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Pacific Islander Migration to Australia After 1945
Transcript of Pacific Islander Migration to Australia After 1945
How Have Pacific Islander Migrants
Made a Significant Impact on
Australian Political Policy After 1945?
But Miss, What Do All These Fancy Words Mean?
Influx in Migration
The very first seed of multi-cultural Australia sprouted during the Second World War. At this time, the White Australia Policy was still in control, although cracks began to show. Refugees from all over the pacific flooded Australia's shore lines. Arthur Calwell, the first immigration minister, sought for them to be deported, arousing an absurd protest. Then, in 1949, Minister Holt decided to let 800 non-european refugees stay. This decision, made by the persistence of Pacific Islander people, led towards a non-discriminatory immigration Policy.
Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement
Abuse of the System
What Is A Migrant?
"A person who moves from one place to another in order to find work or better living conditions."
What Is a Political Policy?
"A Course or Principle of action adopted or proposed by an organization or individual." ~Oxford Dictionary
Policies Specific to Australia Include...
* The White Australia Policy
*The Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement
(We will talk about these later
in the Presentation)
Where Are The Pacific Islands?
*This presentation will be mainly based around Fiji due to it's migration history*
So now we know where the Pacific Islands are and what a migrant and political policy is. Now is when we have to start digging deeper. Why did migrants come here? How did they get here? What Australian Political Policies did their migration effect? To answer these questions, we have to go backwards in time. From the most recent Incidents involving fijian migration, to the first
What is a Coup?
"A sudden, Violent, and illegal seizure of power from the government."
Here is an amature "Movie Trailer" for the 1987 Fiji Coup
Four In Total
There has been four coups in Fiji's history. But the one I want to focus on is the first that occurred on may 14th 1987. The first Labour party had been elected on the April 12th under the government of traditional leader Timoci Bravadra. Only a few days later, the military's first coup swung into action...
There are many theories to suggest why the military decided to take over the government. The most common says that it was to protect the special interests of the indigenous Fijian community. Other sources say that it was the unwillingness of the leaders to give up their power. I guess this one is up to further studies to decide...
*Here is a tribute made to Timoci Bravadra by the Fiji Labour Party*
So, How Did This Effect Australia?
The coups made the whole of the Pacific, especially Fiji, Terrified. They were all looking for some where safe to live and work. So, as you can imagine, Australia provided the perfect place. In the graph this is proved with the huge spike of Pacific Islanders migrating to Australia in 1987.
We can now recite the push and pull factors of Pacific Islander Migration to Australia. The push factor being the coups, and the pull factor being good living conditions in a safe country. But before we can find out the political impacts of their migration, We need to know how they got here...
The Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement allows Australians and New Zealanders to live and work in each others countries without restriction. Many non-european countries abused this system due to the White Australia Policy...
Official Government Website
The White Australia Policy
Quick Break down
Basically the White Australia Policy aimed to make the whole of Australia's population European, preferably British. This meant that any body from Asian/Pacific countries could not live in Australia. But this wasn't going to stop them...
(It was also the cause of the Stolen Generations...but that's another topic)
Without entry into Australia directly, the people of the Pacific Islands were stranded. Except...there was a loophole. The entry restrictions into New Zealand were far less strict, giving them an opportunity to live and work. Once they had lived there for two or more years, depending on the circumstances, they were granted entry into the land down under. This process became known as "Black Birding." The only other option was to marry into an Australian family, which at the time, was very rare.
*44,000 People fled Fiji between 1987 and 1990*
Okay, we finally have all the information we could possibly need about Pacific Islander migrants. It's now time, to answer our key question. How have Pacific Islander migrants made a significant impact on Australian Political Policy after 1945?
Beginning of the End
...and look at where we are today
Pacific Islanders did not make a significant impact on Australian Political Policy. But they did make an impact. With the evidence provided It isn't likely that any one ethnic group could have made a significant impact alone. The raw point of multiculturalism is all races forging together to become one. So, it stands to reason that if one country was to stand up alone, it would defeat the purpose. Pacific Islanders used the help of New Zealand and Indigenous Australia to make a dent in the White Australia Policy. And as more and more groups joined, it was abolished.
Fijian culture is very traditional and eco-friendly. Even as the country develops, traditional ceremonies and eco-sustainability still remain at the forefront of policies. Even as a tourist, you will be expected to take past in many greeting ceremonies and witness the flourishing natural environment of the islands. Fijians also have a very rich arts culture including traditional dances, music and clothing.
*A traditional Fijian greeting ceremony*
*Traditional Fijian Clothing*
Wait to hear the inspirational story of Nancy Prasad
Thanks to Pacific Islanders and their acceptance of multiculturalism, we know live in a mixed ethnic society. We have backgrounds with roots growing from across the globe and we all are enriched in different cultures. Our minds are only becoming more open with each generation, and our ability to assimilate with different people is getting stronger. We have respect for our own background and wish to learn more and more of our past every day. The abolishment of the White australia Policy has made our young country of Australia an ideal place to live, work and visit because we welcome those of difference and worship those with a story.
We All Have A Place