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Energy Poverty

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Rebecca Dall'Orso

on 21 February 2014

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Transcript of Energy Poverty

Poverty and Energy Needs
Global Issue
Population = Poverty
Whats Going On?
With 1.2 billion without access to electricity
Who Is Affected?
Environmental Impact
Environmental degradation from commercial logging and agricultural colonization
Latin America
2.6 billion people with no access to clean cooking facilities
Sub-Saharan Africa
Cause of problem: individual progress
Economic factors
need more collective political action
governance issues
Government Acknowledgment
Lack of regulation at the local level
Governmental regulation of energy technology transfer should not be only focus
"International human rights norms have long asserted the fundamental moral claim each person has to life's essentials.... no matter how much or how little money or power they have. "
"Actions are framed by ideas of governance, risk identification and reduction and preparedness."
Fossil fuels are cheap
"Poor households often do not have the resources to obtain cleaner, more efficient fuels and appliances"
Carbon Emissions/ Indoor Pollution
Other Issues
2.6 billion people
49.4% - Developing Countries
(The International Energy Association, 2013).
International Energy Association
2.40 billion- 2002
2.63 billion- 2030
(World Health Organization, [2014]).
Indoor Air Pollution
(The Worldwatch Institute, 2013; pg 30).
19% of the world without electricity
1% increase in Carbon emissions
"Give priority to the needs of human beings alive today while trying to preserve conditions that allow future generations to meet their needs"
(The Worldwatch Institute, 2013; pgs: 8, 34).
Increase in pressure on local biomass resources
Climate change
droughts, floods, storms, etc.
large negative effect on impoverished areas
(World Health Organization, [2014]).
3.5 million die each year
200,000 more- outdoor pollution
7 billion - today
9.3 billion- 2050
48 least developed countries
double to 1.7 billion
(UNFPA, [2008]).
"The number of people without access to electricity globally has decreased by 50 million and the number without clean cooking facilities has declined by nearly 40 million"
(World Energy Outlook 2012, 2012).
768 million without
2.5 billion without sanitation
steam production
Protection Agency, 2013).
(UNICEF USA, 2014).
small particles
carbon monoxide
(Lomborg, 2013).
(World Health Organization, [2014]).
Environmental Protection Agency. United States Environmental Protection Agency, (2013). Coal: Clean energy. Retrieved from website: http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-and-you/affect/coal.html
UNICEF USA. (2014). Clean drinking water. Retrieved from http://www.unicefusa.org/work/water/
UNFPA. ([2008]). Reducing poverty and achieving sustainable development. Retrieved from http://www.unfpa.org/pds/poverty.html
(2012). World Energy Outlook 2012. International Energy Agency. Retrieved from http://www.worldenergyoutlook.org/media/weowebsite/energydevelopment/2012updates/Measuringprogresstowardsenergyforall_WEO2012.pdf
Lomborg, B. (2013, December 03). The poor need cheap fossil fuels. The New York TImes. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/04/opinion/the-poor-need-cheap-fossil-fuels.html?_r=5&
World Health Organization. ([2014]). Indoor air pollution: Multiple links between household energy and the millennium development goals. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/indoorair/mdg/energymdg/en/
The Worldwatch Institute. (2013). State of the world: Is sustainability still possible?.
Washington DC: Island Press.
The International Energy Association , W. E. O. (2013). Woe-2013 traditional biomass use database. Retrieved from http://www.worldenergyoutlook.org/resources/energydevelopment/energyaccessdatabase/
Urban areas

Socio-economic issues

Rural areas:

Rural Areas:

DR Congo
Dunbar, Brian. (2000) Earth at Night. [Photograph]. Retrieved from Nasa at http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/earthday/gall_earth_night.html

(O'Brien, O'Keefe & Rose, 2007)
O'Brien, G., O'Keefe, P., & Rose, J. (2007). Energy, poverty and governance. International Journal of Environmental Studies. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00207230600841385
World Energy Council. (2006) Alleviating Urban Energy Poverty in Latin America. United Kingdom: World Energy Council http://www.worldenergy.org/documents/urbanenpov2006.pdf
The International Energy Association , W. E. O. (2013). Energy Access Database. Retrieved from http://www.worldenergyoutlook.org/resources/energydevelopment/energyaccessdatabase/
they turn to cheap energy, fossil fuels
Dying premature deaths
The International Energy Association (2010) Energy Poverty: How to make modern energy access universal? Retrieved from: http://www.worldenergyoutlook.org/media/weowebsite/2010/weo2010_poverty.pdf
(Lomborg, 2013).
Cline, W. [Photograph of projected impact of climate change on agricultural yields]. (2007). Global Warming and Agriculture. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a9/Projected_impact_of_climate_change_on_agricultural_yields_by_the_2080s,_compared_to_2003_levels_(Cline,_2007).png
(Energy Poverty: How to ..., 2010 pg. 15)
(Energy Poverty: How to..., 2010, pg. 15).
(Energy Poverty: How to..., 2010,pg. 15).
WHO. [Photograph of IAP] (2007). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/indoorair/health_impacts/iapdalyshighres.JPG
Genomics Program Payoff. (n.d.). Wikimedia. Retrieved February 5, 2014, from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1c/Genomics_GTL_Program_Payoffs.jpg
(Dunbar, Brian 2000)
Millions of people without electricity and clean cooking. (n.d.). Our Future Earth. Retrieved February 5, 2014, from http://ourfutureearth.org/embed/images/460/6-map-energy-poverty-cc-tck-via-un.jpg
(Millions of People)
(WHO, 2007)
(Genomics Program Payoff)
The wealthiest 10% of the population have 57% of the global income
(World energy outlook, 2012).
(World energy outlook, 2012).
21% of people living on $1.25 a day would need just 0.2% of the global income to get out of poverty
"The energy it takes to build the infrastructure necessary for a sustainable, renewable energy economy must come from current energy consumption"
(The Worldwatch institute, 2013: pgs, 34, 80).
By: Rebecca Dall'Orso, Natalie Diltz, Robert LaFlamme, Jonathan Ross, Susan Ross
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