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Child Guidance

Kristy Wright

on 27 November 2012

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Thank you! *The middle school years is a paramount time for examining independence, freedom, and autonomy from parents and society.
*As this transition into early-adulthood occurs, adult activities become more seducing and individuals ranging from 12-15 years, crave a taste of “adulthood” without knowing what’s in store for them.

*They want to become adults all too quickly and most often, become involved with drugs and alcohol to be approved by friends and society.
*This often leads to separation from friends, family and loved ones and most often ends up in addiction and worst, death. Middle school Teachers can help Students avoid Drugs and Alcohol The Effect of Drugs on Middle School Children http://www.king5.com/health/childrens-healthlink/Middle-school-teachers-can-help-students-avoid-drugs-and-alcohol-147669475.html Statistics *Numerous amounts of middle-aged children develop a habit using illegal drugs.
*prescription drugs
*alcohol or other substances

*70% of middle school students have had at least one alcoholic beverage, and they are often with their friends when they drink.

*Over eight million children live with at least one parent who abuses drugs or alcohol, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

*The Drug Abuse Warning Network estimates that illicit and prescription drug abuse contributes to over 1.7 million emergency department visits annually.

*In 2006, three out of 10 cases had been related to cocaine, another three had been due to marijuana or heroin, and another one out of 10 cases had been attributed to stimulants or club drugs reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Reasons why middle school students get involved *curiosity
*peer pressure
*risk-taking behaviors
*thrill-seeking activities
*pleasure Peer and Parent-Pressure Teens are curious to see how it feels to get “high,” or drunk. They feel like once this occurs, they can be accepted into early-adulthood and their friends.

*Not only will their friends be pressuring them into doing the illicit drugs, but also their parents could be doing it as well and encouraging all-together.

*Middle-school children may often times seek attention by rebelling against societal rules and may simply do it as a cry for help.

*Another reason, is that they go through emotional hormonal cycles, and because of this and any other factors, may want to feel numb about what they’re feeling and therefore, seek to experience a surreal reality.

*They may also be bored and seek excitement and want to feel good about themselves. Parenting Children
*This is a time when a child looks up to role models to follow in their footsteps. If these role-models are parents and other family members who themselves are involved in illegal drug and alcohol use, the middle-school child may often time follow in their foot-steps because they think it’s the right way to be.

*When parents who are involved in drug addiction, badger their child/children to try drugs and alcohol, it can be even more traumatic than peer pressure alone.

*These children will think that since their parents love them and want the best for them, that they should try it because that’s what they’re asked to do. Over eight million children live with at least one parent who abuses drugs or alcohol, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Consequences
Alcohol drinking can impair the cerebellum, which leads to below par coordination; reduce the size of the hippocampus, leading to memory loss; and damage the frontal cortex, leaving a cognitive deficiency throughout adulthood. Side Effects
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration and the Department of Justice report that children who abuse from drugs and alcohol can often lead to:
*trouble remembering
*mood swings
*car crashes

*accidental injuries, self-inflicted wounds, diseases, HIV/AIDS, suicide, and homicide. How a Child becomes Addicted
1. The chemicals in meth, cocaine, heroin, marijuana, hard liquor and other substances tap into the nerve center of the brain and destroy proper communications.
2. The different drugs and alcohol also flood the system with dopamine. This chemical creates feelings of pleasure and euphoria, which is the high. The first few instances cause a person to like the feeling and repeat behaviors to obtain it.

Over time, the brain senses that it has too much dopamine, so it starts shutting down receptors and producing less of the chemical.

The good news is that the children’s brain is resilient and can recover. Erk, R. (2008). Counseling treatment for children and adolescents with DSM-IV-TR disorders
(2nd ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Merrill Prentice Hall.

McIntosh, J. J., MacDonald, F. F., & McKeganey, N. N. (2006). Why do children experiment with illegal drugs? The declining role of peer pressure with increasing age. Addiction Research & Theory, 14(3), 275-287. doi:10.1080/16066350500330465

McKeganey, N., McIntosh, J., MacDonald, F., Gannon, M., Gilvarry, E., McArdle, P., & McCarthy, S. (2005). Preteen Children and Illegal Drugs. Drugs: Education, Prevention & Policy, 11(4), 315-327.
Baker, P. L., & Carson, A. (1999). “I Take Care of My Kids”: Mothering practices of
substance-abusing women. Gender and Society, 13(3) 347-363.1999-05396-00110.1177/089124399013003005. 10.1177/089124399013003005 . journal Citation.

Denscombe, M. (2001). Peer group pressure: New developments and policy implications. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 8(1), 7–32.
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