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Hazaras vs. Pashtuns

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by

Moriah McKenna

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of Hazaras vs. Pashtuns

Hazaras vs. Pashtuns What's so different? Hazara boy:
the minority Pashtun boy:
the majority The Main Difference: religion
Hazaras are Shiite
Pashtuns are Sunni Culture Appearence Appearence: Overwhelmingly caucasian. Appearance: Asiatic with a lot of Caucasian admixture. some almost look like pure Mongols or Chinese. History History: descended in part from the invading, plundering Mongols who came from Mongolia originally. Due to their Shiite faith are linked with neighboring Shiite Iran. History: Didn'tget along with Mongols, having been brutally conquered by them. Much of Afghanistan was once part of the Mongol empire, and many people in Afghanistan and other countries conquered by the Mongols look back on the Mongol period as a dark, tragic period for their people. Iran has always been an enemy of the sunni pashtuns.
Led the Taliban, which ruled from 1996 to 2001, during which many of the Hazaras fled the country as refugees to Pakistan and Iran. Hazaras Pashtuns Language: pashto otherwise known as Afghani or Pathani. The conflict between these groups has gone on for centuries and began shortly after the founding of Afghanistan in 1747. Traditionally, the Hazaras filled the niche of the lower class, while the Pashtuns acted as the dominant upper class, playing a strong role in the country's government. Where? Where: Hazarajat in central region of Afganistan. Once stretched across Afghanistan, but is now reduced to an area measuring between 100,000 and 150,000 square kilometers. Also dwell in Badakhshan. Where: make up about half the population in Afghanistan, with tribes dominating the east and the south. The Conflict
There was a Civil war in the years leading up to the American invasion in 2001 in which several Hazara groups aligned themselves with the United Front, a group which armed itself in opposition to the governing body at the time, the Taliban. The Taliban massacred thousands of civilians in northern Afghanistan, most of whom were Hazara. The Taliban accused the Hazaras of collaborating with one of it's enemies, the Iranian army, because both groups are Shiite.

Shift in Power

After the American invasion in 2001, Hazara groups that fled to Pakistan and Iran in the 1990's returned to Afghanistan and redistributed themselves throughout the country. Instead of returning to the mountainous central region of Hazarajat, many settled in cities, including Kabul, the country's capital. About 25% of Kabul's population is now Hazara. Since their return, the Hazaras have gained access to better education, and greater rights for their women, though some Hazara leaders complain that their communities remain impoverished and are bypassed by foreign aid. Life : Work in farmlands to earn their livelihood. Many of them live nomadic lifestyle too. These nomads live in tents made of black goat hair. Language: Dari, a dialect of Persian with some Mongol and Turkish influence. Some also speak Pashtu, Baluchi, and Turkic. Life: Most are farmers and shepherds. Generally poor with few economic opportunities. Dress: Most common clothing is the perahan-u-tunban which resembles pajamas. Men wear turbans, vests, overcoats, and sweaters over their perahan-u-tunbans, usually made from wool or cotton and are plain-colored. Women usually wear bright colors and designs. perahan-u-tunban Dress: Includes shalwar kameez, which is made differently for males and females. Males usually wear a kufi, Kandahari cap, turban, or pakul as traditional headgear. Leaders sometimes wear a karakul hat. Women typically wear solid-colored trousers, a long qemis shirt with a belt and a cotton hijab. Often they will wear an encompassing burqa over this outfit. More elaborate and fancier dresses are detailed with gold threading, gold beads, and come in many different colors on silk fabrics. These dresses are usually worn to special occasions and weddings.
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