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The Ecuador Cloud Forest
Transcript of The Ecuador Cloud Forest
"Costa Rica Travels." Monteverde, Costa Rica. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <www.marietta.edu/~biol/costa_rica/monteverde/monteverde_tl.htm>.
"Ecuador - Land of a rich Biodiversity.." Travel Guide of Ecuador and Galapagos.. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. <http://www.ecuador-travel.net/biodiversity.ecosystems.htm>.
"Ecuador's Cloud Forest Birds." Earth Watch. Earth Watch Institute, n.d. Web. 3 Feb. 2013. <www.earthwatch.org/europe/downloads/Get_Involved/Ecuador_casestudy.pdf>.
Eisenberger, Maggie. "Save The Rainforest: Symbiotic Relationships." Save The Rainforest: Tropical Forest Courses, Intern Programs. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://www.saverfn.org/lessonssymb.html>.
"Mindo Cloudforest Foundation - Ecuadorian Cloud Forest Bird Sanctuary." Mindo Cloudforest Foundation - Ecuadorian Cloud Forest Bird Sanctuary. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2013. <http://www.mindocloudforest.org/>.
"The Birds of Ecuador: Club-winged Manakin, Tropical Rainforest Wonder." The Birds of Ecuador. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2013. <http://thebirdsofecuador.blogspot.com/2011/04/club-winged-manakin-tropical-rainforest.html>.
"Tropical Rain Forest." The Tropical Rain Forest. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/troprain.htm>.
"Volcano Erupts in Galapagos Islands | Fox News." Fox News - Breaking News Updates | Latest News Headlines | Photos & News Videos. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. <http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,361041,00.html>.
australia, ron bay. "Ecuador Cloud Forests & Biodiversity - Rainforest Rescue." Rainforest Rescue - Protecting Rainforests Forever. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Feb. 2013. <http://www.rainforestrescue.org.au/ourprojects/ecuador-cloud-forests-biodiversity.html>.
MLA formatting by BibMe.org. Bibliography Continue . . . –w-’’ Works Cited
" BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Earth's cloud forests threatened." BBC News - Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3465695.stm>.
" An eco lodge in the cloud forests of Ecuador | Travel | The Guardian ." Latest US news, world news, sport and comment from the Guardian | guardiannews.com | The Guardian . N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/travel/2012/jun/29/cloud-forest-ecuador-eco-lodge>.
"10 Top Tourist Attractions in Ecuador | Touropia." Touropia. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://www.touropia.com/tourist-attractions-in-ecuador/>.
Brittney, e from. "Ecuador - Cloud Forest | Catt-Trax 2." BCIT Commons. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Feb. 2013. <http://commons.bcit.ca/catttrax2/node/482/index.html>.
Bruijnzeel, L. A., and L. S. Hamilton. "Tropical Montane Cloud Forests: Science for Conservation and Management - L. A. Bruijnzeel, L. S. Hamilton - Google Books." Google Books. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. <http://books.google.com/books?id=N6FkwMnSX8EC&pg=PA583&lpg=PA583&dq=ecuador+cloud+forest+droughts&source=bl&ots=f2C5k6b8IG&sig=dKMv1LYamJw7Fd82croT3EbGlZY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uFkkUc7zH4Tk2QW2moCwCw&ved=0CEIQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=droughts&f=false>.
