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Guy de Maupassant
Transcript of Guy de Maupassant
Tragedy and suffering of war
Loved solitude, retirement, meditation
Constant desire for solitude
Obsession for self-preservation
Fear of death and paranoia of persecution
The Franco-Prussian war
Laure Le Poittevin de Maupassant, who is Guy de Maupassant's mother. Summary: His Syphilis caused increasing mental disorder
1892- Tried to commit suicide by cutting his throat
Sent to the private asylum of Dr. Esprit Blanch at Passy in Paris
Died there on July 6, 1893
Penned his own epitaph:
"I have coveted everything and taken pleasure in nothing." Franco-Prussian war(1870-1873) The Terror is about a man who is justifying his reasons for marriage with his fear of loneliness. The man begins to tell us what led him to this fear and how this fear has drove him to madness. 1851-Louis Napoleon executes a coup d'état and shuts down the Assembly
1852-Proclamation of the second empire by Napoleon III
1853-Baron Georges appointed prefect of the Seine and begins a massive "strategic beatification" of Paris that creates new boulevards, parks and sewer systems.
1859-French occupation of Saigon
1864-First workers' international created in London
1867-French abandon Mexico, Emperor Maximilian is executed 1870-Franco-Prussian war
19 July- France declares war on Prussia
1 Sept- Surrender of Napoleon III at sedan
19 Sept- Siege of Paris
1873-German troops leave France upon completion of payment of indemnity for Franco-Prussian war. Excerpt from The Terror Excerpt from The Necklace Map of France "Suddenly she discovered, in a black satin case, a superb diamond necklace; her heart began to beat covetously. Her hands trembled as she lifted it. She fastened it round her neck, upon her high dress, and remained in ecstasy at sight of herself.
Then, with hesitation, she asked in anguish:
"Could you lend me this, just this alone?"
"Yes, of course."
She flung herself on her friend's breast, embraced her frenziedly, and went away with her treasure. The day of the party arrived. Madame Loisel was a success. She was the prettiest woman present, elegant, graceful, smiling, and quite above herself with happiness. All the men stared at her, inquired her name, and asked to be introduced to her. All the Under-Secretaries of State were eager to waltz with her. The Minister noticed her." Summary: "I could see nothing of my friend but his head, and he had evidently gone to sleep while waiting for me, so I went up to him to rouse him. I saw him quite distinctly; his right arm was hanging down and his legs were crossed; the position of his head, which was somewhat inclined to the left of the armchair, seemed to indicate that he was asleep. "Who can it be?" I asked myself. I could not see clearly, as the room was rather dark, so I put out my hand to touch him on the shoulder, and it came in contact with the back of the chair. There was nobody there; the seat was empty.
I fairly jumped with fright. For a moment I drew back as if confronted by some terrible danger; then I turned round again, impelled by an imperious standing upright, panting with fear, so upset that I could not collect my thoughts, and ready to faint.
But I am a cool man, and soon recovered myself. I thought: "It is a mere hallucination, that is all," and I immediately began to reflect on this phenomenon. Thoughts fly quickly at such moments." A woman of amazing beauty is unhappy with her life because she, even though beautiful, was born into the middle class. Her husband is middle class as well. One day she wants to go to a high class party, but she has no good jewelry so she borrows her friends necklace. After the party she realizes that she has lost it. She spends a long time gathering and working for the money to pay it off. She eventually raises enough money. In the end, she loses all her beauty and her friend tells her it was just a prop. Characters: The narrator (Monsieur Raymon)- A man who seems to be paranoid by this feeling of emptiness and loneliness. Theme: Loneliness leads to fear
Being alone leads to being paranoid Symbols: The chair- represents loneliness and emptiness
The imaginary person- represents hopelessness and the need for company Characters: -Pride can lead to down falls
-Sometimes dignity can lead to ruin - Madame Loisel- A prideful, selfish, and ungrateful woman. Makes her husband spend his money for her, but hates that he is poor. Doesn't think of others only thinks of her social appearance and thinks she was robbed of a good social class.
- Monsieurr Loisel-A man who tries to spoil his wife with the little he has. However, she is ungrateful to him. He gives her gifts, but she doesn't accept them because they remind her of how poor they are.
- Madame Forestier-She is rich and young. She had much luck in her life and decided to take pity on madam loisel, who he her friend. Theme: Symbols:
The necklace- it represents the suffering the loisel's are about to go through. In 1869, Guy de Maupassant studied law in Paris. In 1872 to 1880 he served in the Franco-Prussian war as a civil servant. Around the time that he served in the Franco-Prussian war he contracted Syphilis which made him suffer from a mental disorder In 1861, at the age of eleven Guy de Maupassant's mom legally separated from her husband. In 1868, at the age of 18 he saved a famous poet, Algernon Charles Sunburne from drowning, at the coast of Etretat at Normandy In 1878, he was transferred to the Ministry of Public Instruction and became the contributing editor of several leading newspapers In 1992, due to mental issues and depression he tried to commit suicide by slitting his throat. In 1993 he died from complications of sypillis The Culture of France Food: Food and cooking is considered an art in French culture. Most courses are based off regional traditions. A day consists of a light continental breakfast, lunch, and dinner which is eaten around 9:00.
Eating etiquette is a must during a French meal. Both hands must remain above the table and speaking with food in the mouth is not permitted. One finished with the meal, all utensils should be placed parallel on top of the plate. A typical dinner or lunch may consist of eight to twelve courses.
Fashion: French typically wear fancy elegant clothing. Men basically wore a tailcoats or suits with trousers. Women basically wore dresses with or without cage crinoline underneath. Famous quotes "It is better to be unhappy in love than unhappy in marriage, but some people manage to be both." "It is the lives we encounter that make life worth living." "Every government has as much of a duty to avoid war as a ship's captain has to avoid a shipwreck." "I entered literary life as a meteor, and I shall leave it like a thunderbolt."