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Copy of Compare & Contrast Essays

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Marika Neto

on 18 February 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Compare & Contrast Essays

Compare & Contrast
plus the Date

Compare vs. Contrast
Apples & Oranges
The function of any comparison or contrast essay is to clarify and explain.
A
comparison
points out the ways that two or more persons, places, or things are alike.
Remember the old saying “That’s like comparing apples and oranges”?
The subject of a comparison or contrast should be in the same class or general category; if they have nothing in common, there is no good reason for setting them side by side.
For example, you wouldn’t get very far in comparing Ford trucks with Schwinn bicycles, other than to point out that they both are modes of transportation.
The writer’s purpose may be simply to inform, or to make readers aware of similarities or differences that are interesting and significant in themselves.
Or the writer may explain something unfamiliar by comparing it with something very familiar (for example, by explaining the game of squash by comparing it to tennis).
The writer can point out the superiority of one thing by contrasting it with another—for example, by showing that one product is the best by contrasting it with all its competitors.
Example of the Block Method pattern
A subject-by-subject outline of an essay comparing two baseball teams might look like this:

I. San Francisco Giants
A. Pitching
B. Fielding
C. Hitting

II. L.A. Dodgers
A. Pitching
B. Fielding
C. Hitting
Example of the Point-by-Point pattern
The point-by-point pattern of organization. With this pattern, your essay is organized according to the various points of comparison. An outline might look like this:

I Hitting
a. Giants
b. Dodgers

II Pitching
a. Giants
b. Dodgers

III Fielding
a. Giants
b. Dodgers
In conclusion:
A good compare and contrast essay tells readers something significant that they do not already know. That is, it must do more than merely point out the obvious.
Purpose
Things to Avoid:
Contractions
(Use "do not" rather than "don't.")
Second person
(you/your). Use first person (I/we/our) or third person (he/she/it/they/the movie/the student/the t.v. show, etc.)
Announcements
(Do not write, "This essay will discuss" or "So that is what I think," etc.)
Slang or informal speech
(Use "until" instead of "till"; don't use texting abbreviations "idk," etc.
A
contrast
points out how they differ.
For example Compare and Contrast essay may focus on:
1. Themes
2. Characters
3. Historical Relevence
4. __________ Any other examples?
A+B
Introduction
1. Attract the reader’s attention.
2. Provide background information about your topic.
3. Identify the two things being compared and contrasted.
4. State the purpose for making the comparison and/or contrast.
5. State the thesis.
Body Paragraphs
1. In the first paragraph, discuss the similarities.
2. In the next paragraph, discuss the differences.
Conclusion
1. Paraphrase the thesis.
2. Summarize the main similarities and differences.
3. Paraphrase the importance of the topic.
A Simple Outline for Block Method
A Simple Outline for Point by Point method
Introduction
1. Attract the reader’s attention.
2. Provide background information about your topic.
3. Identify the two things being compared and contrasted.
4. State the purpose for making the comparison and/or contrast.
5. State the thesis.
Body Paragraphs
1. In the first paragraph, discuss point #1 of both subjects, comparing and contrasting the manifestation of this point in each subject.
2. In the next paragraph, discuss point #2 of both subjects, comparing and contrasting the manifestation of this point in each subject.
3. In the next paragraph, discuss point #3 of both subjects, comparing and contrasting the manifestation of this point in each subject.
Conclusion
1. Paraphrase the thesis.
2. Summarize the main similarities and differences.
3. Paraphrase the importance of the topic.
Review Question:

What do ALL essays have in common?
Answer:
1. Introduction
2. Body paragraphs
3. Conclusion
Review Question:

What do each of the following paragraphs, from above include?
Answer:
Introduction
1. Hook
2. Supporting Details
3. Thesis Statement

Body Paragraphs
1. Topic Sentence
2. Evidence
3. Commentary
4. Transition

Conclusion
1. Restatement of the key points
2. Restatement of the thesis statement
3. A FABULOUS closing sentence
Activity:

Compare and Contrast a Thesis Statement and a Topic Sentence.
Recommend doing a Venn Diagram...
There are two ways to format a Compare and Contrast Essay
1. The Block Method
2. The Point-by-Point Method
Thesis Statement
Topic Sentence
Activity in Your Notebooks
Think about the movie/book you have read in conjunction with our unit
Night
.

Next week you will be writing an in-class SKELETON ESSAY, which includes: Thesis Statement, Topic Sentences and Evidence for your ENTIRE essay.

The prompt will be given to you the day of class. But in order to prepare, today, you will begin making a compare and contrast list, Venn Diagram or simply a brainstorm about the two texts.

Hint: Remember a Compare and Contrast Essay goes beyond just comparing the obvious. Think about specific themes, characters, settings, or relationships within both texts.
In your Notebooks label:
Full transcript