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Apartheid in South Africa

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Julie Nemechek

on 23 October 2017

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Transcript of Apartheid in South Africa

Colonization
Resistance to Apartheid
The African National Congress
Soweto Uprising
Apartheid Begins
Apartheid in South Africa
Who:
Where:
Europeans
South Africa
Europeans began to settle in South Africa. These Europeans became known as Afrikaners.

In 1948 the National Party (Primarily Afrikaners) gained power and created an all white government.

The National Party began enforcing racial segregation laws under a system that they called apartheid.
Apartheid begins
Apartheid
What was it exactly?
The word apartheid means "separateness".
In South Africa, apartheid was a policy in which laws were created to separate races.
Two example Acts from the Apartheid Policy
Nelson Mandela
The Face of anti-Apartheid
anti-Pass protest
Sharpeville Massacre
The End of Apartheid
Checkpoint Questions:
What does Apartheid mean?

Who were Afrikaners?

How did the apartheid officially begin?
Checkpoint Questions:
Checkpoint Questions:
Describe one act that was passed under the apartheid policy.


Why did the African National Congress eventually become violent?
How did the United Nations help bring about the end of the apartheid?

Why was Mandela fearful for the economy?

How did the Truth and reconciliation commission solve the potential problem with the economy?
Group of South Africans who were 18 years and older

Formed in response to the Natives Land Act of 1913

Goal: to create united, non-racial, democratic society where all national groups would have equal rights

The ANC protested peacefully in the beginning.
The government ignored their message.

Began using violence to get their message across.
-1913 Natives Land Act (map in the apple shows how the land was divided)
Gave about 7% of the land to blacks (80% of the population was black)
This left the rest of the land for whites.

-The 1953 Bantu Education Act
Black children went to school to learn how to be laborers that would eventually work in factories.
This act denied black people access to the same educational opportunities and resources enjoyed by white South Africans.
President of the African National Congress

Arrested for being part of the African National Congress (which was an illegal group) and sentenced to life in jail!

Spent 30 years in jail.
Mandela believed in democracy, equality and learning for all people.
Preached his beliefs this from his jail cell.

Black citizens were required to have their pass books with them at all times.

On March 21, 1960 anywhere from 5,000-7,000 unarmed black citizens left their passbooks at home and gathered at the police station for a peaceful protest.

Without warning, South African police shot into the crowed of anti-pass protesters, killing at least 69 people and wounding more than 200.
10,000 students gathered to participate in a student-organized protest to end Bantu Education.

As students marched, around fifty policemen stopped the students and tried to turn them back.

At first, the security forces tried unsuccessfully to disperse the students with tear gas and warning shots.

After that, policemen fired directly into the crowd of demonstrators.

Two students died and hundreds were injured.
- United Nations
Banned all trade with South Africa until they put an end to apartheid.
This suffocated the South African economy!

- F.W. de Klerk
Elected president and brings an end to apartheid.
While in office, he lifted the 30 year ban on the African National Congress & freed Nelson Mandela


TRUTH AND reconciliation commission
Created by South African government in 1995 to heal the country

Mandela feared the whites would leave South Africa and this could cause the economy to crash.

The commission helped uncover the truth about human rights violations committed during apartheid (1960 - 1994)
Granted amnesty (get out of jail free card) for thousands of crimes. This encouraged people to stay in South Africa rather than flee in order to avoid arrest.
Granting amnesty helped preserve the economy in South Africa.
-
In 1994, Nelson Mandela became 1st black president of South Africa
If you aren't sure of these answers, go back through the last few stops along the prezi path!
If you aren't sure of these answers, go back through the last few stops along the prezi path!
If you aren't sure of these answers, go back through the last few stops along the prezi path!
Under apartheid, the South African population was divided into four racial groups: white, black, colored, and Indian.

Strict residential, economic, and social segregation was enforced

Non-whites were not allowed to vote in national elections.

The government established separate states for each of the country’s black ethnic groups. This meant forced removal of families from their original homes to the newly-created “bantustans” (or ethnic states).

In other cases, it meant breaking up interracial and inter-ethnic families.

Non-whites were confined to ghettos where they had few employment opportunities and poor education.
Why:
To make profits from the natural resources.
Easier trade
The shaded area above was the land reserved for blacks
Full transcript