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Symbol & Irony

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Stephanie Strader

on 26 September 2013

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Transcript of Symbol & Irony

Symbol & Irony
Abigail | Alpho | Bridget | Monica | Stephanie
A symbol is a person, place, or thing comes to represent an abstract idea or concept - it is anything that stands for something beyond itself.
Contrast between what is said and what is meant.
Verbal Irony:

Dramatic Irony:

Contrast between what the character thinks to be true and what we (the reader) know to be true.
Situational Irony:

Contrast between what happens and what was expected (or what would seem appropriate).
Symbolism in
TV shows
Breaking Bad
Loyalty, sadness, purity, water, coldness.

Caution, optimism, pleasure, caution, cowardice, fear
Greed, money, growth, envy
Blood, murder, aggression, violence
Irony in TV shows
Symbolism in
Irony in Movies
Sleeping Beauty
Prince Phillip meets Briar Rose, but neither of them knows that other is royalty. The Prince's father is horrified to learn that Phillip wants to marry a commoner, and it seems as though they can't be together, but we know who she really is, so we know that they can.
The Godfather
The chair is a symbol of isolation. The most obvious function of a chair is that of a throne. The Godfather sits in a chair as suppliants pay their respects and kiss his hand. Remaining seated while others stand is a way of asserting power.
The O.C
Seth Cohen is very sarcastic and uses irony to find the humor in the events that occur around him.
The Guest
The Destructors
Hills Like White Elephants
- An American guy and his girl are sitting at the table outside the bar. The American orders two big beers in Spanish for himself and his girl.

- The girl talks about the line of hills, how it looks like white elephants, and they start bickering about that.

- The girl changes the subject by asking for a new drink; again depending on the guy to order it in Spanish.

- The couple's quarrel involves the beer and the "operation".

- The girl comments “that’s all we do ...look at things and try new drinks”

- The couple drinks more and the girl brings up again the hills but totally changes her mind on it, how it doesn't actually look like white elephants.

- The American brings up again " the operation" and the girl goes quiet, avoiding the subject. He tries to convince her to go through with the operation by saying sweet talking her and insisting how simple the operation is.

- The American keeps on pushing on going through with the operation, the girl seems more undecided as they go in about the operation, and irritated.

- The girl, "Jig", asks him to stop talking, and they stare at different things; The American guy stares at their bags with labels on them from all the hotels where they spend the nights, and the girl stares at the dry side of the valley.

- The American guy brings up the operation again, but this time he tries to tell her in many ways that he cares and loves her.

- More beer comes, and the train is 5 minutes away. The girl relies on the American guy to thank the waitress in Spanish.

- The American guy drops off their bags closer to the train and drinks more beer inside the bar before going outside and getting his girl.

- It ends with the American asking his girl if she's fine and she answers sarcastically "there's nothing wrong with me. I feel fine. "

