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Grammar Mini-Lesson: Clauses and Sentence Types

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Elena Brown

on 21 March 2011

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Transcript of Grammar Mini-Lesson: Clauses and Sentence Types

Identifying Clauses
Types of Sentences What is a clause? A clause is a string of words that contains both a subject and a verb. There are two types of clauses: independent and dependent. An independent clause is made up of a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. Cats love catnip. Dependent clauses are made of a subject and a verb, but begin with a subordinating conjunction, and do NOT express a complete thought. Because I said so. Subordinating conjections include: as, if, because, how, though, while, wherever...etc. Identify the following clauses as either independent, or dependent. As I lay dying. The bear ran faster. Whenever I feel like it. Types of Sentences There are four types:
Compound-Complex Simple sentences are
made up of ONE
independent clause. The cat pounced on the mouse. Compound sentences are
made up of two independent
clauses, and joined by a
conjunction. The cat pounced on the mouse, and he ran under the table Conjunctions:
FANBOYS Complex sentences are made up
of one independent and one
dependent clause. I was upset, but forgave him quickly. Compound-complex sentences
are made up of two independent
clauses, and one or more
dependent clauses. As I sleep, my cats snuggle and walk over over me. Identify the following sentences as simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex. Not many people know, but John Lennon wrote the song "Hey Jude" for his son, Julian. The Beatles are my favorite band. I smile whenever I hear the song "Blackbird." Do you like Italian food, or would you prefer Greek? As long as there is an internet, it seems there will be trolls.
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