"Cloud Forest." Community Cloud Forest Conservation. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://www.cloudforestconservation.org/cloud_forest/birds_and_cloud_forests.php>. Bibliography! How serious this would be! No cloud forests?! Well first off all those birds and various diverse and unique species would probably not exist if they are from and originated from the environment. Which means that the species living there now wouldn’t be there. The forest also provides and means a lot to our human race, we use those resources from the amazing forest for various things, such as the vegetation and other resources. The forest would not be able to support the other rain forest’s with their moisture and humidity, and cause the other rainforests to waver a bit in stability. The cloud forest also maintains the weather and climate in Ecuador, with them, the Ecuador would most certainly be effected strongly. What would happen if the Cloud forest didn’t exist?! The Cloud forest’s hydrological cycle effects the other non-cloud rainforests in Ecuador around it. The amount of humidity and moisture is recycled by the forest, and distributed among the forest. Some even reach the other neighboring rainforests, and provide the other rainforests suddenly having them to rely on the cloud forest for extra water, hydration, humidity, and moisture. The cloud forest links all those rainforests to rely on them just by having their humidity and moisture distributed everywhere – it also keeps and maintains the even weather in Ecuador. Importance of Cloud Forest Climate changes have always roused questions on Ecuador Cloud Forest’s fate. It’s always been feared that the large biome, home to many, many, many, people, and over a million animal and plant species would be able to survive any changes in the constant moisture air. In 2004, it was discovered about the raising temperatures regarding Ecuador. Scientists and biologists and other people regarding the studies of life in ecosystems, have found out that if the temperature were to be altered by a few degrees, it would heighten the possibility of the clouds moving up and away from the forest’s lowland reaches. Clouds hold a VERY important role to the forest, obviously or else the name isn’t Cloud Forest. The clouds provide moisture and the humidity that brought this forest to life with exotic plants and animals, and rich resources. Take the clouds away, and the forest may struggle due to the sudden drop in the free water supply it always possessed, and grow arid and dry. Climate change is slowly happening even now to Ecuador, effecting the forest. But don’t worry – it still has it’s clouds. There are also however chances of hurricanes effecting the cloud forest. Climate change can bring up a better chance of a hurricane that can damage the forest if come full blown. (Since the area is not used to a hurricane since it’s not something that’d be natural to the forest.) Effects of Climate Shift/Change The following are animal endangered species in Ecuador Cloud Forest:
Cloud Forest Pygmy owls
El Oro Parakeets
Brown headed Spider monkey
Golden Mantle Saddleback Tamarin
Melissa's Yellow Eared bat/ Vampyressa
Poeppig’s Woolly monkey
Short eared dogs
Reptiles and Amphibians:
Brazilian Giant Tortoise
Northwestern Climbing Salamander
Pampas Giant Glass Frogs
Pristimantis Rain Frog Endangered Species List Such species such as the birds are rather common to be naturally endangered. The birds however, since they are becoming endangered, well, that’d be PRETTY SERIOUS. One main reason is because of EXTINCTION. Many of the unique birds and the qualities and effects they play on the environment would be a true loss. Another major issue about having an endangered species present, is UNBALANCED CHAIN BETWEEN ORGANISMS. The birds are prey and predators to many different species in the forest, highly alarming if a bird is an endangered species, because the birds practically dominate the region! The birds are more immense-full in number than any other animal species in the forest. Many of the predators to the endangered birds, if they were to be extinct, would starve out even if they started hunting other animals. The prey normally eaten by that “Extinct” species would over populate and over run the environment. Maintaining the balance in that situation would be critical. That is why endangered species must be preserved to a sustainable level – so that extinction will not occur! Endangered Species Effects Such threats to the perfect society of the Ecuador Cloud Forest, are the following:
And new alien like species developing in the bizarre biome.
BUT THE MOST FEARED THREAT SINCE MONDAY FEBRUARY 9TH, 2004:
The climate change. If the temperature even rises one degree in the lowlands, can result the clouds lifting and pulling away, leaving the cloud forest to die and dry out. Threats in the Cloud Forest There were some major fires in the forest, and following that (surprising enough) a severe drought. The fires started the years following 1998, a severe drought trailing right after the fires. Many did not know that the forest wouldn’t catch fire, because they believed that the moisture in the air would prevent any fire. But of course, when there’s a forest, there are forest fires. The cloud forest experienced many major fires and the severe droughts. This had shaken up the forest and the people inhabitants, and many are now starting fire watchers like the fire system watchers called (CONAFOR) Mexico’s National Commission for Forestry. (One of the most dangerous and hardest jobs for more highly advanced fire fighters fighting forest fires.) Catastrophic Events Precipitation and Temperature Chart There is TONS of precipitation and mist and water and stuff. The high usually varies around eighty degrees Fahrenheit in the day, and around a low fifty five degrees at night. There is a distinct dry season for about seven months (June to December) when rain is scarce and moisture levels however are still maintained by the mists that form on the side of mountains. So to sum it up; high in moisture and very wet, despite a distinct dry season, moisture levels are maintained. The humidity is 10% to 100%, altitude is 0m to 800m, and the annual rainfall is up to 25cm per month! As for temperature, all year around is about a range between 8 degrees and 20 degrees Celsius. Weather Climate One of the nearby biomes are such as the:
Tropical Rainforest – typically covering all Amazon basins in Ecuador. Diverse species and plants in the tropical rainforests do not vary much with the Cloud Forest since they are much the same; the only difference is the amount of humidity and moisture. (Cloud Forest having the higher density of moisture and humidity.)
