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Critical Thinking

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Philippa Davies

on 15 January 2017

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Transcript of Critical Thinking

Bibliography
Cottrell, Stella, Critical Thinking Skills (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011)
De Bruyckere, Pedro, Urban Myths about Learning and Education (Academic Press, 2015)
Ennis, Robert H. and Weir, Eric, The Ennis-Weir Critical Thinking Essay Test (Midwest Publications, 1985)
Fisher, Robert, Teaching Children to Think (Nelson Thornes, 2005)
Fisher, Robert, Teaching Children to Learn 2nd edition (Nelson Thornes, 2005)
Frank, Christine, Rinvolucri, Mario and Berer, Marge, Challenge to Think (OUP, 1982)
Ghahremani-Ghojar and Abdolhamid Mirhosseini, English Class or Speaking about Everything Class? Dialogue Journal Writing as a Critical EFL Literacy Practice in an Iranian High School in “Language, Culture and Curriculum”, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2005
Halvosen, Andy, Incorporating Critical Thinking Skills Development into ESL/EFL Courses in “The Internet TESL Journal”, Vol. XI, No. 3, March 2005
Lindstromberg, Seth, Language Activities for Teenagers (CUP, 2004)
Puchta, Herbert and Schratz, Michael, Teaching Teenagers (Longman, 1993)
Thornbury, Scott, How to Teach Speaking (Longman, 2005)

www.biglazyrobot.com
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_map_projections
www.macmillanglobal.com/resources/critical-eye-elessons
www.ipcc.ch
www.nipccreport.com
www.teachingenglish.org.uk/tips/critical thinking
www.viewsoftheworld.net
Critical Thinking
Philippa Davies

4. Question and hypothesize
Not doing your homework
2. Find a "hook"
www.teachingenglish.org.uk/tips/critical-thinking
5. Question sources and statistics
7. Challenge assertions
A. Hair is useful
What is Critical Thinking?
1. Learning how to question, when to question, and what questions to ask

2. Learning how to reason, when to use reasoning and what reasoning methods to use

(Fisher, 2005)

3. Consider multiple perspectives
Idea adapted from Lindsay Clandfield's Macmillan Critical Eye e-lesson
www.viewsoftheworld.net
6. Encourage Analytical Thinking
What's the message?
8. Allow reflection and response
Give students an opportunity to:

Critically reflect on their learning (strengths, weaknesses etc.)
Voice their opinions about class activities
Comment on the reasoning behind your methodology


“Only by engaging higher order thinking, the executive or control areas of the brain, can we ensure that learning will be meaningful and will last”
(Fisher, 2005)

1. Ask the right questions
Ask fewer, but better, questions
Seek better answers
Encourage children to ask their own questions
Avoid closed questions

Examples
What do you think…?
How do you know…?
Why do you think that…?
Do you have a reason…?
How can you be sure…?
Is this always so…?
What if…?/What if not…?
Where is there another example of this…?
What do you think happens next?

Why?
www.biglazyrobot.com
1. Why do you think so?
2. What's your evidence for that?
3. Why does that matter?
seth Lindstromberg, 2004
"The human effect is likely to be small relative to natural variability, and whatever small warming is likely to occur will produce benefits as well as costs."
(NIPCC)
“It is extremely likely that human influence on climate caused more than half of the observed increase in global average surface temperature from 1951 to 2010.”
(IPCC)
B: Every house needs a roof
1. Why do you think so?
2. What's your evidence for that?
3. Why does that matter?
1. Summarise the argument in each quote.
2. Which one do you agree with? Why?
"I think the message of the movie is now we are obsessed with the mobile phone. In the future we will be idiots, like robots, and we can’t do anything if we haven’t mobile phone. Now the mobile phone companies make very bad phones and with this, the companys are very rich, because we need to buy new phones” (Lara, 11)
“I think the message of the film is that the persons don’t talk to his friends they are with his mobile phone and it’s bad use it a lot of time. The message is that the robots are obsesive and the companys bring out mobiles news and more good than the olds”. (Victor, 12)

So...
What did you learn in this session?

Are there any activities you would use/adapt?

Feel free to comment and ask questions!

criticalthinkingjuly@gmail.com
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