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Music and the Effects on the Brain

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Tracy Nienaber

on 6 June 2014

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Transcript of Music and the Effects on the Brain

Music and the Effects on the Brain and Body
How the body reacts to Music:
Parts of the Brain and function:
Music and the Mood
Mood and Medical Patients:
Music and Stress
Ways to be less stressed with music:
Music and Memory
Dementia and Alzheimer's:
Music Therapy
Who receives music therapy?:
Made by Peyton Nienaber
Bibliography

Thesis Statement:
Music is a complex tool with many effects that can be used to reduce stress, bring back memories, improve your mood, and be used as a type of therapy.
N.A. “12 Ways to Reduce Stress with Music”

N.P. N.D. Web. 14 April 2014.
http://www.helpguide.org/mental/12-ways-to-reduce-stress-with- music.htm

Altman, Rita. “The powerful effects of Music in Memory Care” N.P.Huffington Post. 24 July 2013. Web. 24 April 2014.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/rita-altman-rn/music-and-memory b 3639
805.html

Collingwood,Jane. “Music Therapy may Aid Brain Damaged Patients.” Psych Central. 2011. Web. 20 March 2014.
http://psychcentral.com/lib/music-therapy-may-aid-brain-damaged- patients/0009313

Collingwood, Jane. “The Power of Music to Reduce Stress" Psych Central. 2007. Web. 24 March 2014.
http://pyschcentral.com/lib/the-power-of-music-to-reduce-stress/000930

Cooper, Belle, B. “The Surprising Science Behind what Music does to the Brain” Ed. Belle, B Cooper. Fast Company. 6 Dec 2013. Web. 13 March 2014.
http://www.fastcompany.com/3022942/work-smart/the-surprising- science-behind-what-music-does-to-our-brain

Elliot, Tina. “How Music Affects Your Mood”. Examiner. 12 June 2013. Web. 4 April 2014.
http://www.examiner.com/ article/how-music-affects-your-mood

Haltzman, Scott. “Does music Therapy Work, Evidence and Facts from a
Psychiatrist”.N.P. N.D. Web. 14 April 2014.
http://familydoctormag.com/alternative-medicine/1310-does-music- therapy-work.html

N.A. “Help Spread Music-and Give New Life to Someone you Love”.N.P. N.D. 14 April 2014.
http://musicandmemory.org

Hsu, Jeremy. “Music-Memory Connection Found”.N.P. 2009. Web. 12 April 2014.
http://www.livescience.com/5327-music-memory-connection-brain.html


Kuchinskas, Susan. “ How Making Music Reduces Stress Music”.N.P. N.D. Web. 14 April 2014.
http://www.webmd.com/balance/stress-management/features/how- making-music-reduces-stress.html

Lucas, Cheri. “Boost Memory and Learning with Music”.N.P. N.D. Web. 14 April 2014.
http://www.pbs.org/parents/education/music-arts/boosts-memory-and-
learning-with-music/

McGill University. “What happens in the Brain to make Music Rewarding?” Science Daily. 11 April 2013. Web. 14 April 2014.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/04/11/130411143056.htm

Mercola, Dr. “Why Your Brain Craves Music”.N.P. 2013. Web. 10 April 2014.
http://lio9.com/5837976/what-happens-to-your-brain-under-the - influence-of-music.html

Mohana, Malini. “ Music &How it Impacts your Brain, Emotions”.N.P. 2013. Web. 7 April 2014.
http://psychcentral.com/lib/music-how-it-impacts-your-brain- emotions/00017356

Moore, Kimberly. “Top 12 Brain-Based Reasons Why Music as Therapy Works”. 22
April 2010. Web. 14 April 2014.
http://blog.postitscience.com/2010/04/22/top-12-brain-based-reasons
-why-music-as-therapy-works/

N.A. “Music and Mood”. 31 March 2014. Web. 7 April 2014.
http://www.healthychildren.org/English/healthy-living/emotional-wellness
/pages/music-and-mood.aspx

N.A. “Music Therapy”. American Cancer Society. 2014. Web. 20 March 2014.
http://www.cancer.org/treatmentsandsideeffects/complementaryandalter nativemedicine.mindbodyspirit/musictherapy.htm

Perry, David. “Music and the Brain.” Encyclopedia of the Human Brain. San Francisco. Science Direct. Web. 14 April 2014.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/BO122272102002260#se e11.

