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Chapter 4 - Bill of Rights
Transcript of Chapter 4 - Bill of Rights
Congress is forbidden from establishing an official religion or from favoring one religion
Separation of church and state Freedom of Speech
Protects Americans’ right to express opinions about the govt. & to criticize the actions of the govt.
Cannot use right to freedom of speech to injure others
Slander – knowingly making false statements that another person’s reputation Freedom of the Press
Allows all Americans to express their thoughts freely in writing
Not the right to engage in libel – the act of publishing falsehoods that damage a person’s reputation
Courts have made decisions regarding new technologies
Television & radio broadcasts are protected under the 1st Amendment Freedom of Assembly
Freedom to hold meetings
Must be peaceful Freedom of Petition
Gives you the right to contact your Congressional representatives & ask them to pass laws in your favor Bill of Rights Second Amendment Asserts right for a militia & protects the right to keep & bear arms Third Amendment Prevents soldiers from taking over private homes in peace time or war unless authorized by law Fourth Amendment Prohibits unreasonable searches & seizure
Must be just cause to search property
Property cannot be taken for use by the govt. Search warrant – legal document that describes the place to be searched & the person or things to be seized Issued only if there is good reason to believe that evidence of a crime will be found Fifth Amendment Protects the rights of accused person Grand jury must indict (formally accuse)
Protects accused from a hasty govt. action Protects an accused person from self-incrimination Protects from double jeopardy Applies the due process of law -
Person cannot be punished for a crime until the law has been fairly applied to the case Guarantees all Americans the right to own private property Eminent domain: govt. can take private property Govt. must pay a fair price Sixth Amendment provides the right to a speedy trial Seventh Amendment provides the right to a trial by jury in civil suits Courts cannot set excessive bail Bail is the money or property the accused gives a court to hold – guarantee that they’ll appear for court Eighth Amendment prohibits excessive bail & fines, also prohibits cruel & unusual punishment Ninth Amendment protects people’s rights that are not listed in Constitution (right to work or live anywhere you wish) Tenth Amendment Grants states & people powers that are not listed in Constitution (right to abort a child)