activity Recreation Centre. (2011). Parkdale report card 2011. Retrieved from http:// www.pchc.on.ca/assets/files/Report%20Card%202011%20Final.pdf

Porter, Catherine. (2009). You are what you eat. Toronto Star. Retrieved from

Potvin, L., & Jones, C. M. (2011). Twenty-five years after the Ottawa Charter: the critical role of health promotion for public health. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 244-248.

Public Health Agency of Canada. (2011). Ottawa charter for health promotion: an international conference on health promotion. Retrieved from http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/ph-sp/docs/ charter-chartre/index-eng.php

Public Health Agency of Canada. (2013a). Farm to school salad bar program. Canadian Best
Practices Portal. Retrieved from http://cbpp-pcpe.phac-aspc.gc.ca/interventions/farm- school-salad-bar-program/

Public Health Agency of Canada. (2013b). Food skills for families. Canadian Best Practices Portal. Retrieved from http://cbpp-pcpe.phac-aspc.gc.ca/interventions/food-skills- families/

Public Health Association of BC. (2013). Farm to school. Retrieved from http://www.phabc.org/ modules.php?name=Farmtoschool&pa=showpage&pid=277#.VNiAbrDaEkU

Raphael, D. (2006). Social determinants of health: present status, unanswered questions, and future directions. International Journal of Health Services, 36(4), 651-677.

Richer, C., Htoo, S., Kamizaki, K., Mallin, M., Goodmurphy, B., Akande, A., Molale, A. (2010). Beyond bread and butter. Retrieved from http://www.pchc.on.ca/assets/files/beyond

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parkdale. Centre for Urban Health Initiatives. Retrieved from http://

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links. Retrieved from http://www.torontohealthprofiles.ca/a_createCustomGeography

Toronto Community Health Profiles Partnership. (2014b). Neighbourhood maps:
hospital admission indicators. Retrieved from http://www.torontohealthprofiles.

Community places for meeting
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