N.A. “What is Music Therapy”. American Music Therapy Association. 2014. Web. 27 March 2014.
http://www.musictherapy.org/

Wilkins, Alasdair. “Music and Neuroscience”. 7 Sept 2014. Web. 8 April 2014.
http://io9.com/5837976/what-happens-to-your-brain-under-the-influence- of-music.html

Zimbler, Suzanne. “All About the Brain”. Time for Kids. 17 Dec 2010. 10-11. Print.

My 5 Questions
How does the brain and body react to music?
How does music affect your mood?
How does music impact your stress levels?
How does music affect memory?
What is music therapy and how does it work?

Music in General:
Mood and certain Activities:
Mood and Parts of Music:
Music and Positivity:
Mood Swings:
How does music restore memory?:
Music and School:
Who does music reduce stress for?:
Music increasing stress:
Illnesses:
What happens during music therapy?:
How does it work?:
When does it not work?:
The Hypothalamus controls body heat.
The Cerebellum coordinates balance and movement.
The Brain Stem controls breathing and heartbeat.
The Pituitary gland controls body growth.
The Cerebellum is the largest and thoughts are kept there.
The Amygdala is in charge of your emotions.
The Hippocampus stores memories.
The Auditory Cortex process music.
Everybody has a different shaped Auditory Cortex and it determines the music you like as a child.
The Nucleus Accumbens forms/reacts to your expectations.
How music impacts your mood:
How did that song make you feel?
The Scientist
The Family
Do, Re,
A way to travel
A passport.
Mi, Fa,
A connection to humanity
A bridge.
So,La,
A way to navigate life
A map.
Ti, Do,
A light in the darkness
A lamp.
Music Therapy,
Easy, Non-envading,
Speaking, Walking, Running,
Notes, Staff, Song, Instruments
Answering, Thinking, Believing,
Comfortable, Everlasting,
Music Therapy.
Do,Ti,
Jolly, Soulful,
A laugh.
La, So,
Flailing arms,
A dance.
Fa, MI,
Bumpy hums,
A song.
Re, Do,
Crooked teeth,
A smile.
Music Therapy,
Fun, Never ending,
Dancing, Singing, Humming,
Headphones, Ears, Brain, Noise,
Talking, Jumping, Loving,
Caring, Amazing,
Music Therapy.
Music triggers all sorts of secondary responses.
Reactions change as you become older.
Enhances your health and body.
Music increases your endurance by 15%
When the tempo goes up, performance goes up.
Music connects yourself with others.
Brain waves resinate with beats of music.
Intense complex emotion and thought in the brain.
Your brain makes predictions of what will happen in the song.
Patients with cancer, burns, and multiple sclerosis.
The problem seems smaller.
Some music makes particular activities easier or
more enjoyable.
Melody is a way for emotion is organized.
Contour is the pattern of changes in frequency to set a tone.
Pleasent music produces serotonin, the brain chemical responsible for happiness.
Mood swings are softened by music.
Less dramatic then usual.
Mood altering medicines don't work as well.
Please talk to your partner about a time you used music as a stress reliever.
Try to listen to music as much as possible.
Don't worry about being perfect.
Miners and cave workers.
Nursing students.
Anybody who needs it.
Dentist, doctor, or emergency patients.
Loud volumes can increase stress.
Serious musicians have a hard time playing music to calm themselves.
Relieves depression.
Improves health conditions.
Increases self-esteem.
Decreases irritability.
Cognitive and physical challenges.
Alzheimer's patients recall past songs.
ABC... and peristalsis.
Learning is interactive.
Soundtrack for a mental movie.
Connection, or bridge.
Sounds or notes are associated with a certain word.
Stimulates your mind and ears.
Helps people talk and have fun with each other.
A song stuck in your head is an example.
Not powerful and harmful medications.
Happens in your hippocampus, the memory part of your brain.
Two View Poem
Cancer, Dementia, and Alzheimer's patients.
People with disabilities and babies.
Your heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate slows.
Music is a core function of our brain.
Music is structured and our brain loves that.
It is non-envasive, safe, fun, and motivating.
Uncooperative patients.
Therapists who are not trained or are mean.
While watching this video please remember how Henry was at the beginning and the end of the video.
Agent of Change
For the Agent of Change I decided to write a letter to the White House. My letter is about adding more money to the music programs in schools across the country. I used facts from my presentation to state my point.
Thank You for watching my Presentation!
Questions?
gb
Some notes are more powerful then others.
I have gotten no reply back so far.
Full transcript