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Sri Lanka

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Colin Owens

on 11 February 2015

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Transcript of Sri Lanka

1. Herrmann, Steve P., Mr. "Sri Lanka Profile." BBC News. BBC, 23 Oct. 2012. Web. 12 Nov. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-12004081>.

2. "Sri Lanka : Australian Funds to Increase Sri Lanka's Forest Cover." Sri Lanka : Australian Funds to Increase Sri Lanka's Forest Cover. Lanka Business Online, 8 Aug. 2012. Web. 12 Nov. 2012. <http://www.colombopage.com/archive_12A/Oct13_1350109964CH.php>.

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Business, Lanka. "News Line :SL Aims to Attract More American Tourists." News Line :SL Aims to Attract More American Tourists. Lanka Business Online, 8 Aug. 2010. Web. 12 Nov. 2012. <http://www.priu.gov.lk/news_update/Current_Affairs/ca201208/20120808sl_aims_to_attract_more_american_tourists.htm>.

4. "Central Intelligence Agency." CIA. The World Factbook, 6 Nov. 2012. Web. 12 Nov. 2012. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ce.html>.
Works Cited
In the Article: Empowering rural communities to bridge income gaps in Sri Lanka, they talk about a rural development program (Gemi Diriya or “The Strength of the Villages).

This Program helps villagers set up their own micro financing for small business and aid within the rural communities.

I feel this is a very effective way to bridge the gap between poverty and wealth
Thoughts on Problem Seven
Vast Disparity between the wealthier Western Province and the lagging regions has been one of the country’s most severe obstacles of growth

Two thirds of the population live in the lagging regions

In the lagging regions, poverty rates are more than double compared to the Western Province
Problem Seven: Income Gaps in Sri Lanka
I believe that following many of the anti smoking, health based initiatives within America could result in a stronger and healthier population.

The article: Tackling Non-Communicable Diseases in Sri Lanka, encourages Sri Lanka to adopt a number of population based and individual, patient based approaches to reduce unhealthy behaviors in the general population.

These efforts they say, such as more effective legislation on the use of Trans fats and tobacco as well as public education to reduce salt intake would help delay the onset of these diseases.
Thoughts on Problem Six
The Demographic transition in Sri Lanka is of an older and aging population.

Because of this, much of the country is dealing with higher health care costs and increased cases of heart disease, diabetes, cancers, and asthma.

Accounts for 85% of ill health, disability, and early death.
Problem Six: Demographic Transition and Health Care; Non- Communicable Diseases
This problem is a negative view of tourism within Sri Lanka, I feel it is very necessary for the success of the country to focus on requesting help from Westernized countries to outfit the country with recycling plants and incinerators. This will help to recover from the tsunami in 2004.

Constantly pouring money into relief efforts does temporarily solve the problem; but being accountable to providing sustainable jobs for those effected to refurbish the land, making it more attractive, will boost the damaged economy and people outright.
Thoughts on Problem Five
Because of the increase in tourism, much of Sri Lanka’s infrastructure is having difficulty keeping pace.
 
funds that were meant to assist the families and their homes damaged by the tsunami are channeled instead into beachfront beautification schemes for tourists and wealthier Sri Lankan citizens.

Garbage and sewage pile up.
Problem Five: Tourism and Infrastructure
Due to widespread assistance by multiple countries and relief organizations, the initial recovery was a success. But, many people continue to live displaced and impoverished due to the storm.

I believe that allowing tourism and other forms of economic growth must take priority so that the many Sri Lankans without a home or a job will be able to make a steady income eventually.
Thoughts on Problem Four
December 26, 2004 Sri Lanka was hit by a tsunami that was caused by the largest earthquake ever recorded by sea.

30,000 People dead

Much of the country’s infrastructure was destroyed

Nearly 1.8 Billion Dollars in damages
Problem Four: Tsunami Recovery
From the Article: SL aims to attract more American tourists, they explain that the best way to entice tourism to the country would be to produce multiple country tour packages covering Sri Lanka and Maldives or Sri Lanka and India to better attract American travelers.

I agree with this plan. I also think Cruise packages would be a great way to sample Sri Lanka. People could explore the beaches and vendors could set up shop along the coast when cruises dock in Sri Lanka.
Thoughts on Problem Three
In the article I read titled Australian funds to increase Sri Lanka’s Forest Cover, I read about the efforts already in place to resolve the problem of deforestation.

