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Militarism as a Cause of WWI

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alexander smith wallenberg

on 11 September 2014

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Transcript of Militarism as a Cause of WWI

Militarism as a Cause of WWI

How important was this as a cause of war?

How did it make war more likely?

Did it make the outbreak of the war inevitable?
Militarism
What importance did
it have in the cause of
the war?
Germany’s promotion of a militaristic culture began as early as 1850, when German Field Marshal Moltke began building a newer, more technologically advanced military, from the former Prussian army.

Due to Germany’s rapidly growing military and advancement in warfare technology, the other European powers felt the need to bolster defenses and offenses to counteract any attempts from Germany.















Example of German
technological advancement can be seen in the difference of an 1800 flintlock rifle(very slow and inaccurate), vs a bolt action rifle (slightly faster, much more accurate and deadly
Flintlock rifle ca. 1800
Bolt-action german rifle, ca. 1890
(cont) same rifle, bolt-action view
Rise in Military Expenditure
The Total Defence Expenditure of the Powers (in million £ )
(Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Britain, France and Russia)












It is also important to take notice of the fact that from 1910 to 1914, while France increased her defence expenditure by 10%, Britain by 13%, Russia by 39%, and Germany was the most militaristic as she increased by 73%. Increased war expenditure enabled all the powers to raise more armies and improve their battleships.
1870
1890
1910
1914

94€
154€
289€

394€
Rise in Military Expenditure
The Total Defence Expenditure of the Powers (in million £ )
(Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Britain, France and Russia)





It is also important to take notice of the fact that from 1910 to 1914, while France increased her defence expenditure by 10%, Britain by 13%, Russia by 39%, and Germany was the most militaristic as she increased by 73%. Increased war expenditure enabled all the powers to raise more armies and improve their battleships.
Militarism played an important role in regards to both the mindset of the countries involved, as well as the scale of the war.
How did Militarism make war more likely?
Which of the following images is more likely to turn hostile?
OR..
Essentially, weaponized countries are more
likely to attack, especially if they feel threatened.
Did Militarism make the
outbreak of the war inevitable?




The answer is no. It was a large factor, and as stated previously, it simply set the stage for the scale of the war to take place. Proof of this is the United States and the Soviet Unions arms race post WW2, that never led to a war (proxy wars were supported, but were not contributed substantially by militarism, as no atomic weapons were used).
In summary,
militarism was a large
catalyst in the initiation of WWI, and
caused countries to glorify war,
and as a result, promoted the further development
of tools necessary to conduct it.

Sources:

http://alphahistory.com/worldwar1/militarism/

http://www.funfront.net/hist/wwi/military.htm

https://rudbeck-ib-history-revision.wikispaces.com/2.1+Causes+of+the+First+World+War

Dreadnought Battleship
Gas masks, were introduced,
as chemical warfare was researched and
developed.

Hot air balloons, or BLIMPS,
were designed to drop explosives,
or scout ahead.

Some interesting technological advancements include, but are not limited to:
Alejandro Rivera

Sander Wallenberg
Full transcript