Galapagos Islands – Volcanic islands directly one thousand kilometers away from Ecuador’s mainland at westward. One recent eruption on the Galapagos Islands was in May 30th, 2008. (Fun Fact – Did you know that Charles Darwin developed his theory of evolution while observing and visiting these islands?)
Paramos Mountain region – Although surprising, these mountains hold over 200 species of animals and plants alike. The mountain begins at 3600 meters and reaches about 5000 meters at the glacier tips.
And few like to consider this, the Marine Waters – A rich rare biome of marine life because of the two major ocean currents meet here along the pacific coast of Ecuador and Galapagos Islands. The chilling stream of Humboldt and the warmer stream El Nino. This clash of streams helps support the many fishes and water dwelling animals in the Marine Waters. Nearby Biomes! One very interesting place in the Cloud Forest might catch your eye; a new eco lodge has opened in Ecuador’s Cloud Forest from the Mashpi Lodge; a biodiversity reservation! Its about two-and-a-half hours north-west of Quito, the city in Ecuador. They made the reservation lodge purposefully made mostly of glass; that way you could have the forest around you right where you can view it. The lodge includes a spa that uses only natural indulgences found from natural materials found in the reserve and double height restaurants that serve Ecuadorian, including international recipes for you to taste! They even have aerial tours of the upmost regions of the canopy; go on and enjoy the view! The aerial tours aren’t the end of it, normal on foot tours are given to see and witness the beauties of the forest! From a former tourist at Ecuador, he states the bugs there were unnaturally large, and the most unusual creatures! Such as a owl butterfly with wings like snake skin, millipedes the length as necklaces, tarantula babies the size of a full grown man’s fist, and beetle’s whose eyes can glow! Fascinating! The lodge also uses simply starting next year; nothing but electricity powered by hydroelectric power. Sun set views from the roof of the “Big House” (it’s a place for relaxation other than the lodge itself), and relaxing down time by the sofas and hammocks, including the open log fire inside a side opened cedar marquee tree. (Foot note on the “Big House” – HAS NO ELECTRICITY! XD)There’s more to the amazing ecosystem reserve; but I thought we’d be nice enough to cut it down to this much. –w- Hee! (Foot Note: There are in existence nine national parks, and twenty national, provincial, or government reserves. Cool huh?) Interesting Places! You can do bird watching there! Seeing all the brilliant birds over a thousands of bird species. Stay inside a pent house while looking out at a Jurassic world. There are spas along with various lodges, aerial trams allow guests to silently glide through the canopy at the scenic spots and hard to spot trails. Nature reserves allow some touring and local rangers show you unique flowers and animals along the way. At the end of it all, enjoy a beautiful sunset from your window at your lodge! Zip lining, white water rafting, hiking and more! There are restaurants on stilts! What fun! Swimming, hiking, and many more outdoor activities are available! Trust me; it’s intoxicating. Things to do and see! There are many poachers in the Ecuador Cloud Forests that threaten the birds. But one of the main issues are habitat lost due to deforestation. Because of that, certain bird species are becoming into endangered species due to the loss of their homes! ): Sadly these deforestation processes are replacing the beautiful trees, into vegetation associated with human economic gains, including pasture and food stuff. The deforestation has forced the species to isolation and are drastically chopping at their populations, making many bird species to the point of extinction. Nature protection committees such as Earth Watch, are doing their best to put an end to this and save the near to extinction bird species. Competition in resources and organisms The sustainability of the Ecuador Cloud Forest could be sustainable if it were to be left alone. Sadly it’s not so. World wide demand of trees is cutting the forest down, degrading, and other very bad things happen to this forest. By these effects the humans placed upon the forest, the balance has been tipped and tottering towards an unbalanced state. Many ecosystem reservation programs have already gone under way on a project to save and sustain the sustainability of the forest. The forest has great species and the factors both biotic and abiotic work in harmony; only we’re getting in the way. Sustainability of The
