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The Latin American Boom!

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Mariana Gonzalez

on 24 May 2014

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Transcript of The Latin American Boom!

Latin American Boom!
What is the Latin American Boom?
It is a literary phenomenon that emerged between 1960 and 1970.
The work of a group of young Latin Americans was distributed throughout the world.
Latin American literature became known worldwide.
Innovation in the ways of writing and reading.
Characteristics of the Boom
Chronological alteration:
Magical Realism:
Writers of the Boom share certain common characteristics. The first is that belong to the current of "Magic Realism"
These stories are set in real places, with ordinary characters in everyday situations. However, supernatural situtations arise in this "reality"
Setting and situations are a kind of reality mixed with fantasy.
Oftenly, stories were about what ordinary people did in an ordinary day.
For the reader it is difficult to distingush between what is real or imaginary.
Most novels do not have a cronological order. In fact, events are not organized according to the way they happened,
Before the Boom era:

No major Latin American influences worldwide
Most famous writer was Jorge Luis Borges
What Factors generated the Boom?
Politics (Cuban revolution)
Writers in exile began communicating with one another.
Reading fiction became popular among the elite in Latin America
Important writers!
•Cortazar was born in Brussels in 1914.
•His family moved back to Argentina after the war.
•One of his first stories “House Taken Over” was published in 1946 in a magazine edited by Jorge Luis Borges.
•He moved to Paris in 1951, where he began to publish his short stories.
•He is known for his short stories.
•His second novel, Rayuela made Cortazar well known in the literary world.
Julio Cortázar:
Carlos Fuentes:

Born November 11, 1928
In Panama city
He saw Latin America from an “outsider’s” point of view.
Fuentes in the Boom:
Helped to develop the theme of historical fiction
His writing employed many of the boom techniques such as:
-Multiple characters (rotating characters)
-Stories that happened simultaneously (cross- cutting)
-Non-linear time lines (flashbacks)
-Close-ups or deep monologues
Helped to define the literary style of the Latin-American Boom
Gabriel García Márquez:
He was born in Colombia in 1927
Wrote many novels, short stories, and non-fiction.
His best known works are 100 Years of Solitude, Love in the Time of Cholera and Chronicles of a Death Foretold
"Gabo" brought Magical Realism to a very large audience
He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982
He is the most recognized author of the boom
My Personal Project (MYP)
"Hopscotch" by Julio Cortazar!
Hopscotch is a novel written by Julio Cortazar, published in 1963.
Key Facts!
It was written in Paris
It's one of the most important novels of the Boom.
Cortazar gives the reader three ways of reading the book...
1. Reading chapters 1 to 56 as any other book, ignoring the 99 chapters left.
2. "Hopscotching" through the 155 chapters according to a "Table of Instructions".
3. The reader can choose his or her "own path" while reading the book.
Stream of consciousness in the book:
- 1. J. A. Cuddon, A Dictionary of Literary Terms. (Harmondsworth, Penguin Books,1984), p.660-1).
"To depict the multitudinous thoughts and feelings which pass through the mind. Another phrase for it is 'interior monologue'." 1
Stream of consciousness refers to the flow of thoughts in the conscious mind. This is the way the book is written.
Hopscotch is a stream-of-consciousness novel
“She would smile and show no surprise, convinced as she was, the same as I, that casual meetings are apt to be just the opposite, and that people who make dates are the same kind who need lines on their writing paper, or who always squeeze up from the bottom on a tube of toothpaste.”

― Julio Cortázar, Hopscotch
The Latin American Boom...
What is my project about?
The ultimate goal of a personal project is to research about a topic that interests the student.
After a lot of thinking, I realized I wanted to research about a novel I read recently, which is "Hopscotch" by Julio Cortazar.
Personally I thought that was the hardest part of the project, because once you have a topic its quite easy to develop it.
Then, when researching about "Hopscotch", I found out about its importance in the literary Boom.
I found the Boom was a topic that really sparked a personal interest, so I decided to carry on with the investigation.
Finally, I chose the Literary Boom as the main object of my research, while leaving the research of "Hopscotch" as an example of literature during the Boom.
By: Mariana González
Bibliography:
http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/331811/Latin-American-literature/236896/The-boom-novels
http://www.donquijote.org/spanishlanguage/literature/history/latin-america/the-new-novel
http://www.themodernnovel.com/movements/boom.htm
http://www.ncsu.edu/acontracorriente/spring_08/Cobb.pdf
http://www.salon.com/2013/06/29/playing_hopscotch_with_julio_cortazar_partner/
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/10760543/The-Alphabet-Library-H-is-for-Hopscotch-by-Julio-Cortazar.html
http://www.darloup.com/forum/images/pix/boom01.jpg
https://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/25824.Julio_Cort_zar
http://www.economist.com/news/americas/21599782-instead-crises-past-mediocre-growth-big-riskunless-productivity-rises-life
http://literarydevices.net/stream-of-consciousness/
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