symbolize big obstacles that we must climb, but they are not enormous mountains
Verbal Irony
Him: I've never seen one.
Jig: No, you wouldn't have.
White Elephants
Railway station
symbolizes something no one wants— Jig's unborn child
hot arid side = sterility cloud, water in the river = fertility
They did not keep the money they found but burned it (Situation Irony)
Trevor does not destroy the
house out of hate for Thomas
Old M's House
Art, beauty, and upper classes
Wormsley Common Gang
The effect of war on younger generations
Demotion and with his demotion from the upper class to the lower class
Bad guy returns to his post and to a normal life
Treats Arab kindly and will most likely die
Daru's Home
Symbolic of the ethnic conflict in Algeria
The Guest
The Destructors
• The Wormsley Common gang meet up every day in a parking lot that was also the last bombing site of the Blitz.
• The whole area is brutally destroyed because of the Blitz. However, one house still stands with minimal damage.
• This house is owned by Mr. Thomas, which the gang refers to Old Misery.
• One day, Blackie (the gang’s former leader), Mike and Summers are stopped by Mr. Thomas. He offered them chocolate. The boys were very surprised and saw it as a bribe to stop bouncing their ball on Mr. Thomas’s wall.
• The next day, Blackie suggests that the gang disperses and spend the day sneaking onto to trains. Whereas, “T”, who has been inside Mr. Thomas’s home, suggests that the gang takes advantage of Mr. Thomas’s absence and to demolish the inside of his home.
• Blackie is unsure of the plan and this causes the gang to view “T” as the newfound leader.
• The next morning, the gang meets up at 9 am except for Blackie. When Blackie arrives he’s impressed by the assembly T has organized
• By the end of the day and all the boys agree to meet the next morning to continue the demolishing.
• All of the boys leave except for Blackie and T. T shows Blackie Mr.Thomas’ savings he found in the mattress and proceeds to burn them.
• The next morning, the boys all meet at Mr. Thomas’s house to complete the destruction of the home.
• As they are finishing up, Mike runs in and alerts them that Mr. Thomas (Old Misery) is on his way home early. Summers suggests that they should all leave but T responds that they are not yet close to completely destroying the home.
• When Mr. Thomas arrives, T forms a plan to distract Mr. Thomas from entering his home and help out his friend who is stuck in his outhouse.
• As Mr. Thomas opens his outhouse, T pushes him inside and locks him in. T reassures him that they do not want to hurt him.
• As the night progressed and the gang’s work was complete, one of the boys came out and gave Mr. Thomas a blanket and some food.
• The next morning, as a driver starts up his truck and starts to pull out of the parking lot beside Mr. Thomas’s home suddenly hears a crash and see’s bricks and various rubble falling over his truck.
• Very confused and surprised, the driver gets out of his car and realizes and his truck was tied to a wooden beam that was supporting Mr. Thomas’s house.
• Mr. Thomas comes out of the outhouse devastated and crying, “Where is my house?” as the driver uncontrollably laughs and tells him that is nothing personal but that this whole situation is funny

• In Algeria a schoolmaster Daru watches two men approach the school. One man
rides on a horseback while the other is bound by a rope following behind him.

• Daru lives a lavish lifestyle while being surrounded by poverty. Even though he he was born here, he feels exiled in his own homeland.

• As Daru goes onto the terrace of the schoolhouse he notices that one of the two men approaching is Balducci. He is leading an Arab prisoner by a rope behind him.

• Daru invites the two men in and Balducci comments about how long the journey took from El Ameur.

• Balducci tells Daru that he must return to El Ameur and that Daru has been ordered to deliver the Arab to the Tinguit police. Balducci explains that this is an order and he has to complete the task. He tells him in times of war people must face many types of jobs, but Daru replies saying he will wait for a declaration of war.

• Balducci informs Daru that the Arab killed his own cousin. Balducci is ready to leave the two and warns Daru to stay armed with a weapon and gives him a gun.

• Daru tells him he will not hand over the Arab to the police. Balducci insists that he is to fulfil his order, but to no prevail decides to keep Daru’s disobedience to himself.

• Daru cooks food for the prisoner and they eat together. They also sleep in the same room together even though Daru felt vulnerable.

• Daru cursed his people who sent him this Arab and the Arab for killing his cousin.

• Daru made up a bag of rusk, dates and sugar and gave it to him. They walked quite a bit and then Daru gave him directions to Tinguit to turn himself in. The Arab turned his back on him but as Daru looked out to the haze ahead he saw the Arab walking slowly on the road to prison.

Albert Camus
Graham Greene
Ernest Hemingway
With the use of the literary devices symbol and irony the authors of The Guest, The Destructors, and Hills Like White Elephants add depth to their stories. The three ironies that were most prevelant would be verbal, dramatic, and situational. Verbal irony is when something is said but is not necessarily what is meant. Dramatic irony is when the reader knows of developments to the story that a main character or characters are unaware of. Situational irony is when events happen that are unexpected or inapproriate.

Whereas the word irony can have several meaning, symbol has only one; an inanimate onbject, picture, word, or setting that becomes a representation of another concept, such as a heart drawn on a note might represent love towards the recipient.
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