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short wwbp

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Lyle Ungar

on 5 December 2016

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Transcript of short wwbp

Measuring Psychological States
through Social Media
Positive Psychology Center
University of Pennsylvania
Individuals

on friday monday sunday saturday tuesday thursday night wednesday weekend next week until morning afternoon tomorrow till working nights
chicken cheese dinner yum soup made rice bacon bread yummy fried eating salad cooking eggs sauce making eat potatoes
Gender
Neuroticism
Extraversion
Goal:
collective
mind in
time and space
Use of Dictionaries
Open Language Analysis
Explicit Language Warning
Life Satisfaction
Communities
| wwbp.org
Heart Disease
life satisfaction
philanthropy
Twitter predicts Heart Disease?
*
Twitter Predicting Heart Disease
|
Personality
Media
Gender
Age
(public)
Personality
Open-Vocabulary Analysis Infrastructure
Language
Use
Extract
Features
n-grams
phrases
topics
concepts
language characteristics
parts-of-speech
types of phrases
manually-created lexicons
(clusters of related words / phrases)
LDA (David Blei et al., 2002; McCallum, 2002 "MALLET")
(clusters of similar words / phrases, identified by super-concepts )
concept analysis over WordNet (Schwartz, 2011)
distributional similarity Models
snow cold weather outside warm hot its degrees winter heat freezing snowing ice here inside inches summer degree storm

on friday monday sunday saturday tuesday thursday night wednesday weekend next week until morning afternoon tomorrow till working nights
my mom dad with husband wife parents son daughter kids love ex mum brother wonderful hubby sister boyfriend mother
party tonight at halloween birthday night fun club bar dance costume bday parties come saturday via dj sms house
pain blood hospital teeth surgery doctor from tooth dentist wisdom after has brain having doctors had doc pulled pressure
chicken cheese dinner yum soup made rice bacon bread yummy fried eating salad cooking eggs sauce making eat potatoes
entity
physical entity
abstract entity
object
causal agent
matter
process
psychological feature
group
quantity
relation
artifact
cognition
person
nature
social group
association
community
your tender eyes fill mine with roses
NP
PP
NP
VP
NP
S
Volunteer
Information
personality
gender
age
other constructs
Correlation
Pearson R
linear regression
Visualizations
Gender
?
Accuracy:
92%
Heart Disease
Accuracy?
Eichstaedt et al.,
Psych Science,
2015
Building an Instrument
The Language of Life Satisfaction
The Language of Life Satisfaction
Takeaways
Social Media Measurement is efficient.
Unobtrusive & cheap
High Spatial Resolution
Social Media gives insight...
Data driven
Infinite set of variables
Large conceptual & behavioral resolution
Next: use to develop new measurement scales
Maybe you want to collect language, too?
Openness
Conscientiousness
Positive Emotion
words
Negative Emotion
words
...
...
World-Well Being Project | wwbp.org
Age
13
typical life stage words
partnering
classes of emotions
attitudinal stances
Vacation & coffee
grown-up life
alcohol
I / we
pro/anti-social topics
13-18
19-22
23-29
30+
tweet language featutes:
Lexica: LIWC, PERMA Well-Being
LDA Topics: 2000 (Facebook derived)
controls:
demographics (ethnicity, gender, age)
socio-economics (income, education)
distributed processes
distributed processes
Eichstaedt0, J. C.*, Schwartz, H. A.*, Kern, M. L., Dziurzynski, L., Lucas, R. E., Agrawal, M., Park, G. J., Lakshmikanth, S. K., Jha, S., Seligman, M. E. P., & Ungar, L. H. (2013). Characterizing Geographic Variation in Well-Being using Tweets. In
Proceedings of the Seventh International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM)
. Boston, MA. (* same contribution)
Current Projects
Personality x Gender
Agreeableness
Protective against Heart Disease
Risk for Heart Disease
RISK
PROTECTIVE
Anger/Aggression
Good Jobs
Positive Emotions
Optimism
Anti-Social
Disengagement

Depression
N = 16,507
Low Mood
Low Self-Worth

Depression
Schwartz, Eichstaedt et al., PLOSone, 2013
Kern, Eichstaedt et al., Assessment, 2013
Personality
?
Accuracy?
Park et al., 2014, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
50-1000 subjects
1.3 billion users
<
Psychological Research
Google Flu Trends
Future
Perceived Gender
Empathy
Bad Empathy
Deliberative
Compassionate
Salutogenic
Good Empathy
Automatic
Self-focused
Pathogenic
vs.
Empathy
Emotionally stable individuals
Suicide
Counties with less suicide
Anneke Buffone
Bad Empathy
Good Empathy
Lyle Ungar
r = .4
Johannes Eichstaedt
Johannes Eichstaedt
with Anneke Buffone, Johannes Eichstaedt ...
Age, gender, race, income
Personality, PERMA
SWL, stress, depression
emotion: valence, arousal, ...
empathy, trust, optimism, pessimism
political orientation
actively open minded thinking
counterfactual use
future orientation
locus of control

We model the language of
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