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The Harlem Renaissance

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Sabrina Forrester

on 16 November 2016

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Transcript of The Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance
Introduction
What was the Harlem Renaissance?
Causes of the Renaissance
World War I
Harlem
What Happened?
The Age of Jazz
Legacy
http://www.history.com/topics/roaring-twenties/videos/the-harlem-renaissance
The Great
Gatsby
"Civilization's going to pieces," Tom broke out violently. "...Have you read The Rise of the Coloured Empires by this man Goddard?...The idea is if we don't look out the white race will be — will be utterly submerged." (p.18)
A "rebirth" of African American culture that saw an increase in music, art, and literature
Difficult to determine when it began and ended
Best estimates say it began in 1919 and ended in the early 1930s
The movement was originally called the New Negro Movement (coined by author Alain Locke)
It became known as the Harlem Renaissance years later
Widely considered the capital of the renaissance
A neighbourhood within the borough of Manhattan
The European Renaissance
Was a time of great social and cultural change in Europe in the 14th century
Characterized by the innovation and creativity that was demonstrated at the time
Represented a divergence from the traditional society and culture in Europe
Caused a massive increase in industries
Created new industrial work for thousands and drew people out of rural areas and into cities
The Great Migration
A large number of African Americans left the impoverished South for new opportunity they hoped they could find in the North
Hoped to leave behind racial prejudices and economic hardship and achieve higher social and economical standing
Emerging Literature
Art
Expressed a desire for freedom
Was relaxed and spontaneous
Reflected mainstream attitudes
Invention of the radio
Cultivated many famous musicians like Billie Holiday, who was known for popularizing blues and jazz vocals
By: Sabrina Forrester, Samantha DiTomaso, Lindsay Bridges
One of the most influential movements of African American literary history
Wanted to break free from white stereotypes and redefine what it meant to be African American
Content of the time focused on everyday life and culture
An opportunity to express the diversity of the African American people while also subtly protesting black discrimination
Wasn't until after WWI that black painters and sculptors began focusing on the African American lifestyle
Styles related to black aesthetic traditions of Africa and folk art
West African cultural models gained importance for black artists when African art became better known in Western society
Prominant artist of the era was Aaron Douglas
Developed his own style of art that dealt with African American content
His style was inpired by Art Deco, ancient Egyptian, and abstract art
Style was called
geometrical figural
Aspects of Negro Life: From Slavery to Reconstruction
by Aaron Douglas
Didn't achieve the social and political transformations that some had hope it would
Movement spread beyond Harlem and achieved international response
Changed the image of black culture in America
Established the authority of black writers, artists, and musicians as a a representation of their culture and experiences
More than an influx of music, art, and literature
Inspired many including Elvis Presley and the early rock and roll genre
Still a turning point in African American history
Helped achieve a blending of cultures
Trivia #1
The word "renaissance" can be translated from what language to mean "rebirth"?
A.) French
B.) Spanish
C.) Latin
Trivia #2
In what borough of New York City would you find Harlem?
A.) Brooklyn
B.) Manhattan
C.) Queens
Trivia #5
Which of the following was inspired by the events of the Harlem Renaissance?
A.) Aaron Douglas
B.) Billie Holiday
C.) Elvis Presley
Trivia # 3
What was one of the main causes of the Harlem Renaissance?
A.) World War II
B.) The Cold War
C.) World War I
Trivia #4
Where did Billie Holiday perform?
A.) The Cotton Club
B.) The Apollo Theatre
C.) The Savoy Ballroom
"Nowadays people begin sneering at family life and family institutions, and next they'll throw everything overboard and have intermarriage between black and white." (p.124)
Shows the changing social atmosphere of the 20s
Indicate the beginnings of the Harlem Renaissance
Shows how some people felt that their way of life was being threatened
The American Dream
Gatsby came to West Egg in order to win back Daisy Buchanan
Nick came to New York for business opportunities
African Americans migrated to the North in search of opportunities that would lead to wealth and power
All were willing to work hard to achieve their dream
Music
Jazz music is the predominant type of music talked about in the novel
Symbolizes the beginning of a new era
The movie soundtrack (2013) featured modern hip-hop and rap instead of traditional music
Showed the rebellious nature of jazz music at the time
Full transcript