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The Chipaya

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Mariana Camacho

on 7 June 2013

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Transcript of The Chipaya

The Chipaya Identity Identity Continued Location Relatiomships Social Problems The Uru Chipaya (Uru being their language) is a tribe in the Bolivian salt plains of 2,000 members.
The Chipaya have a background on the Uru- Chipaya language group, that was first seen in mid 16th century in the high plateaus named Altiplano in the Southern Central Andes which is modern day Bolivia.
The earliest language documents go back in the late years of the 19th century; there are many vocabulary lists for the Uru Chipaya created by non-linguistics. Some subjects and grammatical records are still around on the Uru spoken around Lake Titicaca.

The only group that has managed to keep their language are the Chipaya north of Lake Coipasa, unlike the other groups that only have vocabulary aspects. In this community of 1,800 people the language is very much used on a daily basis.

The Chipaya are the most ancient people in South America by surviving the years of the Spanish conquest all due to their huge encouragement to keep their traditions and culture, they have been around starting from 1500 to 2000 BC. They have been pushed into small areas of land due to enemies, they were forced to settle on harsh salt plains of the Andean plateau with an altitude of 12,000 feet above seal level.

The air is very thin and almost at the point of being drained, runoff coming from the Andes brings ample annual floods but the water supply near by is very much contaminated.

Their most important settlement is the village called, “Santa Ana de Chipaya”, is surrounded by land of salty lakes.

That is where they grow the right amount of quinua and cañihua which came from former Andean culture which are like grain crops of major nutritional significance, to support them due to the help of soil removal by taking out the soil with river water and effectively using the limited water sources. The Chipaya see freedoom as more important than land. For decades they have had conflicts with their neighbour tribe the Aymaras, dates as far back as 1722 already showing problems between the two. This conflict was then fixed in the 1970s when the Chipaya lost land for good to the Collana Ayllu of the Aymara. Since they both have close conatact with one another the Chipaya have had to grasp some of their customs Records show that the Inca empire have had influence on the Chipaya because an old Inca burial ground was found but was identified as Chipayan territory
Also there is a belief that they also come from the Chullpa (ancient people) because the clothing that the Chipaya have on their mummified bodies are the same as the ones on the Chullpa people's bodies.
The ancestors of the Chipayas which were a small group of people survived the incredible temperatures of the sun; they migrated to environmental places like the north hills and the lakes along the south. Due to all these movements they lost their rights to the land up in the north and were pushed into a small lake area Question and Answer and True or False Around which lake is the Uru Spoken? The Chipaya are the most ancient people in South America by surviving the years of the Spanish True or False? Non- profrit organization The air is very thin, runoff coming from the Andes brings ample annual floods but the water supply near by is very much contaminated.
On a medical trip to the village doctors from Healing the Children saw that a mere 80% of the residents are infected with water-borne diseases.
The Chipaya also face the fact of dying out because of global warming. They take on the reality of having to move to bigger cities to survive.
Healing the Children in a non- profit organization which looks to improve the lives of children around the world and providing medical services to those who don't have access to them. Proprsed water purification system The way it works is that the water first passes through a stainless steel tube along with a UV lamp placed inside, and then the ultraviolet beams coming from the lamp instantly get rid of 99.9% of all the bacteria in the water.
This system is very useful because it is of low maintenance; cost and the parts that come with it do not need to be replaced frequently, some lasting a whole year and others three to four months. Question and True or False True or False? The Mayan empire had a big influence on the Chipaya. Question What does the organization "Healing the Children" exactly do? Sovereignty Self-organizations The most important economic activity they have is the breeding of cattles.

Because of the conditions of the habitat, breeding animals is the only possible way through strategies and of utility and modification of the environment.
They tried to create temporary floods that would allow the creation of an aquatic animal since they called themselves "water beings." Self-organizations During dry season where the harvest is non-existent, the Chipaya have to turn to trade. There are product shortages in certain seasons so they have to migrate temporarily to the valleys in Tarapaca in Chile where they work as laborers.
Every year different authorities are elected and respected. Political spots are intended for male members for the community but they have a belief that everyone is equal to the point where everything else in the community can be done by women as well as men. Only when the males have married will they be considered part of the community. Renewal Despite the fact that from the looks of it, they don't get support from the government, the Chipaya have managed to maintain and stick with their traditions and culture. Their religion has very much suffered from the opposition of their neighbour’s Aymara’s religion and later on having to face the Catholics and Protestants. This is proof to their ancestral rituals directed towards the Mallkus which are, “Teluric divinities whose spirit supposedly resides in monuments built of adobe and dry soil, called pokara of conic shape and variable dimensions...” Religion An ancient deity called Mallku Lauca symbolizes the spirit of the river Lauca, many evangelists practiced this religion but nowadays not so much anymore, they still remember and respect the deity.

This form of life proportions the Chipayas with aquatic prairies and birds that contribute to the base of their economy.

The Lauca along with the Mallku Sabaya and Sajama are the main basis of the absolute beings of the Chipaya. One of their main rituals is offering “Yunpaka” which is where solid and liquid objects are being presented to the Mallku Lauca, their main celebrations are Santa Ana and Santiago Apostol.

The Chipaya have also combined the Catholic rituals with the ancestral ones. It is said that the Mallku Lauca made contact with the Virgin Mary in favour of the Chipayas, where they have called the Lauca, “Saint Maria Llauca.” Reconciliation Even though the Chipaya have the problem of water shortage, they are still able to stick together.

Through dedication a small group of them have been able to stay strong and keep up with the demands of the habitat they live in, their culture is their number one priority. Question and True or False True or False? Political spots are intended for both male and women members of the community. They get a lot of support from the government with their living conditions. Question What anctient deity symbolizes the spirit of the River Lauca? Chipaya's water problem Bibliography CHIPAYA WATER PROJECT” (accessed May 24th, 2013), from http://www.openhandstudios.org/chipaya.ht “CHIPAYA” (accessed May 24th, 2013) from http://dobes.mpi.nl/projects/chipaya/languages An authentic experience: discovering the traditions of the Uru Chipapa” (accessed May 23nd, 2013) from http://bolivia-travels.com/sajama-lauca/chipayas.htm Civallero, Edgardo. Plaza, Sara. “The Chipaya”, (accessed May 23rd 2013), last modified October 2012, from http://landofwinds.blogspot.ca/2010/10/chipaya.html "Chipaya- History and Cultural Relations," (accessed May 24th, 2013) http://www.everyculture.com/South-America/Chipaya-History-and-Cultural-Relations.html Sáenz, Sabine Dedenbach-Salazar. “Our Grandparents Used to Say That We Are Certainly
Ancient People, We Come From the Chullpas”: The Bolivian Chipayas’ Mythistory”, (accessed May 27th 2013), last modified January 27th, 2012, from http://journal.oraltradition.org/files/articles/27i/08_27.1.pdf “Nacion Uru Chipaya” (accessed May 2nd, 2013) from http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:izd_7Vt6cdMJ:www.educabolivia.bo/educabolivia/images/archivos/publicaciones/presentacion/17f03778689ee5abfaaa8091bf38eb93.ppt+&cd=12&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=ca
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