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World War II
Transcript of World War II
United States Germany
Great Britain Japan
Soviet Union Italy
The United States was struggling to get out of the Great Depression when World War II broke out in Europe. The United States was trying to keep a policy of
Hitler had a quest for power and began taking over land in Europe. France and Great Britain agreed to let him take over the Sudetenland, in an act of appeasement
On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland and then France and Great Britain declared war on Germany.
After conquering Denmark, Finland, Holland, Belgium, Luxembourg, and a large portion of France Hitler set his eyes to Great Britain. German forces heavily bombed Great Britain from August to December of 1940, but the Royal Air Force held them back.
President Roosevelt called it a "Day that will live in infamy" and on December 8th Congress declared war on Japan. A few days later Germany and Italy declared war on the United States.
World War II
The 1930s was the time for the rise of dictators.
Germany was led by Adolf Hitler
Italy was led by Benito Mussolini
Japan was led by Emperor Hirohito
Soviet Union was led by Joseph Stalin
The United States Enters the War
The United States kept their neutrality, but knew that Great Britain was the only country that could stop the Germans from crossing the Atlantic Ocean.
The United States stop exporting airplanes, metals, aircraft parts, and aviation gasoline to the Japanese. Roosevelt also seized all Japanese property in the United States.
On December 7, 1941 the Japanese attacked the U.S. military base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
Women in the War
Women were not allowed to go into combat in World War II so they took over jobs to free men to fight on the battlefront.
The WASPs (Women's Air Force Service Pilots) trained as pilots and delivered planes from factories to airfields.
Segregation in the War
Because of segregation there was a reduced amount of African Americans in the war effort at first.
The Red Ball express was a trucking unit that gave supplies to soldiers moving through Germany and France and was manned by African Americans.
The Tuskegee Airmen, all black flight crews, completed over 1,578 missions with the Army Air Force.
Native Americans also served in the war effort. Over 425 Navajo served in the marine corp as communication specialists using their native language as a code that was never broken. They were known as the "Code Talkers" and took part in every assault the U.S. Marines conducted in the Pacific from 1942 to 1945. They were sworn to secrecy after the war in case their language needed to be used again.
The Italian people overthrew Mussolini and joined the Allies.
Dwight D. Eisenhower became the Supreme Commander Forces and was in charge of recapturing Europe.
On June 6, 1944, Allied forces landed at Normandy in Northern France. This day was known as D-Day.
The United States and the Soviet Union were working across Europe to recapture German occupied countries.
The last German forces surrendered to the Allies in May.
How Georgia Helped the War Effort
Farmers planted peanuts for oil
Raised cotton and livestock
Rationed gasoline, shoes, meat, butter, and sugar
Women used leg makeup instead of wearing nylon stockings
Georgia donated 13 million pints of blood for the wounded
Students collected everyday items: toothbrushes, washcloths, soap, pencils, and writing pads.
Students made candles to send to Great Britain
Bought war bonds and defense stamps
Collected scrap metal
Georgia was home to many POW camps during the war: Fort Oglethorpe, Fort Benning, Fort Gordon, Fort Stewart, and Camp Wheeler
War production pulled the United States out of the last stages of the Great Depression
The War in the Pacific
Allied forces began daily air raids on Japan.
On July 26th the Allied forces demanded that Japan surrender. Japan refused. To bring an earlier end to war and avoid the loss of half a million American lives, President Truman authorized the use of a new weapon.
On August 6th, a U.S. bomber dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima. A second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9th.
World War II was over
During World War II
Over 50 million people died.
The United States lost 300,000
Great Britain lost over 450,000
The Soviet Union lost over 20 million people
The war cost the United States $360 billion
As Allied troops pushed into Poland, Austria, and Germany they began to see the real horrors of the Nazi Party.
Concentration camps were set up by the Nazis as the "final solution to the Jewish problem".
The Holocaust was the name given to the systematic extermination of 6 million Jews.
Georgia during the War
World War II brought prosperity to Georgia. The state became the sight of several military installations including Fort Benning, Camp Gordon, Fort Stewart, Hunter Airfield, and Warner Robins Air Field.
The war came close to Georgia's shores in 1942. A German submarine sank the S.S. Oklahoma and the Esso Baton Rouge off the coast of St. Simons. The community raced out with fishing boats and yachts and rescued the survivors of both boats.
The Atlanta Airport became an airbase in 1941 and Delta named Atlanta its home.