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The Itpt Class 2

attributive clause & Types of Reading Questions
by

Hugo Zheng

on 16 April 2011

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Transcript of The Itpt Class 2

QQ 群 39679366 美麗心情 This is Hugo's Class.
Welcome my Friends! Tony Blair, 53, British Prime Minister, was questioned for almost two hours by police investigators about some wealthy individuals in London who were asked to make secret loans to the Labor Party in return for seats in the House of Lords. Blair, who denied any wrongdoing and was questioned as a witness, not as a suspect, is the first serving British Prime Minister to be interviewed by police conducting a criminal inquiry. So far, more than 90 people have been questioned in the investigation, including members of the Conservative and Liberal Democrat parties, whose funding is also being examined by police. 53sui的英國首相托尼•布雷爾被警方調員盤問了將近兩個小時。此次審訊she及一些倫敦的富人,英國工党曾向這些人秘密(私募)貸款以使其在上院獲得一席之地。布雷爾是首個被罪案調cha員審問的在職首相;不過在此次調cha中,他只是作為證人而非嫌犯,他否認自己有任何罪行。至此,包括保守黨和自由民主黨成員在内的90餘人都遭到了警方的訊問,警方同樣也在調cha他們的資金來源。

閱Reading題型的知己知彼 Reading考的題型主要是細節題,另外還會有
態度題,主旨題,推理題,詞彙題等。
各類題型表現形式不同,考cha重點各異。 in return for 換取
seat 席位,官位
labor part 工黨
the House of Lords 上院
wrongdoing 過失
serving 在任的
Liberal Democrat party 自由民主黨

美國國會 congress
内閣 cabinet 1、細節題:
針對文章---cha查讀法

(1) 列舉題:
Which of the following can be considered as…..?
All of the following are…..expect….? (2)例子功能題:題幹中首先出現例子,然後出現帶有表目的意味的短語(to+ V)(for +n.)主要是考察文章中舉此例的功能是什麼。
The author cites the example of… to …..;
The writer cites the story of ….in order to…
Sth is introduced to… (3)語義題:
Which of the following can best express the meaning of……….
The word/ phrase/sentence…..is closest in meaning to which of the following? (4) 直接事實題:題幹中出現因果意關係詞,或者帶有因果意味:Sth. is … because…./for…
直接事實題中的因果關係詞:
1 because, since, for, as,
2 be attributable to, be traceable to, consequently, lie in, result from, therefore (5)信息題:(不可定位資訊題)
Which of the following is true (not true)?
The author of the passage agrees(does not agree) which of the following? 細節題注意点:考生做細節題時,要注意合理但不正確的選項。很多考生在做題時,忽視了題目與原文的聯繫,憑著合理性的主觀猜想選擇答案。結果很多考生感覺做得很好,但對答案時發現錯了很多。另外,很多表示程度、範圍、頻率等的副詞或形容詞可能會導致選項錯誤。所以,細節題要求考生非常細心。
2、態度題 Which of the following best describes the basic tone of the passage?
Which of the following shows the author’s attitude towards…? 態度題解題方法:從原則上來講,態度題可以考查作者對一個中心話題的看法,也可以考查作者對某一具體細節的態度,但是從歷年考法來看,閱讀更加注重考查文章中心話題。所以,態度題經常可以通過文章主題來判斷作者的態度。 態度題注意點:考生應該熟練掌握在態度題中經常出現的單詞。另外,從以前中級考試的情況來看,作者的態度一般是或褒或貶,或樂觀或擔憂,中性評價為正確答案的較少。 3、主旨題 1容型主題:

Which of the following can serve as the best title of the passage?
Which of the following best express the main idea of the passage?
What is the author’s purpose of the passage?
Which of the following best summarizes the main idea? 2寫法型主題:

What are the author’s basic writing skills in this passage?
What method does the author use in writing this passage?
Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage? 主旨題解題方法:從理論上來講,主旨題是中級各類題型中要求最高的,因為它要求考生看完文章後,能對文章的大概框架作一個宏觀把握,從而解答後面的題目。但是把握文章框架對很多考生來說,是不能做到的。慶倖的是,一般的文章,都可以找到文章主題句,或者是可以體現文章主題的句子或單詞。
   文章主題一般在前兩段出現,所以考生要比較關注前兩段結論性的語言。中級讀在全文首句出現文章主題的情況比較多見。另外,第一段轉折性的語言,通常也能體現作者的觀點偏好。 4、推理題 Which of the following is implied in the passage?
Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
It can be concluded from the passage that…
推理題解題方法:推理題難度高,不在於推理難,而在於找答案沒有方向。比如,題目可能會What can be inferred from the passage? What can be concluded from the passage?如果我們對考題作一個仔細分析,可以發現conclude和infer還是有些答案找的方向的。Conclude提問的題目,一般會及原文中結論性,觀點性的語言,尤其是段落首末的句子。而infer提問的題目,如果題幹資訊比較多比較具體,一般可以當作細節題來處理,如果題幹資訊比較少,則考原文觀點結論的語言比較多,甚至考文章主題。 5、詞彙題 (1)、詞彙題表現形式
  詞彙題一般會明確地告訴考生出題點在哪裡,不需要考生找所考容。它可以考一個單詞的含義,一個片語的意思,或者考一個句子的弦外之音。 (2)、詞彙題解題方法
  詞彙題是考生得分率較低的一類題,因為它需要考生從上下文中進行分析,推敲單詞背後的意思。問單詞或片語的意思,加強調上下文邏輯分析;有時用轉折邏輯,但更多是利用並列邏輯。考句子的含義,找答案的方向還得做一個細分:如果句子簡單,一般在上下文中尋找答案;如果句子複雜,則更加傾向於在句子部找答案。
(3)、詞彙題注意點
  如果考簡單單詞,正確答案會與該單詞的常用意思沒有多大關係;如果考難詞,感覺很難有分析的線索時,就把四個選項代到原文中,使得原文邏輯正確,意思同學的為正確答案;如果考句子的含義而導致分析完全沒有思路時,不妨結合文章問題來分析,可以體現主題,或與主題的邏輯一致,一般就是答案。
切割練習 One of the features of London is the number of big stores, most of which are to be found in or near the West End.


