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Introduction to Figurative Language

An overview of the most common types of figurative language and why they are used.

Karen Earl

on 21 November 2011

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Transcript of Introduction to Figurative Language

Figurative Language

What is it?
Figurative language is the use of original expressions that are not literally true.
Figurative language is used to make descriptions more vivid and original.
Writers use figurative language to make their descriptions more memorable and to create a picture in the reader's mind.
What are

Instead of:
She is nice.
Use a simile.
She is as nice as a
kindergarten teacher.
Instead of:
This class is boring.
Use a hyperbole.
This class is more
boring than watching
your nails grow.
What are the most common types of figurative
Instead of:
It was windy.
Use alliteration.
The western wind whipped across the wild rapids.
Metaphors -
a comparison of two unlike
things that does NOT use like or as
Example -
The classroom was a hurricane.
A simile is a comparison of
two unlike things that uses
"like" or "as."
Example -
His baby brother is as loud as a police siren.
A metaphor is also a comparison of two unlike
things, but it does not use like or as.
Example -
She is a red rose.
Personification is giving human
qualities to non-human things.
Example -
The trees danced in
the night air.
A hyperbole is an extreme exaggeration.
Example -
Mrs. Earl gave us a
mountain of homework.
An idiom is a figurative
expression that is
particular to a specific
language. It is also
known as slang.
Example -
It was raining cats and dogs.
Alliteration is the repetition of sounds at the beginning of words.
Example -
The teacher taught tots how to count to ten.
An onomatopeia is the use of words whose sound suggests their meaning.
The fly buzzed
around the room.
Why should we include
figurative language in
our writing?
What is the difference
between a simile and
a metaphor?
Give an example of a hyperbole.
Where might someone be most likely to read an onomatopoeia?
Rewrite the following dull
sentence using some form of
figurative language:
The door slammed loudly.
Full transcript