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Persuasive Writing - Expositions
Transcript of Persuasive Writing - Expositions
These texts are:
sound authoritative What are expositions? Expositions follow a specific structure. This structure is:
INTRODUCTION: thesis, preview evidence
BODY: include a series of paragraphs, topic sentence links to thesis, present evidence and analyse it, use persuasive language and makes use of cohesive devices
CONCLUSION: restates the position of the writer and how the point was proved, call to action from the writer to the audience Structure of the exposition A thesis is the argument you present to the audience to convince them of your point of view. To help develop your thesis, complete the following steps: examine the question, analyse the evidence to be used and write down a few examples that you could use.
TOPIC: Graffiti - is it art or vandalism?
The Thesis... Now that you have a thesis, lets develop your introduction. Your introduction needs to be clear and summarise the exposition for the audience. Points to consider include:
use a title with powerful language
start the introduction with a rhetorical question
start the introduction with highly emotive language
start the introduction by using personal pronouns to involve the audience
start with a clear statement in relation to the topic
Composing the introduction Your all done! TA-DAH!!! Expositions use language to convince the audience of their point of view. You need to focus on audience, vocabulary, cohesion, ideas and persuasive devices.
So what types of language features do persuasive texts use?
• Present tense – a persuasive text is written ‘now’. The verbs are written using present tense.
E.g. is, be, are, means, need, act, stop
• Action verbs – words that show what is happening
E.g. save, battle, lose, repair
• Thinking and feeling words – to convey the emotion of the topic and the writer’s point of view
E.g. believe, opinion, think, feel, know, like, grateful, surprised, doubt, trust, hope
• Emotive words – to engage the reader and make them see the issue the way you do
E.g. harsh, fierce, treasured, unique, nasty, special, delightful, gorgeous, dangerous, brutal
• Evaluative language – to examine the arguments and supporting evidence
E.g. important, simple, narrow minded, threatened, it is obvious, future benefits, easier, expected, unlikely claim, too fragile,
poor judgement, only option
• Degree of certainty (also known as modality) – how certain are your statements? Do you want to make people agree, or do
you want to cast some doubt in their opinions?
E.g. may, will, must, might, usually, almost, always, never, sometimes, generally, undisputed, hardly ever, certain, should,
could, have to
Conjunctions and connectives (Firstly, secondly, because, however) Language features of expositions Develop your own thesis in response to the topic.
Your Turn... Look at the example introduction below and analyse its parts and language.
Graffiti is an insidious, destructive device used by people to express their nihilistic approach to society and their fundamental lack of respect for it. While many may feel that graffiti is art, there are many reasons why in fact it is actually vandalism. Reasons for this include the cost to remove graffiti (which is extremely expensive), the ugly nature of its appearance and the lack of respect for the rules of society implied in its creation. We as the audience should not have to put with graffiti and its effects and instead need to show that there is no value to this negative expression of identity by the perpetrator. Analysing the introduction Thesis Evidence Rounding off Write an introduction to the topic. Things you need to do include:
Make sure your thesis is at the start
Brainstorm at least three pieces of evidence to back your position
Use this evidence as the follow up to the thesis
Round off your introduction
Engage the audience
Maintain strong modality
Use at least two persuasive devices (e.g. rhetorical questioning, strong statements, repetition, noun or verb groups)
Use the model to help you along
Your turn... Writing the body paragraphs:
Have between three and five paragraphs for this section
Each paragraph needs to start with a topic sentence that links to thesis and use a connective to link this paragraph to the previous paragraphs
Develop and elaborate on the topic sentence
Present and analyse evidence
Sum up position of the paragraph
Writing the conclusion:
This should not present new evidence
Restate your position and reexamine the evidence
Call for action by the audience Body and conclusion The final thing before you submit your piece is to edit your work.
Things to focus on include:
Read it aloud and see if it makes sense - get someone else to do this for you as well!
Connectives and conjunctions
Thing to add in and take out