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The Elizabethan Era, Shakespeare and the Globe Theatre

An introduction for Year 9 students to the Elizabethan Era, Shakespeare's early life and the Globe Theatre.

Mira Hrnjacki

on 10 April 2018

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Transcript of The Elizabethan Era, Shakespeare and the Globe Theatre

The Elizabethan era
The Globe Theater
A Journey into the Elizabethan Era and the world of William Shakespeare
Also known as The Golden Age
Lasted from 1558-1603
Many great explorers made their marks exploring the recently discovered (at least by the Europeans anyway) newly found continents of North and South America
Particularly famous was the explorer Sir Walter Raleigh who founded Roanoke, a mysterious English colony in the US that just disappeared
And of course, The Golden Age was famous for William Shakespeare and his plays in the infamous Globe Theatre
Queen Elizabeth I
Even during the Elizabethan Era women were:
Generally uneducated, some were fortunate enough to be tutored at home
Not allowed to enter University
Not allowed to inherit land and riches from their fathers (unless they were royalty)
Not allowed to vote
Not allowed to act in theatres
Boys on the other hand had much more freedom and greater rights in all aspects of life
What was the Elizabethan era?
A typical school from the Elizabethan Era
Although this era was a time full of
exitement about the exploration of
the New World, it was most famous
for the various plays performed in
the theatres.
Ms Hrnjacki
For her awesome 2018 Year 9 English class at Cambridge Park High
Clothing was very sophisiticated and extravagant for the wealthy
Men and women often wore many layers of clothing. The richer one was in that era, the more sophisticated and extravagant their clothing became.
Laws limited what ordinary people could wear - for example, only royalty could wear clothes trimmed with certain luxurious materials
A design of the Queen's outfit
Poorer people often lacked variety in their diet and were usually malnutritioned - they often ate bread, beer, porridge and only sometimes meat, vegetables and milk
The wealthy were treated to big extravagant banquets and regualarly ate foods which were being introduced from the New World and places newly explored by the English
Foods like capsicums and additives like spices were a luxury that was first introduced into the English medival diet
Group of men eating fruits
For the Lower Classes - the Theatre was the pinnacle of leisure time
Feasts, Fairs and Festivals (including St Valentine's Day) were very important dates in the Lower Class people's calendar for entertainment and celebration
Leisure & Celebrations
February 2: Candlemas (first day of spring)
February 14: Valentine's Day
March 3-9: Mardi Gras
May 1: May dad (celebrates the beginning of summer)
October 31: All Hallows Eve (Halloween)
December 25- January 6: 12 Days of Christmas
A few holidays that were celebrated
A gathering of people
The people of this era enjoyed watching
and playing various sports as well. Sports and games included:
Skittles - todays Bowling
Battledore - todays Badminton
Sports and Leisure Games
A joust between two knights
Main sources of entertainment include:
Watching plays in theatres
Painting - artists like Nicholas Hilliard were often summoned to court to paint masterpiece portraits of Queen Elizabeth I
The earliest portrait of Nicholas Hilliard
Built in 1599 by Shakespeare's company 'The Lord Chamberlain's Men' using materials from an old theatre built by Richard Burbage's father
In 1613, a fire caused by a theatrical cannon burned down the threatre
It was rebuilt however closed down in 1642 and completely pulled down in about 1644 by the Puritans who came into power after Elizabeth I's death
Completey rebuilt using traditional methods and materials in 1997 and remains open today performing Shakespeare's plays on a regular basis in it's original location in London
History of the Globe Theatre
A paper replica of
the Globe Theatre.
Simple design which consisted of a three-story structure with an open roof
Audience were seated amongst the three stories according to their wealth and status
A short gap between the stage and the audience was called 'The Yard'
The plays usually took place on the first story - with the exception of some, such as the balcony scene in Romeo & Juliet
The layout of the Globe Theatre
To entertain audiences!
Purpose of the Globe Theatre:
The view of the stage from the seats
Highly respected as one of the greatest (if not the greatest) playwright and poet in English history
Born on April 23rd 1564 at Stratford-upon-Avon, England
Married Anne Hathaway and had three children
Personal Life
Julius Ceasar
Romeo & Juliet
The Merchant of Venice
A Midsummer Night's Dream
Two Gentlemen of Verona
The Winter's Tale
Just some of his most famous plays
No matter how grand
the theatre may have been for it's time, it was most well known for the plays performed within it written by Shakespeare
The way that the world developed into the world we know today has been influenced immensely by the amibition of the Elizabethan Era and the ingenius works of William Shakespeare
Anne Hathaway's cottage today in Stratford-upon-Avon
See the towns website at:
Full transcript