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How did the American colonies win the Revolutionary War?

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on 13 December 2014

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Transcript of How did the American colonies win the Revolutionary War?

When war erupted in 1775, the odds favored the British and many loyalists believed that they would be victorious in the war. The main reason was the British army was well organized. It had a large, well organized land army while the Royal Navy was known for its ability on the sea.

George Washington turned the Continental Army into a professional fighting force. However, the odds still appeared to be against the American colonies. The American Continental Army however believed that they had a fighting chance. The main reason was because the colonists had more to lose than the British. Since they were fighting for freedom in their home they had everything to lose if they did not win the war. That fact can defiantly turn the average man to a barbaric warrior. Most of the colonists were Patriots and supported the fight so they got a lot of home support. The close knit band of men that fought together had more value for one another life than the British soldiers because they were neighbors.

"We must all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang separately." -Benjamin Franklin
So how did these men beat the powerful British Army?
Colonial unification
The Bostonians in Distress
Many problems arose in the start of the war because of colonial differences. Before the Revolution War colonies were not on the same page when it came to Britain. Many colonists were Loyalist to Britain and did not want to start a War against Britain. However, after the cost of living began to increase the settlers began to blame the British. The Southern states were a key factor in the delay of unity between the thirteen colonies. The Southern and Northern colonies took time to come to an agreement, but they were still on the same page. Both the South and the North did not appreciate the taxes that the British colonies were placing on them. Metaphorically speaking that was the match that lit up the revolution. One of the main reason the South had closer ties with England was because of cash crops of cotton. The fact money was involved made many Loyalists, not saying that all Loyalists were loyal because of money. The south had more to lose than the North that is why it took them longer to get on the band wagon. Prior to the American Revolution the colonies started to unite because of the taxes that Britain had started placing on them after the war to gain the money lost due to money borrowed. Many of the colonists found it unfair and unjust. The Stamp Act united the Colonies in protest. This situation triggered the original thirteen American colonies to get together and unite against the British Empire.
Saturday, December,13, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Geography helped the American Colonist in a number of ways
Let's talk about Geography?
The American Revolutionary War was a war fought on American soil between Britain and the thirteen colonies. The royal army consisted of nearly 50,000 regular troops combined with over 30,000 German mercenaries.

The army built by the colonists was relatively smaller than that of the British. Most of the soldiers in the American army were young, landless, unskilled, and poor men. Many also were indentured servants and slaves who were serving as substitutes for their masters and had been promised their freedom at the war's end.

1. The terrain of North America was unfamiliar to the British and many of the new troops sent to fight in the War did not have any familiarity to its geography. American troops were familiar to the terrain and had little trouble maneuvering through the land.

2. The different climate in the various parts of the country also played a big a big role in the British unfamiliarity with the Country. British soldiers who were familiar with the mild climate of England had trouble adapting to vary in climates especially the hot climates of the south.

3. The distance in American settlements the British had trouble transporting men and supplies to the different parts of the country. The difficulty in moving British troops from east to west allowed the colonists victories.

4. Britain was already aware with the in its distant from the American colonies, which was made clear in the Quartering Act of 1765 that required British soldiers to live in the homes of colonists. The Distance of Britain from North America

5. Britain spent a great deal of time, energy, and money which they did not have since they were still had a war debt. Sending soldiers and supplies back and forth from Britain was very expensive.

How did the American colonies win the Revolutionary War?
The Thirteen Colonies Shared The Same Enemy
War Tactics
Surprise Attacks
Mainly done at night and in the cold Colonist would attack the British while they slept.

Most famous of these attacks was The Battle of Trenton

Used the British style of figting
The British style of fighting was done in most occasions. Men would line up in a formation and fire at their opponents.
Guerilla Warfare
Looking for a new approach on the war the colonists started to use a different type of military tactic seen in The Battle of Lexington and Concord. This was Guerilla Warfare which aided small unskilled civilians in combat with more skilled larger army by using tactics such as ambushes, sabotage, and so on. This however was not used in every battle.
Fighting from higher positions
Since the colonists knew the terrain, in many times in battle they would fight from a more elevated part of the terrain in order to more aggressively fight off the British. Seen in the battle of Bunker Hill the colonists fought behind Fortification of Breed's Hill.
Seen in the Battle of Yorktown, the French decided to back the U.S. in its military efforts until the U.S. had full independence from Great Britain. Helped from outside sources from the French and Spanish added a much needed boost to the smaller army of the Americans.
The colonists used many War tactics in fighting against the British
The three main advantages that helped the colonists win the Revolutionary War were geography, colonial unification and war tactics.

Ksssar.org,. 2014. 'REVOLUTIONARY WAR FLAG'. http://www.ksssar.org/img/revolutionary-war-flag.jpg.

S3.timetoast.com,. 2014. http://s3.timetoast.com/public/uploads/photos/4463408/main_american_revolution_03.jpg?1380929651.

YouTube,. 2014. 'Crashcourse'. https://www.youtube.com/user/crashcourse.
If the Colonists did not know the geography of their terrain, unify the colonies and use war tactics, they would not have won the war.
If the Colonists did not know the geography of their terrain, unify the colonies and use war tactics, they would not have won the war.
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