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Nutsongsak Panyasuksri

on 18 August 2013

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Transcript of Euthanasia

Euthanasia should be made legal. Discuss
The progresses in medicine over the last centuries
Inconstant boundary between life and death
Scientific development raises complex issues: social debate, religious debate, legal debate, medical debate and the self-determination of the subject with regard to his own body.
The painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease or in an irreversible coma (Oxford Dictionaries 2013b).
The word euthanasia derives from the Greek
eu + thanatos
‘good death’
(Draper & Slowether 2008, p.114).

Disagreement of the idea of euthanasia: religious argument and slippery slope argument
Case studies of each argument
Both point of views on agreement and disagreement of euthanasia: Ethical argument and pragmatic argument.
Case studies of each argument

Active and Passive Euthanasia
Voluntary and Non voluntary Euthanasia
Note: The summary will be conclude in the end of the presentation.

What is euthanasia?
The necessary element of euthanasia
Another party or parties cause the death (through action or inaction).
Death is intended.
The only motive is to serve the best interests of the person who dies.

Global Euthanasia Laws
Types of euthanasia
Voluntary Euthanasia
Euthanasia is performed at the request of the person whose life is ended , and that person is competent (White & Willmott 2012, p.7).
Asking for help with dying
Refusing burdensome medical treatment
Asking for some medical to be stopped, or life support machine to be switched off
Refusing to eat

1) Voluntary
Non Voluntary
2) Active
Passive Euthanasia
3) Assisted Suicide
Reg Crew, 74 years old, who suffered from motor neuron disease.
An organization, which helps the terminally ill commit suicide
“I’ve had enough and I couldn’t live another six or seven month like this.” He said.
It was what he wanted and he ended his life peacefully

Non voluntary Euthanasia
Euthanasia is performed and the person is not competent (White & Willmott 2012, p.7).
The person is in coma
The person is too young
The person is mentally retarded to a very severe extent
The person is severely brain damage
Mentally disturbed in such a way that they should be protected from themselves.

Example of Non voluntary euthanasia
Passive Euthanasia
Don’t do something necessary to keep patient alive
Stop doing something that is keeping the patient alive.
Switch off life-support machines
Disconnect a feeding tube
Don’t carry out a life-extending operation
Don’t give life-extending drugs

Involuntary Euthanasia
The person wants to live but is killed anyway.
This usually murder but not alway

Active Euthanasia
When the medical professionals, or another person, deliberately do something that causes the patient to die (Perett & Roy 1996, p.310).

Suicide man's 'dignified' death
Is there a real difference
between active and passive euthanasia? and Why?

i) There is no real difference. Since stopping treatment is a deliberate act
and so is deciding not to carry out a particular treatment.
ii) There is no real difference, since both have the same result:
the death of the patient.
ii) There is a real difference because active is when the medical
professionals intend to do something that cause patient to die,
but passive is when the medical professional

A) i and ii B) ii and iii C) i and iii D) All correct
A is the correct answer (i and ii)
The agonising moral dilemmas that euthanasia raises
treats self-interest as the foundation of morality. (oxford dictionaries 2013a)

Utilitarian perspective
Focuses on the consequences that
actions or policies have on the well-being ("utility") of all persons directly or indirectly affected by the action or policy. (Velasquez, Andre, Shanks, S.J& Meyer 1996)

The Family
The Physician
-Experiencing agony, loss of body functions, and faced with spending the remainder of their life as an invalid
-Patient might argue that medical technology ought to save their life

- The premium that society places on life.
-The financial burdens and the pain that family members have to endure.
But what if in the case of an incompetent individual
who is unable to make their own decision ?

-Family unable to pull the plug on a love one.
-The emotional and financial trauma on the family.

-The respect to life.
-Expensive medical care will cause financial burden to society.
Doctors have a duty to Protect and promote
the health of patients(General Medical Council 2013)
In conflict, the physician also has a duty to respect the wishes of the patient or there family has indicated a preference for the death of the patient.

the circumstance
Circumstance- condition that accompanies or influences some event

Only there is a compelling state interest have the right to intrude the individual decision and compelling state only exist if there is a significant threat to society etc.

The individual
If you are under extremely painful that make you want to end up your life but your family don’t want to lose you. So will you choose euthanasia or not?
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Euthanasia (Noun)
Draper and Slowether (2008, p.114)
Even (2012)
Laurance (2003)
Pikafilms (2009)
BBC (2013)
BBC (2013)
Why Euthanasia should be banned?
Class : AEf3
Byungchul(Brian) Lee

On the patient
On the family
Medical Ethics argument
Brian Lee AE f.3
What is sanctity of life?
'Slippery slope' argument
Euthanasia is currently illegal in all Australian states.
State or territory Criminal legislation outlawing
euthanasia and assisted suicide
Australian Capital
Territory Crimes Act 1900
New South Wales Crimes Act 1900
Northern Territory Criminal Code Act 1983
Queensland Criminal Code Act 1899
South Australia Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935
Tasmania Criminal Code Act 1924
Victoria Crimes Act 1958
Western Australia Criminal Code Act 1913
(Ebrahimi 2012)

Brian Lee AE f.3

In Australia, active voluntary euthanasia, assisted suicide and physician-assisted suicide are illegal.
On patient
The Sanctity of life
Human life must be respected and preserved.
Brian Lee AE f.3
Abuse of autonomy and human rights
“the right of patients to make decisions about their medical care. Health care providers are allowed to educate the patients but they are not allowed to make the decision for the patient”
Brian Lee AE f.3
Religious argument
Christianity – The Christian view sees life as a gift from GOD, who ought not to be offended by the taking of that life.
Islam – The Islamic faith says that “It is the sole prerogative of God to bestow life and to cause death”
Brian Lee AE f.3
Example 1: an elderly person in a nursing home, who can barely understand a breakfast menu, is asked to sign a form consenting to be killed. Is this voluntary or involuntary? Will they be protected by the law? How? Right now the overall prohibition on killing stands in the way. Once one signature can sigh away a person’s life.
Example 2: A woman is suffering from depression and asks to be helped to commit suicide. One doctor sets up a practice to “help” such people. She and anyone who wants to die know he will approve any such request. He does thousands a year for $200 each.
(Marnusson 2004)
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Taking away hope
Dividing a family on life and death decisions
On the Medical community and society
Economic pressures may lead to discrimination in medical decision making against persons with disabilities, or those who are poor and week.
Euthanasia as murder!
Killing becomes as option in medical treatment options
Medical caregivers change from healers to killers
As medical ethics decline there will be a progressive loss of respect for all human life
Suicide and murder become acceptable
(Maranatha Community 2009)
There is a difference opinion...
Some believe it is for the better...
Others believe it is completely wrong or against religion..
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NSWA cited in Nurse uncut (2011)
Euthanasia is not a matter of life and death
Your life, Your choices
Nut, Elvis and Brian AE.f3
A person is seen at a 10th floor window of a burning building.
Their clothes are on fire and fire brigade has not yet arrived.
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