Ecuador Cloud Forest The biodiversity of the Ecuador Cloud Forest is immensely alarmingly amazingly at a very high standard. The amount of species of birds there are INCREDIBLY BAFFLING. With over 1500 species of birds in Ecuador Cloud Forest, it ranks as fourth place in all avian diversity amongst all countries in the world! This incredible biome has a huge impact on our Earth! Containing approximately 15-17% of the world’s plants, and nearly 20% birds diversity in the world. ;D The height of life in this enhanced rainforest by the extra humidity and moisture; life in this Cloud Forest certainly is one of the greatest on Earth. Biological Diversity Symbiotic relationships between the forest’s living organisms. In a mutualism relationship, take the sloth and algae for example. The sloth has coarse fur that is perfect for the algae to grow in, and the sloth has the help from the algae to camouflage in their environment. In a commensalism relationship, take the Epiphyte plants and trees. The epiphyte plants grow on sides of the trees, in better attempt to gather sunlight. The epiphytes don’t have roots and simply just pull water and nutrients from the air, and so they do not affect the tree. The epiphyte benefits but the tree does not, neither is it affected at all. In a parasitism relationship a leaf cutter ant and a leaf cutter parasitic fly. The fly lays their eggs on the backs of leaf carrying ants, and when those eggs hatch, the larvae burrows itself inside the ants and eats and eventually kills that ant. These are symbiotic relationships in different relationships. Symbiotic Relationships Tropical Birds in particular:
Several hundred types of butterflies such as the Blue Morpho Butterfly
Monkeys, lemurs, tamarins, etc.
Ocelots, jaguars, margays, etc.
Spectacled Bears Native Animals - Ecuador is famous for its numerous bird species that call the Cloud Forest home, but it also hosts thousands of different kinds of monkeys, insects, flowers, trees, big cats, and other exotic animals. Leopards, ocelots, margays, glass frogs, pink tarantulas, and spectacled bears all thrive here, along with millions of other animals and plants. Fruit and nut trees include orange, banana, bamboo, rubber, cacao, and avocado trees. Air plants like bromeliads also grow very well here, and a special flower known as the monkey orchid. Plants and Animals Ecuador is a very diverse country, and the Cloud Rainforest consists of many different organisms and abiotic features. An example of this is to look at how the relatively cold, arid weather throughout the mountains evident in the emergent layer and some of the canopy combining with the warm, humid climate in the lower layers of the rainforest, creating the clouds for which the Cloud Forest was named for. And the abiotic factors are just the beginning; Ecuador is home to a complex web of life, from fungi and mushrooms to huge orchids to ocelots and langur monkeys. Ecuador’s Ecosystem Ecuador is a pretty small country so the clouds rainforests take up a good portion of it and are found almost everywhere in this country. Here is a map of Ecuador and its location… The Cloud Forests’ Location The Cloud Forest in Ecuador is located in the mountain ranges in western and southwestern Ecuador. The combination of the naturally warm rainforest climate and the cold arid mountain climate work together to make steam and clouds; hence the name, “The Cloud Forest.” Ecuador's Cloud Forest size is 276,880 square kilometers. Despite the fact that Ecuador covers only 1.6% of South America, it is the home to almost 50% of the bird species in the entire continent (1,515 out of 3,100 species). With over 1,500 species of birds, it ranks 4th in avian diversity among all countries in the world. Where is it? Abby Maeng, Jennifer
Keele, and Zahra Husrieh
1st period Science Mrs. March Orange Trees
Other Tropical Trees…
Avocados Native Plants - Sun
Climate . . . Etc. Abiotic Factors Ecuador Cloud Forest