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Australian Gold Rush

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molly rusden

on 2 June 2014

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Transcript of Australian Gold Rush

First Discoveries
The first gold rush in Australia began in May 1851.
James McBrien discovered traces of gold in a river near Bathurst.
Edward Hargraves discovered gold near Bathurst, New South Wales.
New South Wales produced 26400 kilograms of gold in 1852.
Importance
The gold rushes had a massive effect on the economy and development as a nation in Australia.
Gold is a rare metal which is why it is worth a lot.
Influence of the Chinese
Discrimination occurred often so the chinese joined together, helping each other reach their fortune.
The Chinese were often badly treated and not being able to speak much English they tended to form communities for protection.
38,330 men and 11 women came to the gold fields from China.
Equipment and Techniques
Panning – a simple technique used to find alluvial gold, which was small nuggets of gold in shallow creeks.
The Decline
The miners couldn't find anymore alluvial gold.
Costed too much to keep looking.
The gold rush ended in the 1900's.
The Gold Rush
Began in 1851
Finished in 1899
Everyday Life
In 1852, 370,000 immigrants arrived in Australia.
Victoria contributed to more than one third of the world's gold output in the 1850s.
In two years Victoria's population had grown from 77,000 to 540,000.
Women mostly stayed at home looking after children and cooking.
The diggers lived off simple foods.
A lot of them lived in canvas typed tents or open bark shelters.
Crime was common as there weren't many police.
Bibliography
The Australian gold rush | australia.gov.au. 2014. The Australian gold rush | australia.gov.au. [ONLINE] Available at: http://australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/austn-gold-rush. [Accessed 26 May 2014].
When did the gold rush of australia start and finish?. 2014. When did the gold rush of australia start and finish?. [ONLINE] Available at: https://au.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090213163628AA2RA6n. [Accessed 27 May 2014].
Australian Gold Rush. 2014. Australian Gold Rush. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.goldoz.com.au/gold_rush.0.html. [Accessed 27 May 2014].
Australian gold rushes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2014. Australian gold rushes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. [ONLINE] Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_gold_rushes. [Accessed 27 May 2014].
Biography - Martin Cash - Australian Dictionary of Biography. 2014. Biography - Martin Cash - Australian Dictionary of Biography. [ONLINE] Available at: http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/cash-martin-1885. [Accessed 27 May 2014].
Chinese at the Australian Goldfields. 2014. Chinese at the Australian Goldfields. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.kidcyber.com.au/topics/goldchinese.htm. [Accessed 27 May 2014].
The-great-Australian-Gold-Rush - Tools and techniques to Mine Gold. 2014. The-great-Australian-Gold-Rush - Tools and techniques to Mine Gold. [ONLINE] Available at: http://the-great-australian-gold-rush.wikispaces.com/Tools+and+techniques+to+Mine+Gold. [Accessed 27 May 2014].
Australian Gold Rush
A cradle was a large wooden tool used to sort through big amounts of soil, sand or gravel.
Shaft mining- shafts could be up to 50 metres deep. Miners kept timber on the side of the shaft to stop it from collapsing. A windlass was used to bring up the gold.
Shovels and picks were used to dig shafts.
Cover ups
The government were afraid it would encourage convicts and free settlers to come to Australia.
The government paid Edward Hargraves to keep quiet.
He received 10000 pounds as a reward for the first person to find gold.
Eureka Stockade
Key event in the development of Australian Democracy.
3rd of December 1854.
Battle that lasted no longer than 10 minutes.
The diggers hated the Ballarat mining licensing system.
not being able to own the land they owned on meant they risked being moved at any time.
125 miners were taken prisoner, 28 died and many wounded.
6 police officers died.
The miners lost the battle but were successful in bringing out the changes.
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