倫敦的一大特色是有很多大商場,這些商場大多坐落在倫敦西區。 Today’s Japan is totally different from the Japan of five decades ago, particularly in social attitudes, which have strayed from traditional Asian values.
如今的日本和五十年前已經完全不同了,尤其是人們的社會態度,已經大大偏離了傳統的亞洲價觀。 http://7999.com/c/guowai.html
國外網址 3月考生請關注上一年9-12月初的700-800字長的society, law, economy, environment, scientific breakthrough,art, entertainment, literature類文章,9月考生請關注當年3-6月初的文章,中高口讀考題全部來自于這些歐美主流媒體,所以熟悉背景知識很重要。讀文章主要是先找段主題,個topic讀4-5篇文章要再總結一下常見該topic的詞彙: 衛報 http://www.guardian.co.uk/
金融時報 http://news.ft.com/home/asia
經濟學人 http://www.economist.com/
時代週刊 http://www.time.com/time/
商業週刊 http://www.businessweek.com/
新聞週刊 http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3032542/site/newsweek/
泰晤士報、星期日泰晤士報 http://www.timesonline.co.uk/ gigabyte???
In English,
10^3 = thousand
10^6 = million
10^9 = billion
10^12 = trillion ANSWER then ASK Typical Chinglish 10^15 = quadrillion
10^18 = quintillion
10^21 = sextillion
10^24 = septillion
10^27 = octillion
10^30 = nonillion
10^33 = decillion 簡單實用的結論:中文定語一般在中心詞前面,譯為英文後置後。
一般來說,形容詞置前,其餘置後。
公司有4家全資專業從事工程施工的單位。 The corporation has four wholly-owned companies specializing in engineering and construction. 一、使用介詞 劍橋大學培養出了諸如牛頓、培根、拜倫、彌爾頓、達爾文這樣的偉大科學家、思想家和詩人,他們為人類的進步做出了傑出的貢獻。 Cambridge universities nurtured great scientists such as Newton, Bacon, Byron, Milton and Darwin, who made outstanding contribution to the progress of mankind. 衣、食和基本用品支出的比重大幅下降,住房、交通通信、醫療保健、文教娛樂等的支出比重迅速上升。 The proportion of expenditure on food, clothing and daily necessities declines substantially while that on housing, transportation, communication, health care, education and entertainment surges rapidly. 二、多個形容詞的處理 中國已經發展成為一個全球極富吸引力的大市場。 China has developed into a large market with attraction worldwide.(global appeal) 中國政府將更加積極地推進全方位、多層次、寬領域的對外開放,參與國際經濟合作與競爭。 The Chinese government will more actively promote the all-directional, multi-leveled and wide-ranging opening up and participate in the cooperation and competition in international economy. 三、使用不定式 貿易自由化和便利化是我們縮小差距,實現共同繁榮的另一個關鍵。

Trade liberalization and facilitation is another key for us to narrow the gap and realize common prosperity. 四、使用分詞 西部大開發一定能成為溝通世界各國和中國的一座橋樑,促進中國和世界經濟的共同發展,共同繁榮。

The large-scale development of western China is sure to become a bridge linking china and other countries in the world to promote their common development and prosperity. 五、使用從句 每一年一度由政府主辦的藝術嘉年華為當地藝術家展示其獨創性提供了一個廣闊的平臺。
The art carnival held annually/once a year by the government provides a broad platform for the local artists to show their novelty. 著名物理學家楊振寧教授曾說:“高科技戰場是中國超越發達國家的主戰場,也是最後的戰場。”

1. According to professor Yang Zhenning, high-tech battlefield is the major and also the last one for China to overtake the advanced countries.
2. Professor Yang Zhenning said that high-tech battlefield is the major and also the last one where China will overtake the advanced countries. Position Exaggerate Magnetic 定語的處理 C-E Livemocha + LingQ + Speak2me And in your eyes i see ribbons of color
i see us inside of each other
i feel my unconscious merge with yours
and i hear a voice say
"what's his is hers"
i'm falling into you
this dream could come true
and it feels so good falling into you
i was afraid to let you in here
now i have learned love can't be made in fear
the walls begin to tumble down
and i can't even see the ground 明眸宛若流光溢彩的綢緞
彼此緊緊相溶
不知不覺中讓我融你入心頭
耳鬢斯磨"我的一切都是你的所有"
那夢境成真的感覺
是如此美妙的享受
曾因害怕失去不敢去擁有
現在終於明白---愛要無懼無憂
當一切阻障消除
我身不由主墜向了你
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