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Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

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by

Lori Tubach

on 14 June 2016

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Transcript of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

Can they be cured?
While many STIs can be cured, many of them are permanent, some of which are fatal.
If you get an STI...
Don't freak out! They are very common. 1 in 2 sexually active people will get an STI before 25.
Avoiding STIs
You can make choices so you don't get an STI.
What are they?
An STI is an infection that can be transferred from one person to another through sexual contact.
Symptoms of STI
While there are many different STIs, symptoms of STIs are more or less the same, which can make it difficult to know which STI you may have based on symptoms alone. It is easier to have an idea of STI symptoms in general.
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI's)
FYI
Sexual contact is more than just vaginal intercourse. It includes anal intercourse, oral-genital intercourse, oral-anal intercourse, and any sexual touch that involves touching genitals. Any one of these activities can put you at risk for contracting an STI.
Curable STIs
These STIs are caused by bacteria and can be cured with antibiotics.
Symptoms of STI include:
Rash, bumps, sores, or blisters around the penis, vagina, mouth or rectum
Using condoms
Using a condom each and every time you have sex greatly reduces your chances of contracting an STI
Chlamydia
-It is most common among adolescent females. 3xs more common than Gonorrhea.
-Most people (70%) experience no symptoms.
-If left untreated, Chlamydia can cause Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), which can lead to infertility and ectopic pregnancy.
Gonorrhea
Also known as "The Clap" or "The Drip"
-Most infected people have no symptoms.

-If left untreated, gonorrhea can have severe long term side effects, including PID, epididymitis, ectopic pregnancy, and in some cases, death.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Syphilis
-Syphilis occurs in stages. There may be no symptoms or symptoms may vary depending on the stage.
Primary Stage
Usually marked by a single, painless sore, called a chancre. The sore will go away with or without treatment, but without it, the disease will progress.
Secondary Stage
Skin rash and mucous membrane lesions
Fever, swollen lymph glands, sore throat, patchy hair loss, headaches, weight loss, muscle aches, and fatigue
Again, symptoms will resolve with or without treatment, but without treatment, the disease will continue to progress.
-Though syphilis is curable, if it is left untreated, there can be many long term consequences that are irreversible.
Latent Stage
Begins when the secondary symptoms disappear
It can damage the internal organs, including the brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and joints
The internal damage may show up many years later
Long Term Effects:
Heart Damage
Nerve Damage
Dementia
Gradual Blindness
Brain damage
Paralysis
Numbness
Trichomoniasis
-Trichomoniasis is an infection caused by tiny parasites.
-Often there are no symptoms
-Trichomoniasis is mainly transmitted through sex, but can be transmitted through contact with damp clothing or towels.
-If left untreated, trich can cause complications during pregnancy.
Incurable STIs
These STIs are caused by viruses. There is no cure for these; however, there are treatments for all of them that can help with the symptoms.
Genital Herpes
"The gift that keeps on giving"
Herpes is caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus, or HSV.

HSV is the same virus that causes cold sores, though it is a different strain. However, it is possible for HSV 1 (cold sore strain) and HSV 2 (genital herpes strain) to occur on either the mouth or genitals, depending on how it was transmitted.

HPV
Human Papillomavirus, or HPV, is the virus that causes genital warts. HPV can also cause cervical, anal, or throat cancer, depending on how it was contracted.
While there is no cure for HPV, warts can be treated and removed. There is also now a vaccine for the most aggressive strains of HPV called Gardisil. It can be administered to boys and girls aged 9 - 26.
There are usually no symptoms of HPV. If there are symptoms, warts may appear weeks or months after having sex with an infected partner. Cancer-causing HPV will not show symptoms until the cancer is advanced.
HIV/AIDS
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS and is the most deadly of all STIs.
HIV can be spread through sexual activity or contact with contaminated blood. It can also be passed from mother to child through pregnancy or breastfeeding.
Many people infected with HIV do not have any symptoms. Symptoms don't usually develop until the person's immune system has been weakened. Symptoms are usually related to secondary infections and cancers that contracted due to a weakened immune system.
While there is no cure for HIV, early diagnosis and anti-retroviral treatments can slow the progression of HIV and delay the onset of AIDS.
Symptoms:
Swollen lymph glands in the neck, underarm, and groin.
Recurrent fever
Rapid weight loss for no apparent reason
Constant fatigue
Diarrhea and decreased appetite
White spots or unusual blemishes on the mouth
Painful urination
Unusual drips and smells from the penis or vagina
Itching penis, vagina, or rectum
Bleeding or pain during sex
**IMPORTANT**
If you notice any symptoms of an STI, you should get tested right away...
HOWEVER
Most people with STIS have
NO SYMPTOMS.
That is why it is so important to get tested any time you have a new sexual partner or every 6 months
EVEN IF YOU HAVE NO SYMPTOMS.
What you can do
Don't have sex.
Use condoms.
Choose partners wisely.
Get tested regularly.
Getting tested and treated as soon as possible will help you avoid harmful long term consequences, so don't be in denial and don't wait.
REMEMBER:
Sex is a BIG responsibility. If you are not prepared to:
talk to your partner about your sexual history and STI status
get tested for STIs when necessary
talk to your partner about using condoms
obtain and use condoms
Then you probably aren't ready to have sex.
Questions???

How do they spread?
STIs spread through contact with semen, vaginal fluids, and in some cases, blood or skin-to-skin contact.
STIs can spread VERY quickly among those who are sexually active who do not get regular testing and do not use condoms.
Pubic Lice
"crabs"
Tiny bugs less than 2 mm long that live in pubic hair. Crabs are not a major health hazard, however they cause extreme discomfort.
Crabs are generally spread through intimate contact, however, it is possible to spread from clothing, bedding or towels.

Symptoms
-Most people infected will not experience any symptoms.
-only about 1/3 of cases develop outbreaks/sores.
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