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War in Yugoslavia: The Kosovo Crisis
Transcript of War in Yugoslavia: The Kosovo Crisis
Causes Of The War In Yugoslavia: Yugoslavia's first communist leader, Marshal Tito, acted independently of Stalin in the 1940's to pursue his own foreign policy. he was able to temporarily solve ethnic differences within Yugoslavia by using a complex form of political power sharing. However, when he died, serious economic difficuties underminded the authority of the central government and Yugoslavia dissolved into a civil war. Tension Between Serbia & Croatia In the late 1980's, ethnic differences became a huge problem again in Yugoslavia. Nationalist leaders, such as Slobodan Milosovic (Serbia) and Franjo Tudjman (Croatia) gained more power within the Yugoslav government. These two opposed each other due to their ethnic differences. In the summer of 1990, Slovenia and Croatia declared independence from the central Yugoslav government. Serbia & Croatia Prepare For War: Serbia was worried about Serbs living in Croatia and losing land and resources, so they wanted to maintain unity with Yugoslavia. Croatian Serbs demanded safeguards against discrimination and violence, providing the Serbian Army with a pretext to move against Croatia.
War Begins By June 1991, a war broke out between Serbia and Croatia. Serbia accused Croatia of reviving fascism. Croatia accused Serbia of maintaining a Stalinist regime. However, the main conflict between the two was their ethnic differences. Bosnia-Herzegovina In 1992, Croatian and Serbian forces were determined to divide Bosnia-Herzegovina. They crushed the Muslims in Bosnia because they were persuing a policy of "ethnic cleansing" Created by Jennifer Myklebust & Jonathan Hucke Sarajevo Then, both sides attacked eachother in the capital, Sarajevo. The United Nations tried to solve the problem, but it didn't work. In 1994, a shell exploded in a marketplace in Sarajevo, and NATO forced the Serbs to withdraw their artillery from Sarajevo. Peace Agreement In 1995, leaders from both sides met in Dayton, Ohio in the U.S. to try and sign a peace agreement. It recognized Bosnia as independent. Aggression Escalates in Kosovo NATO intervened with Yugoslav affairs when Serbian aggression against ethnic Albaninas in the Serbian province of Kosovo escaladed. The Serbian military forcibly moved ethnic Albanians from Kosovo (in which they made up a majority of the population). The End of the Problems In 1999, NATO carried out an air campaign, bombing Serbia, and introduced NATO forces into Kosovo to help the ethnic Albanians. This air campaign was the largest military action in Europe since the end of WWII. The following year, a revolution occured and the government of Slobodan Milosevic was overthrown. The new Yugoslav government turned the former leader over to the International War Crimes Tribunal at the Hague.
Fin. Gallery A Tomahawk cruise missile launches from the aft missile deck of the USS Gonzalez headed for a target in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on March 31, 1999. The Arleigh Burke Class destroyer is operating in the Adriatic Sea in support of NATO Operation Allied Force. CK building on fire during the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. U.S. Marines provide security as members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Forensics Team investigate a grave site in a village in Kosovo on July 1, 1999. Elements of the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit are deployed from ships of the USS Kearsarge Amphibious Ready Group as an enabling force for KFOR. KFOR is the NATO-led, international military force which deployed into Kosovo on a peacekeeping mission known as Operation Joint Guardian. Yugoslav Army M-84 tanks withdrawing from Kosovo. Members of the Kosovo Liberation Army (in the middle is Sadik Cuflaj) stand in formation to turn over their weapons to U.S. Marines from the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit in the village of Zegra, Kosovo, on June 30, 1999.