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Apartheid in South Africa

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Julie Nemechek

on 28 September 2016

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Transcript of Apartheid in South Africa

Before Apartheid
Europeans Colonize
Resistance to Apartheid
The African National Congress
Soweto Uprising
Apartheid Begins
Apartheid in South Africa
Dutch settlers (Afrikaners)
South Africa
The Dutch (Europeans from the Netherlands) wanted to be able to use the land to resupply their ships during trade and make profits from South Africa's natural resources.

Dutch people began to settle in Africa. They became known as Afrikaners.
In 1948 an Afrikaner was elected into office. This election signifies the beginning of the apartheid.
A strict system of racial classification and segregation was formed
the 1950s saw a dramatic expansion of discriminatory laws.
Apartheid begins
What was it exactly?
The word apartheid means "separateness".
In South Africa, apartheid was a policy in which laws were made to create a major separation of races.
The Apartheid Policy
A few acts from the apartheid government...
Nelson Mandela
The Face of anti-Apartheid
anti-Pass protest
Sharpeville Massacre
Ending Apartheid
Free at Last
Checkpoint Questions:
What does Apartheid mean?

Who were Afrikaners?

How did the apartheid officially begin?
Checkpoint Questions:
Checkpoint Questions:
Describe one act that was passed under the apartheid policy.

Why did the African National Congress eventually become violent?
How did the United Nations help bring about the end of the apartheid?

Why was Mandela fearful for the economy?

How did the Truth and reconciliation commission solve the potential problem with the economy?
Group of South Africans who 18 years and older

Goal: to create united, non-racial, and democratic society where all national groups have equal rights

The ANC protested peacefully in the beginning
however, due to little change in the government they began using violence to get their message across.

This group became illegal and was banned for around 30 years.
-The 1913 Land Act (map in the apple shows how the land was divided)
Gave 7.5% of the good farmland to Africans.
This left the rest of the fertile land for whites.

-The 1953 Bantu Education Act
Black children went to school to learn how to be laborers that would eventually work in factories.
This act enied black people access to the same educational opportunities and resources enjoyed by white South Africans.
President of the African National Congress

Arrested for being part of the African National Congress (which was a banned group) and sentenced to life in jail!

During the 30 years he spent in jail, Mandela never wavered in his devotion to democracy, equality and learning and he preached this from his jail cell.

Black citizens were required to have their pass books with them at all times. On March 21, 1960 5,00 unarmed black citizens left their passbooks at home and gathered at the police station for a peaceful protest.

Without warning, South African police shot into the crowed of anti-pass protesters, killing at least 69 people and wounding more than 200.

This massacre created a crisis for the apartheid government and became a turning point in the fight against apartheid.
10,000 students gathered to participate in a student-organized protest to end Bantu Education.
As students marched, around fifty policemen stopped the students and tried to turn them back.
At first, the security forces tried unsuccessfully to disperse the students with tear gas and warning shots.
After that, policemen fired directly into the crowd of demonstrators.
Many students responded by running for shelter, while others retaliated by pelting the police with stones.
Two students died and hundreds were injured.
- United Nations
Banned all trade with South Africa until they put an end to apartheid

- F.W. de Klerk
Elected president and brings an end to apartheid.
While in office, he lifted the 30 year ban on the African National Congress & freed Nelson Mandela

TRUTH AND reconciliation commission
Created by South African government in 1995 to heal the country

Mandela feared the whites would leave South Africa and this could cause the economy to crash.

The commission helped uncover the truth about human rights violations committed during apartheid (1960 - 1994)
Granted amnesty (get out of jail free card) for thousands of crimes. This encouraged people to stay in South Africa rather than flee in order to avoid arrest.
Granting amnesty helped preserve the economy in South Africa.
In 1994, Nelson Mandela became 1st black president of South Africa
If you aren't sure of these answers, go back through the last few stops along the prezi path!
If you aren't sure of these answers, go back through the last few stops along the prezi path!
If you aren't sure of these answers, go back through the last few stops along the prezi path!
light gray = land given to black citizens
White = land given to white citizens
Under apartheid, the South African population was divided into four racial groups: white, black, colored, and Indian.

Strict residential, economic, and social segregation was enforced

Non-whites were not allowed to vote in national elections.

The government established separate states for each of the country’s black ethnic groups. This meant forced removal of families from their original homes to the newly-created “bantustans” (or ethnic states).

In other cases, it meant breaking up interracial and inter-ethnic families.

Non-whites were confined to ghettoes where they had few employment opportunities and poor education.

whites were afforded the basic privileges of life in a democracy.
Full transcript