On October 11, with 650 million rupees and assistance from Australia, the community forestry program aims to double forest cover by ten years in Sri Lanka
Thoughts on Problem Two
Sri Lanka has lost half of its forest cover during the past hundred years.

Dwindling forest cover increases risk of drought, forest fires, water shortages, and poverty for rural farmers
Problem Two: Deforestation
Sinhalese the larger community within Sri Lanka
Sinhalese wished Tamil community would leave Sri Lanka because of their ties with India as well as their original placement by the British in the land.
Sinhalese were tied with Southwest Asia; cultural differences apparent
Two Decades of war from 1983 to cease fire in 2009
80,000 to 100,000 Deaths.
Still dealing with differences today.
Problem One: Civil War
Won Independence From U.K. in 1948.

Changed name from Ceylon to Sri Lanka in 1972.

"Strong Economic Growth“

166 Rank in GDP globally.

Agriculture makes up 13 percent of GDP

Industry makes up 29.6 percent of GDP

Services the highest with 57.4 of GDP

Tertiary Sector of Demographic Transition Model
Government And Economy
Located near Southern Asia; An island in the Indian Ocean.

Slightly larger than West Virginia.

Climate based off of Monsoon seasons.

Terrain is mostly low, flat rolling plain.

Natural Resources Include: Limestone, Graphite, Mineral Sands, Gems, Phosphates, Clay.
Environmental Geography
Colin Owens
Sri Lanka
A. Jayasuriya, Sisira, Paul Steele, and Dushni Weerakoon. "Post-Tsunami Recovery: Issues and Challenges in Sri Lanka." ABDI.com. The Institute of Policy Studies (IPS) of Sri Lanka and the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI), Tokyo, Japan, Oct. 2005. Web. 12 Nov. 2010. <http://www.adbi.org/files/2005.10.dp39.tsunami.recovery.srilanka.pdf>.

B. "News & Views." Tackling Non-Communicable Diseases in Sri Lanka. The World Bank, 16 July 2011. Web. 12 Nov. 2012. <http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/2012/05/16/non-communicable-diseases-sri-lanka>.

C. "After the Tsunami Came a Flood of Developers." The Guardian. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 19 Feb. 2010. Web. 12 Nov. 2012. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/gallery/2010/feb/19/india-tourism-concern>.

D. "Empowering Rural Communities to Bridge Income Gaps in Sri Lanka." South Asia -Empowering Rural Communities to Bridge Income Gaps in Sri Lanka. World Bank, 2009. Web. 12 Nov. 2012. <http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/0,,contentMDK:22310182~pagePK:2865106~piPK:2865128~theSitePK:223547,00.html>.
Works Cited Cont.
To boost economy, Sri Lanka is on a drive to attract 100,000 American tourists by 2016.

This will be difficult because of the accessibility and long hours of flight required to reach the island

Civil Conflict and struggle with infrastructure has been a major dampener in Tourism growth.
Problem Three: Tourism to Sri Lanka
I believe that to deal with this Civil strife, equal representation and moderation within the Sri Lankan Government would be an adequate start to resolving the feelings of misrepresentation the Tamil feel about the Government. Rewriting and ratifying the laws that discriminated against the Tamil would help decrease the tension as well.
Thoughts on Problem One
-The Golden Temple of Dambulla
Society And Culture
Title Slide
Appendix
Environmental Geography
Society and Culture
Government and Economy
Problem One: Civil War
Thoughts on Problem One
Problem Two: Deforestation
Thoughts on Problem Two
Problem Three: Tourism to Sri Lanka
Thoughts on Problem Three
Problem Four: 2004 Tsunami Recovery
Thoughts on Problem Four
Problem Five: Tourism and Infrastructure
Thoughts on Problem Five
Problem Six: Demographic Change and Health Care
Thoughts on Problem Six
Problem Seven: Income Gaps In Sri Lanka
Thoughts on Problem Seven
Works Cited
Works Cited Cont.
Appendix
Languages (From Largest to Smallest)

Sinhala

Tamil

Sri Lankan Tamil

Other

Colombo most densely populated area (681,000 people)

Life Expectancy 75.94

Total Fertility Rate: 2.17 Children

Sri Lanka Is well know for its Buddhist temples:
-Sacred temple of the Tooth, Kandy



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