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What Makes An Animal Domesticated?

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Meg Trumper

on 19 December 2014

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Transcript of What Makes An Animal Domesticated?

What Makes An Animal Domesticated?
What is domestication in animals?
Willingness To Breed In Captivity
Animals WITH this ability:
Animals WITHOUT this ability:
some pandas
Calm by Nature
Cattle and Sheep = good example
Easy going, don't look for trouble
African buffalo, American bison = bad example
unpredictable actions, dangerous towards humans
Horses vs. Zebras
No Picky Eaters
Find their own or eat what is provided
Herbivores - find grain or eat grass
Carnivores - beg, hunt, eat what is provided
Sometimes eat mice, rats, etc. that may be found eating scraps
What Makes The Animal Domesticated?
Reach full maturity quickly
Willing to breed in captivity
Calm by nature
No tendency to flee or panic in high pressure situations
Conform to social hierarchy
Cannot be a picky eater
Reaching Full Maturity...Quickly
Spend as little time as possible feeding & caring for animal before they will be slaughtered or put to work
Animals not able to be domesticated because of this:
Longer life cycles
No Strong Tendency to Flee
Can't always try to escape
Humans will not look over an animal that cannot be controlled
Animals we normally think of (dog, cat, horse, cattle, sheep) do not flee at a time of panic
Reason the fox could not be domesticated
Conform to Social Hierarchy
Will not be ruler of "pack"
Cannot be too aggressive, especially toward humans
LiveScience.com says "with the exception of the cat, all of the major domesticated animals conform to a social hierarchy dominated by strong leadership"
Domestication = taming an animal to live with humans as a pet or work animal, usually losing it's ability to live in the wild
Grouping of Mammals
Carnivores- meat eaters
Hebivores- plant eaters
Omnivores- eat both plants and animals
When and Where?
Started domesticating in 8,500 BC
Cattle-- 6,500 BC; Eastern Sahara
Dogs--14-30,000 BC; Undertimined
Cats-- 8,500 BC; Fertile Crescent
Horses-- 3,600 BC; Kazakhstan
Sheep/Goats-- 8,500BC/8,000BC; Western Asia
6,500 BC
Milk, meat, hyde, ability to do work
Able to eat/digest cellulose due to ruminant digestive system
Harder to tame than other animals
3,500 BC
Labor, very large and strong
Improved warfare--made armies more mobile, dangerous, destructive
Improved agriculture
7,000 BC
For their meat
Will eat anything, scavenge
Cheapest, little care/supervision
Sheep and Goats
First to be domesticated
Most docile, easiest to tame
Milk, meat, wool/fur
Ruminant digestive system (like cattle)
Easier to find food, easier to domesticate
Single Domestication
Some single animals, not entire species
Cannot reach all "checkpoints"
Full transcript