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The Age of Imperialism
Transcript of The Age of Imperialism
Europeans in Asia and Africa
British Control in India & Burma:
The rise of the British Empire
became the British Governor in 1786 after the collapse of the Mogul Empire. Over the next 30-50 years British rule expanded from the
to nearly include all of India.
How and Why did this occur?
British East India Company ruled the colony and employed local soldiers (
) and princes to rule different areas. However, the
Sepoy Rebellion of 1857
1858 = Queen Victoria becomes "Empress of India". India becomes directly controlled by the English Government. England cannot lose India,
"the jewel in the crown." ENGLAND NEEDS THE RAW MATERIALS.
British rule continued up until 1947, when India and Pakistan along with Burma in 1948 gained their independence.
Singapore and the Malay States
Singapore and the rest of Malaysia were under British control as well.
The port of Singapore was a great center of trade and allowed Britain to export valuable resources out of Asia.
(ex./ rubber, tin, cotton, sugar, coffee and tea.)
Netherlands Control in Indonesia: The Dutch East Indies
The Netherlands had an early start to Imperialism (Henry Hudson). However, they lost most of their land to Britain over time.
They did however, control modern-day Indonesia during the Age of Imperialism.
It of course was important for collecting raw materials and resources fueling the Dutch economy.
French control in Indochina: Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam
The French started its Second Colonial empire in South East Asia.
Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia
and parts of China were all very important to the French Industrial Revolution
Raw materials included tea, coffee, coal, rubber, salt and opium
Saigon (VIETNAM) became an extremely important port city during this time.
Spanish and American control in the Philippines
Magellan originally claimed the islands for Spain in 1521.
1898 = Spanish American War.
The Philippines was one of the first and only colonies USA ever had. Gave USA a port in the Pacific.
Question: Where did USA explore and get more land from?
European influence in China
We talked before about how China was growing weaker at this time. Let's review...
Opium Wars = What happened?
Qing Rulers lose power = Revolt/Civil War
How did this help Europeans?
REALLY UNFAIR TREATIES!!!
"Spheres of Influence"
set up everywhere in China, but mostly on China's coasts.
Invasion of China upset many Chinese and rebellions begin to target Foreigners.
Boxer Rebellion (1898) was a major conflict between European powers and China.
Spheres of Influence
Japan and the West
We learned Japan had closed their ports to Europeans in the 17th century....
How did this make Japan different from China?
Eventually Japan could not resist Foreign Influence ... USA arrives near Edo in 1853.
Japan has had no contact with Europe ... that no means
no Industrial Revolution...
Matthew Perry arrives with STEAMSHIPS and forces Japan to sign a treaty with USA. Japan was opened.
Perry arrives in Japan
Traditional Japanese were angered by the Shogun for agreeing to a treaty with Foreigners.
(This actually leads to Japan becoming more WESTERN)
1868 = Meiji Restoration. Samurai restore the power of the Emperor Meiji. The capital moves from Kyoto to Tokyo.
Japan quickly modernizes and adopts western ideas and technology. The military, education and economy are now "westernized" --->
Japan starts thinking Imperialistically?
With a stronger navy and bigger army, Japan starts to look for ways to increase it's size and get more resources. (Korea/China/Russia)
1894-95 First Sino-Japanese War
Japan conquers Korea and Taiwan
1905 Russo-Japanese War
Japan surprises the world by winning a war against a big power, Russia.
Japan does not stop there ... The Japanese Empire grows over the next 30 years and Japan attempts to conquer Asia. This leads to World War II.