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3 methods to teach imperatives

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Lucía Pérez

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of 3 methods to teach imperatives

3 methods to teach Imperatives
Warm-up activity
Activity 1 - Total Physical Response Method
Coordination of speech and action
Teach language through physical activity
Use of action-based drills in the imperative form
Students listen and respond physically to commands
Grammar is taught inductively
Spanish omelette recipe
Appealing for students
Having a good time
Absence of stress
Positive atmosphere
Spanish omelette recipe
Topic
Language skills
Imperative tense
Verbs and vocabulary on cooking and food
Improving listening and comprehension skills
Spanish omelette recipe
Materials: pictures of the different ingredients and tools needed
Listen, follow the instructions and cook your own spanish omelette
Song
Problem solving: Giving directions
Giving directions
Topic
Activity: giving instructions
Activity 2 - Task-Based Language Teaching
Task involving realia and a real-world activity
Development of intrinsic motivation
Emphasis on communication (creation of output)
Negotiation of meaning
Focus on meaning and purpose
Language Skills
Activity 2 : Guide a foreign group of students
Giving Directions
pre-task
task
fill in the gaps following the map
post-task
In groups choose a person who will be the Spanish student, then he or she has to give the directions to the rest of the group to go to the Muvim. They should arrive on time!
Activity 3 - Communicative Language Teaching
Communication is not simply a matter of what is said, but where it is said, by whom, when and why it is said
Communicative competence is the ultimate goal of language teaching
Emphasis on the process of communication, rather than mastery of language forms
Fluency in the target language
PRESENTATION stage: Placing in context plus introduction of the new language

Look at this picture and guess where we are!

Can we use our mobile phones here?
Can we eat here? Can we drink?
Can we shout?
What must we do?


The PPP Approach to language:
PRACTICE stage: Four contexts for creating rules with the Imperative
Based on the real-life needs of the students
Entertaining
Critical awareness raising
Basic vocabulary on directions
Use of imperative forms
Speaking
Negotiating meaning
Museum
Public Swimming pool
Zoo
Underground
These are the rules in a classroom:
Creating rules in different contexts
- Don´t drink
- Don´t eat
- Don´t shout
- Listen to the teacher
- Be quiet please
- Turn off your mobile phone
- Keep calm
..........
PRODUCTION stage:
You have now acquired enough practice, so each of you will be able to give examples of different contexts and the general rules to be followed in them. Yes!!...You have learned how to use the Imperative in English
Introduction
Level: 3rd of ESO. A2
The use of imperatives and how they work. Affirmative (do that) and negative form (don't do that).
Methods used:
Total Physical Response - TPR
Task-Based Language Teaching - TBLT
Communicative Language Teaching - CLT
"HEY JUDE", The Beatles
Listen and complete the gaps with the imperatives below
It would be listened twice
Conclusion
TPR Give instructions
TBLT Directions
CLL Creating rules and commands
From less to more difficulty
From less to more production of the students
The activities encourage the students' creativity
They are related to real life and they are very representative of each method
Full transcript